Chapters 9-11 Test

31 Questions

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Chapters 9-11 Test

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The problem-solving/design process in technology ____.
    • A. 

      Is used in cases of attempting to satisfy people’s technological needs and wants

    • B. 

      Can be helpful in solving problems

    • C. 

      Can be used to make improvements

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a main step in the universal problem-solving process?
    • A. 

      Evaluate the plan.

    • B. 

      Devise a plan for solving the problem.

    • C. 

      Build a model.

    • D. 

      Develop an understanding of the problem.

  • 3. 
    The first major phase of solving technological problems, which involves defining the problem and gathering information, is called ____.
    • A. 

      Evaluating the solution

    • B. 

      Developing the solution

    • C. 

      Identifying the problem

    • D. 

      Communicating the solution

  • 4. 
    The second major phase of solving technological problems, which involves brainstorming and isolating, refining, and detailing the best solution, is called ____.
    • A. 

      Developing the solution

    • B. 

      Communicating the solution

    • C. 

      Evaluating the solution

    • D. 

      Identifying the problem

  • 5. 
    The third major phase of solving technological problems, which involves modeling and selecting the best solution, is called ____.
    • A. 

      Communicating the solution

    • B. 

      Evaluating the solution

    • C. 

      Identifying the problem

    • D. 

      Developing the solution

  • 6. 
    The fourth major phase of solving technological problems, which involves interpreting and presenting the solution, is called ____.
    • A. 

      Identifying the problem

    • B. 

      Developing the solution

    • C. 

      Communicating the solution

    • D. 

      Evaluating the solution

  • 7. 
    Which of the following should be completed when defining a problem or opportunity?
    • A. 

      Describing the situation that needs a technological solution.

    • B. 

      Establishing the criteria and constraints under which the artifact or system must operate.

    • C. 

      Both A and B.

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B.

  • 8. 
    Which type of criteria and constraints establishes the cost-benefit ratio for the device or system?
    • A. 

      Environmental

    • B. 

      Financial

    • C. 

      Market

    • D. 

      Technical/engineering

  • 9. 
    Which type of criteria and constraints describes the resources available for producing the device or system?
    • A. 

      Financial

    • B. 

      Market

    • C. 

      Environmental

    • D. 

      Production

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is a method that can be used to gather information?
    • A. 

      Historical methods.

    • B. 

      Descriptive methods.

    • C. 

      Experimental methods.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 11. 
    Designers using ____ methods to gather information obtain information from existing records.
    • A. 

      Historical

    • B. 

      Technological

    • C. 

      Scientific

    • D. 

      Experimental

  • 12. 
    Designers using ____ methods to gather information record observations about the present conditions.
    • A. 

      Scientific

    • B. 

      Legal

    • C. 

      Descriptive

    • D. 

      Technological

  • 13. 
    Designers using ____ methods hold one condition constant while another is varied, in order to compare different conditions.
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Experimental

    • C. 

      Technological

    • D. 

      Historical

  • 14. 
    A(n) ____________________ chart can be used to divide a design problem or opportunity into segments to develop solutions more easily.
  • 15. 
    A classification chart is often developed as a(n) ____________________ chart, with each level having branches below it.
  • 16. 
    The word ____________________ means “equal measure.”
  • 17. 
    A(n) ____________________ sketch shows the front view of an object, as if a person was looking directly at it.
  • 18. 
    Designers use ____________________ sketching when the top, sides, and front of an object are equally important.
  • 19. 
    In a(n) ____________________-point perspective drawing, all lines extend away from the viewing plane and converge at one point.
  • 20. 
    A(n) ____________________-point perspective shows how an object would appear if you stood at one corner.
  • 21. 
    A(n) ____________________-point perspective drawing shows how the eye sees the length, width, and height of an object.
  • 22. 
    Refined sketches can be created by merging ideas from two or more ____________________ sketches.
  • 23. 
    A(n) ____________________ sketch is one in which the design is incomplete and unrefined.
  • 24. 
    An appearance model is also called a prototype.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Mathematical models show the relationship between people, actions, or operations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Play diagrams show how parts move through a manufacturing facility.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Most technological artifacts and structures are developed by private companies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Flow charts track storms and space flights and predict ocean currents and land erosion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Outside environmental conditions are a factor of functional analysis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Products are often judged based on their return on investment (ROI).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Computers “think” of surface models as solids.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False