Social Psychology Quiz #2

62 Questions

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Social Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Contemporary U.S. culture is characterized by a “marriage” story that compels people to:
    • A. 

      Get married

    • B. 

      Explain why they are not married

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Neither a or b

  • 2. 
    1.     When people are motivated either to go along with a cultural practice or to provide a “reasonable” explanation for their deviation, the practice can be said to be:
    • A. 

      Incorrigible

    • B. 

      Compulsory

    • C. 

      Habitual

    • D. 

      Sensible

  • 3. 
    1.     White privilege produces an institutionalized entitlement of normalcy which is the background against which:
    • A. 

      Differences require justification

    • B. 

      Differences obtain social attention

    • C. 

      Whiteness seems unquestionable

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    1.     The basic, “what everyone knows” knowledge about reality is called:
    • A. 

      Habitual culture

    • B. 

      Situational story

    • C. 

      Common sense

    • D. 

      Obvious elaborations

  • 5. 
    1.     Rather than challenge our beliefs about reality, contradictory information is generally resolved through the use of:
    • A. 

      Secondary elaborations

    • B. 

      Situational identities

    • C. 

      Impression management

    • D. 

      Incorrigible propositions

  • 6. 
    1.     Beliefs and explanations which may seem preposterous to cultural outsiders to be quite ordinary and plausible to insiders due to shared:
    • A. 

      Reflexivity

    • B. 

      Coherency

    • C. 

      Fragility

    • D. 

      Breaching

  • 7. 
    1.     Breaching experiments producing situational confusion reveal that social order is based on:
    • A. 

      Cooperative ignorance

    • B. 

      Conflict

    • C. 

      Trust

    • D. 

      Deception

  • 8. 
    1.     Well-established cultural meanings-in-practice that have widely recognized plausibility are known as:
    • A. 

      Incorrigible propostitions

    • B. 

      Situated identities

    • C. 

      Cultural institutions

    • D. 

      Habitual routines

  • 9. 
    An example of a cultural institution is:
    • A. 

      The division between an ethic of care and an ethic of business

    • B. 

      Fashion trends

    • C. 

      The two-party political systerm

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 10. 
    1.     Social power depends on the compliance of those who are ruled.  Compliance is accomplished through the performance of:
    • A. 

      Legitimacy rituals

    • B. 

      Situated identities

    • C. 

      Habituated routines

    • D. 

      Permeable realities

  • 11. 
      1.     Legitimacy rituals perform the meanings of social power by producing the experiences of cooperative inequality. The reading in the O’Brien text illustrated this regarding:
    • A. 

      Parental discipline

    • B. 

      Social retreat in old age

    • C. 

      Perpetuation of gender equality in employment

    • D. 

      Home pages

  • 12. 
    Ideological work is:
    • A. 

      How social arrangements produce the sort of self willing and able to participate in normal everyday life

    • B. 

      Selective filtering of news

    • C. 

      How the use of force is justified

    • D. 

      A web of deceit promoted by the cultural elite

  • 13. 
    Ideologies maintain existing social hierarchies by:
    • A. 

      The ‘strong ties’ between persons – significant others- reference groups

    • B. 

      Gradually forcing people to conform

    • C. 

      The "weak ties" of social punishment

    • D. 

      Financial and other incentives

  • 14. 
    1.     Describing self as an ‘in-between’ process means that:
    • A. 

      Self is in the middle of significant others

    • B. 

      Self is continuosly developed as proxesses between i and me and we

    • C. 

      Self is a moderation of expectations of others and personal preferences

    • D. 

      Self balances aspirations and disappointments

  • 15. 
    Easy participation in ordanary life is premised on ___________ and is an element of __________.
    • A. 

      Finding oneself/ personal development

    • B. 

      Learning behavioral rouitines/ experience

    • C. 

      The fit between appearance to others and being oneself/ naturalization of power

    • D. 

      Proving oneself/ social competition

  • 16. 
    The privledge of 'whiteness' is the presumptive unity of:
    • A. 

      The dominany group

    • B. 

      I me and we

    • C. 

      Social advantages

    • D. 

      Significant others

  • 17. 
    To claim that reality is a social construction is to emphasize
    • A. 

      That reality is coherent

    • B. 

      That reality is changeable

    • C. 

      That reality is permeable

    • D. 

      That reality is reflexive

  • 18. 
    1.     Dan is diagnosed as clinically depressed and feels that other people do not want to interact with him. The more he demands that others interact with him, the more they pull away. The result is that Dan becomes increasingly isolated and depressed. This sequence of events reflects:
    • A. 

