Social Science Final Exam-mr. Dulberg

51 Questions

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Social Science Quizzes & Trivia

50 minute multiple-choice final exam covering Introduction to Government and Introduction to Economics.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why do citizens create a Social Contract?
    • A. 

      To organize society and consent to a form a government

    • B. 

      To set up a business deal

    • C. 

      To elect a president

    • D. 

      To determine what type of economic system a country will adopt

  • 2. 
    Which of the following types of government allows for people to elect someone else to represent their political voice?
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Autocracy

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

    • D. 

      Republic

  • 3. 
    Why did Anti-Federalists disapprove of the Federalists' intentions in the formation of the US Constitution?
    • A. 

      They did not believe political power should be given to a strong national government

    • B. 

      They did not want states to rule themselves

    • C. 

      They disagreed with Presidential term limits

    • D. 

      They did not trust that Congress would be given enough power to regulate commerce

  • 4. 
    What did Thomas Hobbes believe would happen to human beings in a "State of Nature"?
    • A. 

      They would live peacefully and cooperate with each other

    • B. 

      They would live in chaos and only care about themselves

    • C. 

      They would form organized governments to resolve conflict

    • D. 

      They would choose to live alone away from other human beings

  • 5. 
    The power to enforce laws belongs to the which branch of government?
    • A. 

      Executive Branch

    • B. 

      Legislative Branch

    • C. 

      Judicial Branch

    • D. 

      Military Branch

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of "Checks and Balances" in the American political system?
    • A. 

      The President decides he wants to go to war and calls for troops to be deployed

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court decides not to hear an appeal from a lower court

    • C. 

      The Congress overrides a Presidential veto

    • D. 

      The House of Representatives holds a committee hearing to discuss a proposed bill

  • 7. 
    Which of the following beliefs is NOT part of the platform of the Democratic Party?
    • A. 

      Progressive taxes that are higher for wealthier individuals

    • B. 

      Increased social spending on welfare programs

    • C. 

      Making abortion illegal

    • D. 

      Greater environmental protection

  • 8. 
    How do senators differ from representatives?
    • A. 

      Only senators are part of Congress

    • B. 

      Senators represent the entire state instead of a smaller district

    • C. 

      The number of senators is based on the population of the state

    • D. 

      Only senators actually write laws

  • 9. 
    Negotiating with other countries and determining foreign policy is the primary responsibility of:
    • A. 

      The President

    • B. 

      The Speaker of the House

    • C. 

      The Secretary of State

    • D. 

      The Attorney General

  • 10. 
    The most important purpose of a primary is to:
    • A. 

      Determine a political party's nominee for the general election

    • B. 

      Determine public support for a given candidate

    • C. 

      Determine whether or not a candidate has enough money to win a general election

    • D. 

      Determine whether or not voters know enough about each candidate running for office

  • 11. 
    A major difference between Criminal Law and Civil Law is:
    • A. 

      In Civil Law you must be found guilty beyond a reasonable doubt

    • B. 

      In Criminal Law you can be sued

    • C. 

      Only Criminal Law has a trial by jury

    • D. 

      Only Civil Law deals with legal disputes between two or more parties

  • 12. 
    What is the primary purpose of the Bill of Rights?
    • A. 

      To organize a national government

    • B. 

      To grant specific freedoms to citizens

    • C. 

      To determine powers of Congress and the President

    • D. 

      To help gain American independence from Britain

  • 13. 
    The US Constitution contains all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      The Declaration of Independence

    • C. 

      The Preamble

    • D. 

      The Interstate Commerce Clause

  • 14. 
    Freedom of Assembly gives citizens the right to:
    • A. 

      Organize in a group and protest

    • B. 

      Write a petition

    • C. 

      Practice any religion they want

    • D. 

      Vote without fear of discrimination

  • 15. 
    According to the 4th Amendment, if the government wants to search you or your belongings, they must have:
    • A. 

      Reasonable suspicion

    • B. 

      Probable cause

    • C. 

      A Preponderance of evidence

    • D. 

      Guilt beyond a reasonable doubt

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is a DUTY of citizenship?
    • A. 

      Voting

    • B. 

      Serving on a Jury if summoned

    • C. 

      Volunteering for a political campaign

    • D. 

      Protesting

  • 17. 
    Electricity, Gas, and Water are all examples of local:
    • A. 

      Property taxes

    • B. 

      Sole proprietorships

    • C. 

      Interstate commerce

    • D. 

      Utilities

  • 18. 
    What political position does this public official currently hold?
    • A. 

      Governor

    • B. 

      Senator

    • C. 

      Supreme Court Justice

    • D. 

      Mayor

  • 19. 
    The primary purpose of the US Supreme Court is to:
    • A. 

      Hear serious criminal cases that typically involve murder and/or rape

    • B. 

