Science - Geology

35 Questions

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    __________ is the study of Earth's structures, materials, and processes.
  • 2. 
    _______________ is the belief that all geologic processes are natural, have always been the same, and have always happened at the same gradual rate. It is not a strongly held principle today.
  • 3. 
    The idea that the earth is billions of years old is called the _____________.
  • 4. 
    The _______ is the earth's solid, outermost layer of rock that lies under the loose surface materials and the oceans.
  • 5. 
    The boundary between the earth's crust and its mantle.
  • 6. 
    The ______ is the hot, melting rock that fills the earth's interior between the crust and the core. It takes up 84% of the earth's volume. 
  • 7. 
    The combination of the upper mantle and the crust that moves with tectonic plates.
  • 8. 
    Any raw material from the natural environment that we use or can use.
  • 9. 
    A ________________ is a natural resource that can't be replenished and so it is used up. 
  • 10. 
    A _________________ is a natural resource that has an unlimited supply or is easily replenished. 
  • 11. 
    The dense, extremely hot central region of the earth's interior. 
  • 12. 
    _____________________ are efforts to oversee and wisely control the use of natural resources.
  • 13. 
    _________ refers to anything related to earthquakes or the movement of the earth's crust.
  • 14. 
    A section of the earth's crust that has tectonic boundaries and moves as a unit compared to other regions of crust. 
  • 15. 
    Which scientist came up with the idea of uniformitarianism?
    • A. 

      James Hutton

    • B. 

      Charles Lyell

    • C. 

      John Whitcomb Jr.

    • D. 

      Henry Morris Sr.

    • E. 

      Andrija Mohorocivic

  • 16. 
    Which scientist is called the "Father of Geology"?
    • A. 

      James Hutton

    • B. 

      Charles Lyell

    • C. 

      John Whitcomb Jr.

    • D. 

      Henry Morris Sr.

    • E. 

      Andrija Mohorocivic

  • 17. 
    Which two scientists wrote the book The Genesis Flood, which argued there was scientific evidence to support the truth of a great flood. 
    • A. 

      James Hutton

    • B. 

      Charles Lyell

    • C. 

      John Whitcomb Jr.

    • D. 

      Henry Morris Sr.

    • E. 

      Andrija Mohorocivic

  • 18. 
    Which scientist was a famous seismologist that discovered the Moho boundary? 
    • A. 

      James Hutton

    • B. 

      Charles Lyell

    • C. 

      John Whitcomb Jr.

    • D. 

      Henry Morris Sr.

    • E. 

      Andrija Mohorocivic

  • 19. 
    Check all of the following that are biological resources
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Oil

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Trees

    • E. 

      Hay

    • F. 

      Water

    • G. 

      Air

  • 20. 
    Check all of the following that are non-biological resources
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Oil

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Trees

    • E. 

      Hay

    • F. 

      Water

    • G. 

      Air

  • 21. 
    Choose all of the following that are renewable resources.
    • A. 

      Natural gas

    • B. 

      Wind power

    • C. 

      Solar energy

    • D. 

      Coal

    • E. 

      Hydropower

    • F. 

      Oil

  • 22. 
    Choose all of the following that are nonrenewable resources.
    • A. 

      Natural gas

    • B. 

      Wind power

    • C. 

      Solar energy

    • D. 

      Coal

    • E. 

      Hydropower

    • F. 

      Oil

  • 23. 
    Which of the following are evidences for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • B. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • C. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • D. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

    • E. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • F. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • G. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • H. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • I. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • J. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • K. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • L. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • M. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • N. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

  • 24. 
    How does Earth's mass and structure show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • B. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • C. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • D. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

    • E. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • F. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • G. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • H. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • I. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • J. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • K. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • L. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • M. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • N. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

  • 25. 
    How does Earth's tilt and rotation show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • B. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • C. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • D. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

    • E. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • F. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • G. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • H. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • I. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • J. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • K. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • L. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • M. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • N. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

  • 26. 
    How does the presence of liquid water on Earth show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • B. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • C. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • D. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

    • E. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • F. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • G. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • H. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • I. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • J. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • K. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • L. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • M. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • N. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

  • 27. 
    How does the Earth's atmosphere show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • B. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • C. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • D. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • E. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • F. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • G. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • H. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • I. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • J. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

    • K. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • L. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • M. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • N. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

  • 28. 
    How does the Earth's magnetic field show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • B. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • C. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • D. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • E. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • F. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • G. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • H. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • I. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • J. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

    • K. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • L. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • M. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • N. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

  • 29. 
    How does the sun show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • B. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • C. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • D. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • E. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • F. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • G. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • H. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • I. 

      The Earth's place in the solar system protects it from comets and asteroids

    • J. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

    • K. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • L. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • M. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • N. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

  • 30. 
    How does the Earth's place in the solar system show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • B. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • C. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • D. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • E. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • F. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • G. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • H. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • I. 

      The Earth is shielded by the gas giants which protects it from comets and asteroids

    • J. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

    • K. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • L. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • M. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • N. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

  • 31. 
    How does the Earth's place in the Milky Way show evidence for design?
    • A. 

      The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has liquid water on the surface

    • B. 

      The Earth has an atmosphere

    • C. 

      The Earth is the only planet with a transparent atmosphere that allows for light to reach the surface

    • D. 

      The Earth's atmosphere protects from meteors, comets, and harmful UV rays

    • E. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has the perfect amount of oxygen necessary for life

    • F. 

      The Earth's magnetic field stops dangerous radiation from reaching the surface

    • G. 

      The sun's mass and composition is perfect for plants to photosynthesize

    • H. 

      The Earth is positioned in the Sun's habitability zone

    • I. 

      The Earth is shielded by the gas giants which protects it from comets and asteroids

    • J. 

      The Earth's place in the Milky Way galaxy is perfect for life because it is not too close to the black hole at the center of the earth or at the edge of the spiral arms where stars are exploding.

    • K. 

      The Earth has just the right amount of gravity on its surface due to its size.

    • L. 

      The Earth is rare because it has a solid surface of tectonic plates that allowed for diverse human cultures

    • M. 

      The Earth is tilted exactly so that it gets heat more evenly from the Sun.

    • N. 

      The Earth's speed of rotation is perfect for life to grow

  • 32. 
    Geologists look at a rock's ____________ and ______________ to explain how a rock formed in the past
  • 33. 
    How does Genesis 8:22 ("He continues to regulate His creation so that it is a stable place") relate to the principle of uniformity?
  • 34. 
    What 2 biblical events do secular scientist ignore?
  • 35. 
    Geologists learn about the presence of layers on the earth's interior through __________.