      A self fulfilling prophecy

    • B. 

      The fragility of reality

    • C. 

      Secondary elaborations of belief

    • D. 

      An overdramatization of the ideal

  • 19. 
    1.     What do Mehan and Wood (Five Features of Reality) mean when they say that “all people are equally superstitious”?
    • A. 

      Both the Azande and Westerners’ commonsense understandings of the world are based on shared cultural conventions.

    • B. 

      Both the Azande and Westerners have a similar belief in oracles.

    • C. 

      Both the Azande and Westerners view scientific explanations with suspicion.

    • D. 

      Both the Azande and Westerners give superstitious answers to questions about the future.

  • 20. 
    The examples given by Mehan and Wood about the feature of reality suggest that:
    • A. 

      It is possible to enter other peoples reality

    • B. 

      Once a mental patient is labeled, that label stays with him or her forever

    • C. 

      Artists can easily exit different realities

    • D. 

      Culture makes it impossible to shift from one reality to another

  • 21. 
    An incorrigible proposition uses contradictions of the proposition to
    • A. 

      Reconsider the premises concering alternate meanings

    • B. 

      Resist the authorities supporting reality

    • C. 

      Reaffirm the credibility of the proposition

    • D. 

      Change believed in reality

  • 22. 
    1.     The general idea that there are mostly good people and a few bad people is an incorrigible or self-sustaining proposition, illustrating the Western assumption of:
    • A. 

      Object constancy

    • B. 

      Parental failure

    • C. 

      Biological explanation

    • D. 

      Psycho-social dynamics

  • 23. 
    1. Personal Responsibility. Poor health stems from individuals making unhealthy choices. We can encourage people to exercise and eat right, but it’s up to them. 2. Unfortunate but not unjust. Hierarchies are everywhere. Life isn’t fair, and differences in group health, like wealth disparities, will always be with us. 3. Nothing can be done. If health inequities do in fact arise from structural inequities in the rest of society, then what can be done short of a revolution?   23.  The film ‘Unnatural Causes’ argues that these (above) positions are:
    • A. 

      A. generally true but change is possible through health-care reform

    • B. 

      B. generally false as cross-cultural comparisons demonstrate contrary facts.

    • C. 

      C. due to inequalities regarding health services

    • D. 

      D. contradicted by poor people in good health

  • 24. 
    The social gradient indicates that the strongest predicator of health is
    • A. 

      Consistency of exercise

    • B. 

      Social class position

    • C. 

      Nutritional choice

    • D. 

      Quality of health services

  • 25. 
     Belief in the three points above is an example of a self-fulfilling prophecy because
    • A. 

      It encourages healthy life-styles

    • B. 

      It encourages investments in health-care reform

    • C. 

      It discourages collective social change

    • D. 

      It discourages medical innovations

  • 26. 
    26.  Although typically poorer, recent Latino immigrants are healthier than the average American. However, those who have lived in the U.S. five years or longer are 50% more likely to have high blood pressure and almost 40% more likely to be obese. This fact suggests that social determinants of health in the US are:
    • A. 

      Deprivations due to income

    • B. 

      Connected to diet

    • C. 

      Associated with urban residence

    • D. 

      Associated with social standing/ relative deprivation

  • 27. 
    26.  The Thomas Theorem is important to understanding how social inequality makes us sick because:
    • A. 

      It explains how status comparisons are internalizes as identity-stress, affecting biopsychosocial health

    • B. 

      It accounts for residential segregation

    • C. 

      It explains the demography of grocery stores and other resources

    • D. 

      It accounts for the doubled vulnerablilities

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 28. 
    We are our 'sisters keepers' because
    • A. 

      Our success enables us to help others

    • B. 

      If we define social troubles as personal problems we personalize the suffering and success of others

    • C. 

      It encourages famly-based assistance

    • D. 

      It teaches us gratitude

  • 29. 
    26.  When a person does not experience what, for others, are obstacles in everyday social life, we may say that person:
    • A. 

      Has a degree of control over the contradictory roles she may occupy

    • B. 

      Occupies 'the center' socially

    • C. 

      Has her definition of the situation accepted as the working consensus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 30. 
    Socio-cultural boundaries, such as private vs. public ownership, young vs. old, etc,:
    • A. 

      Depict the differences in beliefs, interests, and relative power among individuals

    • B. 

      Depict the differences in beliefs, interests, and relative power among groups.

    • C. 

      Are defined and clarified through contradictions and transgressions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 31. 
    People experience intrapersonal conflict due to:
    • A. 

      Their status as subject or object

    • B. 

      Contradictory voices and identities within

    • C. 