      Settle disagreements between the President and Congress

    • C. 

      Serve as the final court of appeals for state and federal cases

    • D. 

      Enforce laws that are created by the Legislative Branch

  • 20. 
    Belonging to the United Nations is an example of a country practicing this type of foreign policy:
    • A. 

      Isolationism

    • B. 

      Realism

    • C. 

      Interventionism

    • D. 

      Idealism

  • 21. 
    "It [The United Nations] is the nearest thing we have to a representative institution that can address the interests of all states and of all peoples.  Through this universal, indispensable instrument of human progress, states can serve the interests of their citizens by recognizing common interests and pursuing them in unity.  The Nobel Committee wishes to proclaim that the only negotiable route to global peace and cooperation goes by way of the United Nations." --UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's speech accepting the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001Why does Annan feel that the UN is indispensible to international relations?
    • A. 

      Because it has the world's most powerful army

    • B. 

      Because it allows nations to meet and work together in peace

    • C. 

      Because it has awarded him the Nobel Peace Prize

    • D. 

      Because it ensures world peace

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a power that belongs solely to state governments?
    • A. 

      Regulating marriages

    • B. 

      Taxing citizens

    • C. 

      Creating Money

    • D. 

      Building roads

  • 23. 
    Why is Mayor Nutter considered part of a strong-mayor plan in Philadelphia local government?
    • A. 

      He is elected by the voters of Philadelphia

    • B. 

      He is chosen by the Philadelphia city council

    • C. 

      His department heads are selected by a Manager of the city

    • D. 

      His political power gives him the authority to hire and fire city council members

  • 24. 
    Card Stacking is a political propaganda technique that involves:
    • A. 

      Showing/Using only facts that support your argument

    • B. 

      Using fear to scare an audience into supporting you

    • C. 

      Using words or phrases that sound appealing and that everyone would agree with

    • D. 

      Attaching negative labels to your opponent

  • 25. 
    How are the numbers shown on this Electoral College map determined?
    • A. 

      States are given a number based on their likelihood to vote Republican or Democrat

    • B. 

      States are given a number based on their total population and representation in Congress

    • C. 

      States are given a number based on how many people turn out to vote in the Presidential Election

    • D. 

      States are given a number based on when they became an official state

  • 26. 
    What is an economy?
    • A. 

      Any institution that controls money

    • B. 

      Any society that contains businesses

    • C. 

      Any system that produces and distributes goods and services

    • D. 

      Any community that has needs and wants

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is an example of Macroeconomics?
    • A. 

      An individual's savings account

    • B. 

      The financial budget of partnership

    • C. 

      Walmart's total profit for 2009

    • D. 

      Current U.S. GDP

  • 28. 
    The final step of any economic supply chain is:
    • A. 

      Demand

    • B. 

      Consumption

    • C. 

      Distribution

    • D. 

      Production

  • 29. 
    An economic system in which the government controls all production and distribution decisions is a:
    • A. 

      Mixed Economy

    • B. 

      Command Economy

    • C. 

      Traditional Economy

    • D. 

      Market Economy

  • 30. 
    Why is the United States considered a mixed economy?
    • A. 

      Because its economy allows for individual enterprise and government regulation

    • B. 

      Because its economy can produce a diversity of goods and services

    • C. 

      Because its economy is partially based on traditions and customs passed down by generations

    • D. 

      Because its economy is largely based on recycling and renewable energy

  • 31. 
    What determines a product's demand?
    • A. 

      How much of the product can be supplied by a producer

    • B. 

      How much or how many consumers want the product

    • C. 

      How high the price is set for a given product

    • D. 

      How high the taxes are for a given product

  • 32. 
    What is occurring in this supply/demand chart?
    • A. 

      Supply is increasing, Demand is decreasing

    • B. 

      Supply is staying the same, Demand is decreasing

    • C. 

      Supply is decreasing, Demand is increasing

    • D. 

      Supply is staying the same, Demand is increasing

  • 33. 
    What is happening to price in this scenario?
    • A. 

      The price is increasing

    • B. 

      The price is decreasing

    • C. 

      The price is staying the same

    • D. 

      It is unknown how price will respond

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is not included in a country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
    • A. 

      Consumer spending

    • B. 

      Imports

    • C. 

      Investments

    • D. 

      Government Spending

  • 35. 
    Which of the following actions is MOST beneficial to credit card companies?
    • A. 

      Customers who pay their entire bill every month

    • B. 

      Customers who always make just the minimum payment

    • C. 

      Customers who who max out their cards and go bankrupt

    • D. 

      Customers who never charge more than they can pay back immediately

  • 36. 
    How does the concept of an "invisible hand" show the positive effect of capitalism on a society?
    • A. 

