Sociology 4

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 32

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    On which of the following does microsociology focus?
    • A. 

      Structural functionalism

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Broad features of social structure

    • D. 

      Social interaction

  • 2. 
    If a sociologist decided to research the perceptions that different social classes have of each other in the United States, which level of analysis wouldbe appropriate?
    • A. 

      Macrosociology

    • B. 

      Microsociology

    • C. 

      Middle range sociology

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    The framework of a society that was already laid out before you were born is:
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Your master status

    • C. 

      Social process

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    According to sociologists, differeences among individuals in behavior and attitute are due to:
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Location in the social structure

    • C. 

      Conceptions of personal space

    • D. 

      Different styles of impression management

  • 5. 
    A groups' language, beliefs, values, and behaviors is known as:
    • A. 

      Master status

    • B. 

      Status inconsistency

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Role behavior

  • 6. 
    Social class is based on all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Income

    • B. 

      Age

    • C. 

      Occupational prestige

    • D. 

      Education

  • 7. 
    You are a student, a friend, ason or a daughter, a sister or a brother. These characteristics are known as your:
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Social class

    • C. 

      Status set

    • D. 

      Prestige

  • 8. 
    All of the following are achieved statuses except:
    • A. 

      Sex

    • B. 

      Friend

    • C. 

      Student

    • D. 

      Married

  • 9. 
    All of the following are correct statements regarding status symbols, except:
    • A. 

      Status symbols are signs that identify a status

    • B. 

      Status symbols often are used to show that people have "made it"

    • C. 

      Status symbols are always positive signs or people would not wear them

    • D. 

      Status symbols are used by people to announce their statuses to others.

  • 10. 
    In contemporary America, which of the following status sets would very likely be your master status?
    • A. 

      Close friend

    • B. 

      Student

    • C. 

      AIDS victim

    • D. 

      Sibling

  • 11. 
    Which one of the following is a status inconsistency?
    • A. 

      A 21-year-old college student

    • B. 

      A 35-year-old mother

    • C. 

      A male elementary school teacher

    • D. 

      A lower social class, short-order cook

  • 12. 
    The behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to statuses are called:
    • A. 

      Status sets

    • B. 

      Master statuses

    • C. 

      Status differentiations

    • D. 

      Roles

  • 13. 
    The means that each society develops to meet its needs are:
    • A. 

      Your status sets

    • B. 

      Social institutions

    • C. 

      Social roles

    • D. 

      Stereotypes

  • 14. 
    A society that is egalitarian, small, and nomadic is a:
    • A. 

      Biotech society

    • B. 

      Hunting and gathering society

    • C. 

      Horticultural society

    • D. 

      Pastoral society

  • 15. 
    The use of the steam engine to run machinery ushered in:
    • A. 

      The Industrial Revolution

    • B. 

      The postindividual revolution

    • C. 

      The "dawn of civilization"

    • D. 

      The increased growth of egalitarianism

  • 16. 
    The societies inwhich groups first developed permanent settlements were:
    • A. 

      The hunting and gathering societies

    • B. 

      The industrial societies

    • C. 

      The horticultural societies

    • D. 

      Biotech society

  • 17. 
    The Industrial Revolution isassociatedwith theinvention of the:
    • A. 

      Cotton gin

    • B. 

      Steam engine

    • C. 

      Plow

    • D. 

      Computer

  • 18. 
    A society whose chief distinguishing characteristic is an economy centered on the application of genetics:
    • A. 

      An industrial society

    • B. 

      A horticultural

    • C. 

      A postindustrial society

    • D. 

      A biotech society

  • 19. 
    Workers in service industries do all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Provide information

    • B. 

      Apply information

    • C. 

      Produce material goods

    • D. 

      Sell their specialized knowledge

  • 20. 
    The basic component of the postindustrial society is:
    • A. 

      Information

    • B. 

      Technology

    • C. 

      Assembly line work

    • D. 

      Outsourcing

  • 21. 
    As societies get larger, their ______ becomes more specialized.
    • A. 

      Division of labor

    • B. 

      Communities

    • C. 

      Religions

    • D. 

      Cities

  • 22. 
    Organic solidarity refers to a society:
    • A. 

      With a highly specialized division of labor

    • B. 

      Whose members are interdependent on one another

    • C. 

      With a high degree of impersonal relationships

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    A society in which contracts replace handshakes andwork centers on strangers and short-term acquaintances is a:
    • A. 

      Gesellschaft society

    • B. 

      Gemeinschaft society

    • C. 

      Mechanical solidarity

    • D. 

      Organic solidarity

  • 24. 
    Hall observed that North Americans used different "distance zones." The "zone" that marks impersonal or formal relationships is:
    • A. 

      The social distance zone

    • B. 

      The intimate zone

    • C. 

      The personal distance zone

    • D. 

      The public distance zone

  • 25. 
    _________ is the term used to describe Goffman's perspective that life is like a stage play.
    • A. 

      Ethnomethodology

    • B. 

      Dramaturgy

    • C. 

      Thomas theorem

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    You have an Introduction to Sociology exam to take tomorrow, but you also know you need to visit you mother who is in the hospital. What might you experience?
    • A. 

      Role strain

    • B. 

      Role conflict

    • C. 

      Role anomie

    • D. 

      Role challenge

  • 27. 
    When performances do not go off as planned, we often have to engage in _____ behavior.
    • A. 

      Corrective

    • B. 

      Face-saving

    • C. 

      Studied nonobservance

    • D. 

      Conflictual

  • 28. 
    The study of how people use commonsense understandings to getthrough everyday life is:
    • A. 

      Enthomethodology

    • B. 

      Survey research

    • C. 

      Experimental laboratory research

    • D. 

      Dramaturgy

  • 29. 
    The Thomas theorem is based on:
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Symbolic interactionism

    • D. 

      Exchange theory

  • 30. 
    Whereas macrosociology stresses the importance of social structure, microsociology helps us understand the role _______ plays in our everyday lives.
    • A. 

      Social interaction

    • B. 

      Impression management

    • C. 

      Dramaturgy

    • D. 

      Role conflict

  • 31. 
    Conflict theory andfunctionalism both focus on the macrosociological perspective.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Social inequality increases as society evolves from the hunting/gathering to the pastoral/horticultural, to the agricultural, to the industrial society.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Culture is the broadest framework that determines what kind of people we become.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Social status refers to the position that someone occupies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Student is an example of an ascribed status.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Master statuses can be ascribed or achieved statuses.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Belonging to a group means that we yield to others the right to make certain decisions about our behvaior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Hunting and gathering societies have been called the "dawn of civilization"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Medicine is a social institution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False