      The competition between the ego and the superego

    • D. 

      The power of hegemonic ideals of intelligence

  • 32. 
    How does a stigmatized identity become a master or total identity
    • A. 

      Individuals only identify with their stigmatized part

    • B. 

      Stigmatized individuals gain power by uniting in groups

    • C. 

      People tend to see an individual only as his or her stigmatized role

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 33. 
    A 'marked' person has to:
    • A. 

      Compulsively was

    • B. 

      Prove themselves as other than who they appear

    • C. 

      Disguise their impression

    • D. 

      Find an appropriate social niche

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is NOT a highly marked aspect of identity
    • A. 

      Ex-convict

    • B. 

      Mental patient

    • C. 

      Granddaughter

    • D. 

      Homeless

  • 35. 
    26. Someone who occupies an ordinary or __________ position can be relatively certain of encountering others like them wherever they go.
    • A. 

      Hegemonic

    • B. 

      Stigmatized

    • C. 

      Marginal

    • D. 

      Marked

  • 36. 
    26.  If two professors teach the same material in the same way, yet the white male is viewed as “apolitical” and “fair,” while the black female is evaluated as “lacking authority” and being “uninformed,” the man has more:
    • A. 

      Stigma

    • B. 

      Contradiction

    • C. 

      Subjective or personal freedom

    • D. 

      Social boundaries

  • 37. 
    26.  According to the text and film – Race and Psychiatry – community centers and alternate healing practices are important for people who share marginalized statuses because:
    • A. 

      It gives them space for plotting their social takeover

    • B. 

      It provides interactional meanings/practices that reflect the complexities of their experiences

    • C. 

      It emphasizes the lack of subjective freedom they experience

    • D. 

      It allows them to express taboo subjects

  • 38. 
    In this country the leading cause of death among, gay, lesbian, and transgendered youths aged 15-24 is
    • A. 

      Murder

    • B. 

      Accident

    • C. 

      Illness

    • D. 

      Suicide

  • 39. 
    The most common cause of death among gay, lesbian, and transgendered youth in the US is explained by:
    • A. 

      Inadequate gun control

    • B. 

      Conflict between cultural institutionalization of sexual orientation and personal story

    • C. 

      Concentration of poverty amongst marginalized youth

    • D. 

      Parental intolerance

  • 40. 
    One circumstance the text describes where white males experience outsider status is
    • A. 

      When they become fathers

    • B. 

      When they are promoted

    • C. 

      When they are downsized

    • D. 

      When the divorce

  • 41. 
    When someone else imposes their definition of your status upon you, theya re refusing to grant you
    • A. 

      Stigma

    • B. 

      Subjectivity

    • C. 

      Objectivity

    • D. 

      Entitlement

  • 42. 
    26.  The social hierarchy appears to correspond to a scale of talent, capability and worth because
    • A. 

      Competition selects the most able for the most rewarded and responsible positions

    • B. 

      Disadvantaged persons give up the struggle to succeed

    • C. 

      The looping effects of social arrangements promote representatives of dominant cultural ideals

    • D. 

      Delayed gratification is easier for persons with advantages

  • 43. 
    What does DuBois (in o'brien) claim is the goal of 'negro' struggles?
    • A. 

      To be a successful business man

    • B. 

      To be a privledged citizen

    • C. 

      To be a creator of culture

    • D. 

      To be a free thinker

  • 44. 
    People make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly encountered, given and transmitted from the past. The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living”. This quotation from Marx (in O’Brien, pg.353) summarizes a central lesson of our class
    • A. 

      People have little choice but to do 'what their daddies have done' (Bruce Springsteen)

    • B. 

      Like tommy the engine, if someone thinks the can then they can

    • C. 

      We are born into other peoples live and meanings yet we make history by transformational hopes and practices

    • D. 

      Acceptance of the present is key to progress

  • 45. 
    26.  According to Chapkis (Patients, “Potheads,” and Dying to Get High), the Wo/Men’s Alliance for Medical Marijuana challenges the power of all BUT which of the following?
    • A. 

      The state/ government

    • B. 

      Medical professionals

    • C. 

      Recreational drug users

    • D. 

      The pharmaceutical industry

  • 46. 
    Which of the following involves the power of self-fulfilling prophecy
    • A. 

      Medicalization

    • B. 

      Disability

    • C. 

      Aging

    • D. 

      Schooling outcomes

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 47. 
    Self-fulfilling prophesy is part of
    • A. 

      Social selves

    • B. 

      Social reproduction

    • C. 

      Secularization

    • D. 

      Personal empowerment

  • 48. 
    The fulfillment of prophesies depends on:
    • A. 