      Individual self-interest will lead to greater production and choice for the public because of competition to attract consumers

    • B. 

      Individual self-interest will enable some members of any society to become very wealthy in a short period of time

    • C. 

      The public good will be served by businesses giving back to the community once they have made a profit

    • D. 

      The public good will be served by governments regulating the economy and providing social welfare

  • 37. 
    This company is attracting customers with its brand/logo using:
    • A. 

      Psychological impact of colors

    • B. 

      Brand Salience

    • C. 

      Evocative Imagery

    • D. 

      Alliteration

  • 38. 
    Which of the following actions would make a company a NATURAL monopoly?
    • A. 

      Forcing other competitors out through price gouging

    • B. 

      Buying out other companies for less than the company is actually worth

    • C. 

      Colluding with another company to put every other competitor out of business

    • D. 

      Producing a product that puts everyone else out of business due to popular demand

  • 39. 
    Controlling interest rates (lowering or raising) is a priority of:
    • A. 

      Fiscal Policy

    • B. 

      Monetary Policy

    • C. 

      Intrastate commerce

    • D. 

      The National Budget

  • 40. 
    A major principle of Socialism is:
    • A. 

      Every citizen should be taxed an equal amount

    • B. 

      Business should not be regulated by the government

    • C. 

      Every country should adopt free trade policies

    • D. 

      Wealth should be redistributed more fairly to the working class

  • 41. 
    The ______________________ grows when the government borrows money to pay for social programs it cannot afford:
    • A. 

      Budget Surplus

    • B. 

      GDP

    • C. 

      Deflation

    • D. 

      National Debt

  • 42. 
    The process by which unions work to reach an agreement with employers regarding wages and working conditions is:
    • A. 

      Striking

    • B. 

      Collective bargaining

    • C. 

      Boycotting

    • D. 

      Picketing

  • 43. 
    Why is contrarian investing a risky form of trading in the stock market?
    • A. 

      Because you are going against conventional wisdom and ignoring popular trends

    • B. 

      Because you are following large groups of investors and simply copying what they are doing

    • C. 

      Because you are short selling your stock when everyone else is buying

    • D. 

      Because you are gambling your money without performing any stock research

  • 44. 
    Based on trend following the high and low price of this stock over the last two months, an investor should:
    • A. 

      Buy shares

    • B. 

      Sell shares

    • C. 

      Wait two more months before deciding

    • D. 

      Ask Mr. D before investing

  • 45. 
    Interstate commerce in all of the following circumstances EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Railroad tracks being built across the country

    • B. 

      A motel business for tourists to a state

    • C. 

      A sale of Hershey's chocolate to Arizona

    • D. 

      Hiring of teachers in a local school district

  • 46. 
    When countries practice free trade, they use their comparative advantage to:
    • A. 

      Produce only the goods/services they are best at making among trade partners

    • B. 

      Be self-sufficient and produce everything their citizens will need

    • C. 

      Import every need or want their citizens desire from trade partners by creating a larger money supply

    • D. 

      Produce only the goods/services where they have the lowest opportunity cost among trade partners

  • 47. 
    During a recession, which action below should the government take to correct the economy?
    • A. 

      Raise interest rates

    • B. 

      Raise Taxes

    • C. 

      Increase expenditures on social programs

    • D. 

      Decrease the money supply

  • 48. 
    Why does the United States have a progressive income tax?
    • A. 

      We believe that the wealthy have a greater responsibility to pay a higher tax rate than anyone else

    • B. 

      We believe every citizen regardless of wealth should pay the same percentage of taxes on their income

    • C. 

      We believe that each individual should have to pay taxes based on the amount of benefits they receive

    • D. 

      We believe that all citizens should pay low taxes

  • 49. 
    Which of the following is an example of a developing country?
    • A. 

      United States

    • B. 

      Haiti

    • C. 

      England

    • D. 

      Sweden

  • 50. 
    Why might Globalization be leading to a "race to the bottom" effect in the global market?
    • A. 

      Governments are now more likely to give foreign aid to poorer countries

    • B. 

      Governments are raising tariffs on imports coming from China and Taiwan

    • C. 

      Companies are more likely to outsource jobs to the country whose workers are willing to be paid the least

    • D. 

      Minimum wage laws are keeping workers in the US from making the wages they deserve

  • 51. 
    EX CREDIT: Which of the following was true about Mr. D's Social Science class?
    • A. 

      Listening to his noisy shoes and seeing his lousy handwriting made it difficult to learn anything!

    • B. 

      He is not as funny as he thinks he is!

    • C. 

      His class was the coolest in the history of William Penn High School and could beat LeCompte's class in everything (except basketball)!

    • D. 

      His lessons made me think about the US and the world differently and more critically and I feel like I now understand a lot more about how governments and the economy work!

    • E. 

      All of the above!