Skills Fair 2013

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 49

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Skills Fair 2013

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the primary reason why blood moves from one location to another?
    • A. 

      Energy gradient

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Pressure gradient

    • D. 

      Systole

    • E. 

      Friction

  • 2. 
    What happens to the diaphragm when an individual breathes in?
    • A. 

      It ascends into the thorax

    • B. 

      It descends into the abdomen

  • 3. 
    What happens to the diaphragm when an individual breathes out?
    • A. 

      It ascends into the thorax

    • B. 

      It descends into the abdomen

  • 4. 
    Velocity of blood flow is inversely proportional to
    • A. 

      Viscocity

    • B. 

      Blood flow volume

    • C. 

      Cross sectional area

    • D. 

      Length

  • 5. 
    Which of the following adjustments would the therapist need to make on a ventilator to reduce a patient's PaCO2?
    • A. 

      Increase IPAP and maintain EPAP

    • B. 

      Decrease IPAP and maintain EPAP

    • C. 

      Maintain IPAP and increase EPAP

    • D. 

      Increase IPAP and EPAP by the same amount

  • 6. 
    The therapist is reviewing the chest x-ray of a newborn, preterm infant and observes diffuse, fine, reticulogranular densities, which provide a ground glass appearance.  On the basis of this x-ray, which of the following conditions should the therapist suspect is present?
    • A. 

      Persistant pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

    • B. 

      Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    • C. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • D. 

      Pulmonary interstitial emphysema

  • 7. 
    Which of the following cell types is responsible for producing pulmonary surfactant?
    • A. 

      Alveolar type I cells

    • B. 

      Alveolar type II cells

    • C. 

      Pulmonary interstitial cells

    • D. 

      Pulmonary capillary endothelial cells

  • 8. 
    While reviewing the chest X-ray of a newborn, the therapist observes the following features:
    • Pulmonary vascular congestion
    • Prominent perihilar streaking
    • Fluid in the interlobular fissures
    • Hyperexpansion
    • Flat diaphragm
    Which of the following conditions does this patient likely have?
    • A. 

      RDS

    • B. 

      Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

    • C. 

      Transient tachypnea of the newborn

    • D. 

      Barotrauma

  • 9. 
    Which of the following blood flow patterns occurs in complete transposition of the great arteries?
    • A. 

      The systemic venous blood passes through the right heart chambers and then to the body without flowing through the lungs

    • B. 

      The pulmonary venous blood traverses the left side of the heart and then returns to the systemic circulation

    • C. 

      When PVR increases relative to SVR, blood flow increases through the ductus arteriosus

    • D. 

      Systemic venous blood flows to the lungs after leaving the right ventricle

  • 10. 
    The ideal heart rate for a term newborn is __________per minute.
    • A. 

      60-80 beats

    • B. 

      80-100 beats

    • C. 

      100-120 beats

    • D. 

      140-180 beats

  • 11. 
    Which of the following medications is used to reverse respiratory depression induced by opioid overdose?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Naloxone

    • C. 

      Sodium bicarbonate

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 12. 
    The most important method of capillary exchange is simple diffusion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Which of the following would not increase vascular resistance?  1. vasodilation 2. polycythemia 3. obesity 4. dehydration 5. anemia
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      1,3 and 4

    • C. 

      1 and 5

    • D. 

      1,4 and 5

    • E. 

      1

  • 14. 
    ___________ states that gas volume is inversely proportional to pressure,
    • A. 

      Cowell's Law

    • B. 

      Murphy's Law

    • C. 

      Starling's Law

    • D. 

      Boyle's Law

    • E. 

      David's Law

  • 15. 
    _____________is the amount of air that can be inspired above and beyond the normal tidal volume.
    • A. 

      Expiratory Reserve Volume

    • B. 

      Residual Volume

    • C. 

      Inspiratory Reserve Volume

    • D. 

      Functional Reserve Volume

    • E. 

      Inspiratory Capacity

  • 16. 
    The volume of air remaining in the lungs at all times is called.
    • A. 

      Functional Reserve Volume

    • B. 

      Vital Capacity

    • C. 

      Expiratory Reserve Volume

    • D. 

      Residual Volume

    • E. 

      Inspiratory Capacity

  • 17. 
    The sum of all volumes of air that can exist at one time in the lungs is known as ______________.
    • A. 

      Vital Capacity

    • B. 

      Total Lung Capacity

    • C. 

      Residual Volume

    • D. 

      Inspiratory Capacity

    • E. 

      Functional Residual Capacity

  • 18. 
    During PC-CMV, a change in _______or rate is needed to correct for respiratory alkalosis or acidosis.
    • A. 

      I- time

    • B. 

      Pressure Limit

    • C. 

      VT

    • D. 

      Either I-time or pressure limit

  • 19. 
    What is this waveform telling you?
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Auto-Peep

    • C. 

      Flow starvation

    • D. 

      Auto-cycling

  • 20. 
    What is this heart rhythm?
    • A. 

      SVT

    • B. 

      V-Tach

    • C. 

      A-fib

    • D. 

      Junctional

  • 21. 
    Rupture of the innominate artery can occur and is most often noticed with_______.
    • A. 

      Tracheostomy tubes

    • B. 

      Endotracheal tubes

    • C. 

      Heated wire circuits

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery line

  • 22. 
    The time spent suctioning is brief and must not exceed 15 seconds.  Suction is applied intermittently rather than continuously, and the catheter is rotated as it is withdrawn.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The proper order of reviewing an ABG is:
    • A. 

      PaCO2. pH, PaO2, HCO3

    • B. 

      PH, PaO2, PaCO2, HCO3

    • C. 

      PH, HCO3, PaCO2, PaO2

    • D. 

      PH, PaCO2, HCO3, PaO2

  • 24. 
    When evaluating a PA film of the chest, you note that the right costophrenic angles are blunted.  What does this suggest?
    • A. 

      Pneomothorax

    • B. 

      Presence of an infiltrate in the right lower lobe

    • C. 

      Presence of atelectasis in the right base

    • D. 

      Presence of a pleural effusion on the right.

  • 25. 
    The following data is collected from a patient on mechanical ventilation.  No settings have been changed when the data is recorded:     Time                                   Peak Pressure                Plateau Pressure 2PM                                             50                                  44 4PM                                             50                                  35   At 4PM the correct interpretation of this data is:  
    • A. 

      The patient's airflow resistance is increasing

    • B. 

      The patient's airflow resistance is decreasing

    • C. 

      The patient's lung compliance is increasing

    • D. 

      The patient's lung compliance is decreasing