      Beliefs-in-practice having consensual authority

    • B. 

      Dedication

    • C. 

      The power of mind over matter

    • D. 

      Consistency

  • 49. 
    Self-fulfilling prophesy is part of social change because
    • A. 

      Believed-in-meanings can produce plausibility through social practices

    • B. 

      Historical change is cyclical

    • C. 

      Cults can gain political power

    • D. 

      When you wish upon a star, your dreams come true

  • 50. 
    By talking back, bell hooks challenged
    • A. 

      Adults' definitions of the situation

    • B. 

      The symbolic meaning attached to children by adults

    • C. 

      The dramaturgical power of adults

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 51. 
    When bell hooks was growing up, the sharing of speech and recognition took place between
    • A. 

      Mother and child

    • B. 

      Mothers, sisters, and women friends

    • C. 

      Preacher and congregation

    • D. 

      Mother and male authority figure

  • 52. 
    The film- let each light shine: the camphill story-demonstrates that
    • A. 

      Medical services are more effective in community settings

    • B. 

      Disability is a permanent handicap but can be useful

    • C. 

      Life based on social cooperation reduces personhood

    • D. 

      Alternate social realities of work, disability, fulfillment, dignity become plausible through alternate social arrangements and meanings

  • 53. 
    Becker argues that hope is crucial in:
    • A. 

      Retaining a sense of esteem

    • B. 

      Maintaining continuity between past, present, and future

    • C. 

      Encouraging treatment

    • D. 

      Helping people adjust

  • 54. 
    Storied lives provide the capacity for
    • A. 

      Protecting the "inner" world from 'outer' conflicts

    • B. 

      Reducing the boredom of interactional routines

    • C. 

      Participation in becoming ourself

    • D. 

      Blockbuster disney films

  • 55. 
    54.  Having hope entails having the power to recollect/retell relational meanings which, in turn, positions oneself as:
    • A. 

      Managing impressions

    • B. 

      An author of one's life

    • C. 

      Protected from stigmatization

    • D. 

      An outsider

  • 56. 
    54.  Becker emphasizes the importance of small-scale communities regarding transformational hope because such alternative communities, such as Camphill, offer:
    • A. 

      Continuity by reinforcing the plausibility of narratives of difference and legitimatizing the critique of stories of normalcy

    • B. 

      Happiness as social differences are reduced in scale

    • C. 

      Efficiencies of scale in distributing care

    • D. 

      Improvements in administering services

  • 57. 
    A central lesson from the Becker text is that disruption 
    • A. 

      Tends to reduce people to objects

    • B. 

      Tends to initiate struggles between normalizing hopes and transformational hopes

    • C. 

      Distracts people from awareness of cultural institutions of meanings or myths

    • D. 

      Produces little life-long change

  • 58. 
    54.  Dynamics of social change and stability and of personal change and stability are:
    • A. 

      A. different because the former involves political power and the latter involves willpower

    • B. 

      B. different because the former involves many people and and latter involves oneselve

    • C. 

      C. common as both dynamics involve the looping effects of believed-in meanings and social practices

    • D. 

      Common because both involve the primacy of cultural meanings

  • 59. 
    Persons are not flat means that
    • A. 

      Events are not linear

    • B. 

      The multi-dimensions of persons emerge through the motions of doing, feeling, saying and imagining others

    • C. 

      There is more than one reality

    • D. 

      Disruption brings depth to the self

  • 60. 
    The lucifer effect illustrates the emergence of persons because
    • A. 

      Social arrangements and plausible situaltional meanings put into motion convergent possibilities for being oneself through cruelty and submission

    • B. 

      bad barrels permit bad people to dominate

    • C. 

      Prisons and other such settings encourage the emergence of social hierarchies

    • D. 

      Fictional settings allow people to act out impulses

  • 61. 
    54.  Revolution or systemic change, whether at the level of persons or societies, is usually the result of:
    • A. 

      Violent overthrow of the political elite

    • B. 

      B. a combination of systematic oppression, transformational hope and catalyzing events

    • C. 

      C. the most subjugated parts of society or the self rebelling against the most privileged

    • D. 

      Persons calculating their optimal interests

  • 62. 
    54.  People are often their own executioners – that is- collaborators in their oppression because
    • A. 

      Most people are ignorant and satisfied with the cultural status quo

    • B. 

      People tend to do what is easiest and withdraw from conflict

    • C. 

      Hegemonic power – the compulsion of normalcy – circulates through ways of being ourselves, such that resistance is felt as a loss of personal meanings

    • D. 

      People are often apathetic