Social Psychology Quiz! Trivia Exam

64 Questions | Total Attempts: 168

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Social Psychology Quiz! Trivia Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the focus of social psychology?
    • A. 

      How groups define and shape society.

    • B. 

      The actions of small groups of individuals.

    • C. 

      The behavior and thoughts of individuals.

    • D. 

      The effects that society has on group behaviors.

  • 2. 
    Kim knows she needs to go away to take summer courses, but she worries about leaving her new boyfriend for 3 months. She wonders, will "absence make the heart grow stronger" be true, or is "out of sight, out of mind" more applicable. What concept is illustrated by this example?
    • A. 

      The accuracy of common sayings.

    • B. 

      The complexity of jealousy.

    • C. 

      The need to rely on experience to determine action.

    • D. 

      The unscientific nature of conventional wisdom.

  • 3. 
    What does the evolutionary perspective on social psychology suggest?
    • A. 

      Much of our behavior is biologically determined and can not be consciously known.

    • B. 

      We cannot act counter to the drives established by our genetic inheritance.

    • C. 

      We are driven by our genes to act in specific ways in every social situation.

    • D. 

      We inherit tendencies or predispositions to behavior in certain ways.

  • 4. 
    What is the ideal self?
    • A. 

      A mental representation of the kind of person we actually are.

    • B. 

      A mental representation of the kind of person we would like to meet.

    • C. 

      A mental representation of the kind of person we would like to be.

    • D. 

      A mental representation of the kind of person we would like for our partner.

  • 5. 
    What do negative correlations indicate?
    • A. 

      One variable increases as the other decreases

    • B. 

      The relationship between two variables is very weak

    • C. 

      There is no meaningful relationship between two variables

    • D. 

      Two variables tend to decrease at the same time

  • 6. 
    Which of the following values would indicate the “strongest” correlation?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      .66

    • C. 

      + or - .33

    • D. 

      - .72

  • 7. 
    Research has shown a positive correlation between 1) The socio-economic status of the family of origin and 2) College graduation rates. Based on this information, what can we conclude?
    • A. 

      Having adequate financial resources from one’s family will cause a student to finish college

    • B. 

      Financial aid and student loans do not take the place of having strong financial backing from your family

    • C. 

      Students from wealthier families are more likely to complete college than students form to poorer families

    • D. 

      Students from poorer families have a more difficult time adjusting to college life and are not prepared academically

  • 8. 
    An experimenter exposes participants to different room temperature levels to determine the effect of temperature on aggression. Aggression is what type of variable?
    • A. 

      A confounding variable

    • B. 

      The control variable.

    • C. 

      The dependent variable.

    • D. 

      An independent variable

  • 9. 
    An experimenter has students work in a hot room or a cold room to determine the effect of temperature on test performance.   The different room temperature levels are what type of variable?
    • A. 

      A confounding variable

    • B. 

      The control variable.

    • C. 

      The dependent variable

    • D. 

      An independent variable

  • 10. 
    What is the process during which we interpret, analyze, remember, and use information about the social world known as?
    • A. 

      Automatic processing

    • B. 

      Encoding information

    • C. 

      Heuristic thinking

    • D. 

      Social cognition

  • 11. 
    In a now-famous study, Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) found that randomly selected elementary school students experienced a spurt in IQ score.  What was this largely as a result of?
    • A. 

      Educational strategies that raised the students’ self-esteem.

    • B. 

      Increased parental involvement and support.

    • C. 

      Intensified academic training.

    • D. 

      The teachers' elevated expectations.

  • 12. 
    What is belief that leads to the belief coming true called?
    • A. 

      Behavioral perseverance.

    • B. 

      Belief confirmation

    • C. 

      Self-confirming validity.

    • D. 

      Self-fulfilling prophecy.

  • 13. 
    What is the tendency to presume, sometimes despite contrary odds, that someone or something belongs to a particular group if that person resembles a typical group member? 
    • A. 

      Availability heuristic

    • B. 

      Matching heuristic

    • C. 

      Representativeness heuristic

    • D. 

      Vividness heuristic

  • 14. 
    What is assuming most crimes involve violence because the news seems to always report on rapes, robberies, and beatings an example of?
    • A. 

      Availability heuristic

    • B. 

      Matching heuristic

    • C. 

      Representativeness heuristic

    • D. 

      Vividness heuristic

  • 15. 
    You get an 89 on your social psychology examination and you think of all the possible things you could have done to get an A.  What is this example of?
    • A. 

      Counterfactual thinking.

    • B. 

      Explicit thinking.

    • C. 

      Implicit thinking.

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution

  • 16. 
    What is the act of increasing the availability of particular associations in memory  by exposure to specific stimuli called?
    • A. 

      Galvanization

    • B. 

      Initiation

    • C. 

      Priming

    • D. 

      Triggering

  • 17. 
    Having watched a particularly scary movie while she was home alone, Martha finds herself jumping at every sound her old house makes. What is this due to?     
    • A. 

      Her mood at the time

    • B. 

      Her schema of the house

    • C. 

      Being primed by the movie

    • D. 

      Anchoring and adjustment

  • 18. 
    Why are we more likely to remember positive information when we are in a positive mood? 
    • A. 

      Two-factor theory of emotion

    • B. 

      Mood congruence effects

    • C. 

      Affective state regulation

    • D. 

      The optimism bias

  • 19. 
    What are emblems?
    • A. 

      Misleading gestures in all cultures

    • B. 

      Macroexpressions of deception

    • C. 

      Cross-cultural signals

    • D. 

      Gestures with culture specific meanings

  • 20. 
    A fellow student is consistently late to class. You assume this is because he or she is lazy and unorganized. What type of attribution are you making for the other student's behavior?
    • A. 

      Dispositional

    • B. 

      External

    • C. 

      Motivational

    • D. 

      Situational

  • 21. 
    According to the attribution theorist Kelley (1973), what three types of information do we use when we make attributions for other people's behavior?
    • A. 

      Conformity, differentiation, and character

    • B. 

      Conformity, distinctiveness, and consensus

    • C. 

      Consistency, differentiation, and character

    • D. 

      Consistency, distinctiveness, and consensus

  • 22. 
    What is the tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositional influences on other people's behavior called?
    • A. 

      The dispositional assignment.

    • B. 

      The false consensus bias.

    • C. 

      . The fundamental attribution error.

    • D. 

      The misinformation effect

  • 23. 
    When Susan saw James slip and fall on a patch of ice, she assumed it was because James is clumsy, even though she had also just slipped on a patch of ice. What is this example of?
    • A. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • B. 

      An implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Augmenting principle

    • D. 

      A noncommon effect

  • 24. 
    Jones and Harris had students read debaters' speeches either supporting or attacking Cuban leader Fidel Castro. When the students were later told that the debater's position had been assigned, what did they do?
    • A. 

      They assumed the debater's position merely reflected the demands of the assignment.

    • B. 

      They concluded that the debate coach was an effective persuader.

    • C. 

      They concluded that to some extent the speech reflected the speaker's true beliefs.

    • D. 

      They described the speaker's position as poorly developed.

  • 25. 
    .   _____ is a basic form of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to evoke a reaction originally evoked by a different stimulus.
    • A. 

      Observational learning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Social learning

    • D. 

      Classical conditioning