SAT II American History

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 19

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American History Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is designed to help the student prepare for the sat II in American History.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Who is Christopher Columbus?
    • A. 

      Italian born navigator who is famous for landing in the Americas in 1492. His ships were the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria.

    • B. 

      Columbus planned to find a water route to Asia; he was convinced he had found the waterway and thought that the Americas were an extension of China.

    • C. 

      He returned from his expedition with gold and encouraged future exploration.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 2. 
    Who is Amerigo Vespucci?
    • A. 

      He was an Italian member of a Portuguese expedition.

    • B. 

      He explored the tip of Africa and his discovery suggested that he had found a New World.

    • C. 

      After an account of Vespucci's 1497 expediton was published, a cartographer mistakenly thought that Vespucci had led the expedition and had landed in the New World before Christopher Columbus; the cartographer named the continent America.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and C only.

  • 3. 
    What is the Treaty of Torsesillas
    • A. 

      Commitment between Spain and Italy.

    • B. 

      Created a Papal Line of Demarcation, which divided the New World; east of the line for Italy and west of it for Spain.

    • C. 

      Later, the Papal Line affected colonization in Africa and Asia.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      All of the above except that the agreement was between Spain and Portugal.

  • 4. 
    What is New Spain?
    • A. 

      The area in Central America where the Spanish conquered the Aztecs.

    • B. 

      Spain's tightly controlled empire in the New World.

    • C. 

      To deal with labor shortages, the Spaniards used encomiendas, large manors, using Native American slaves. Later, when the Native Americans died, African Americans were used for labor.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      B and C only.

  • 5. 
    What is mercantilism?
    • A. 

      1600s economic philosophy that held that the colonies existed to serve the mother country and founded on the belief that the world's wealth was sharply limited and therefore, one nation's gain was another nation's loss.

    • B. 

      Each nation's goal was to export more than it imported to increase the nation both economically and militarily.

    • C. 

      Mercantilists believed that economic activity should not be regulated by the government.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 6. 
    Who was Queen Elizabeth?
    • A. 

      Protestant successor to Queen Mary (England).

    • B. 

      Popular leader and the first woman to successfully hold the throne.

    • C. 

      Invested in English raids on the Spanish New World and brought on a war response from Spain in the form of the Spanish Armada.

    • D. 

      Established protestantism in England and encouraged English business.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 7. 
    What is the Spanish Armada?
    • A. 

      Fleet assembled by King Philip II of Spain to invade England and its defeat helped bring about the decline of the Spanish empire.

    • B. 

      The Armada was defeated by the skill of British military leaders and by rough seas during the assault.

    • C. 

      England's victory over Spanish forces established England as an emerging sea power and it was one of the great achievements of Queen Mary.

    • D. 

      A and B only.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 8. 
    What were the types of colonies in the new world?
    • A. 

      A charter colony is where the colonists were essentially members of a corporation and based on an agreed upon charter, electors among the colonists would contral the government.

    • B. 

      A royal colony had a governor selected by England's king; he would serve in the leadership role and choose additional, lesser officers.

    • C. 

      A proprietary colony was owned by an individual with direct responsibility to the king; the proprietor selected a governor, who served as the authority figure for the property.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      B and C only.

  • 9. 
    What is English Puritanism?
    • A. 

      Movement by those who wished to reform the Church of England; Puritans was calvinists in their religious belief - the authority of the scripture over papal authority.

    • B. 

      Though King Henry VIII separated from Rome and papal authority and created the Church of England, there were still many roman catholic traditions that the Puritans sought to reject and make the English Church pure.

    • C. 

      Puritanism was reflected in American culture in the ideas of self-reliance, moral fortitude, and an emphasis on intellectualism.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 10. 
    What was the Dutch West India Company?
    • A. 

      The joint stock company that ran the colonies in Fort Orange and New Amsterdam, which later became New York.

    • B. 

      Carried on a profitable fur trade with the Native American Shinnecocks.

    • C. 

      Instituted the patroon system, in which large estates were given to wealthy men who transported at least fifty families to New Netherland to tend the land; few took the opportunity.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and C only.

  • 11. 
    Who was Sir Walter Raleigh?
    • A. 

      In 1587, Raleigh selected Roanoke Island as a site for the first English settlement and after returning to England to secure additional supplies, he found the colony deserted (it is still not known what happened to the colony).

    • B. 

      Raleigh abandoned his attempts to colonize Virginia after his failure and English interest in the Americas was halted for 15 years because of low financial resources and the war with Spain.

    • C. 

      After the failure at Roanoke, Raleigh tried to settle the area in the early 1600s

    • D. 

      A and B only.

    • E. 

      A and C only.

  • 12. 
    What was St. Augustine, Florida known for in 1598?
    • A. 

      The first permanent European settlement in what would become the USA.

    • B. 

      French Huguenots formed a colony near modern day St. Augustine in 1587 to practice protestantism.

    • C. 

      France, which oversaw Florida, sent a force to the settlement to massacre its inhabitants, because the Huguenots were viewed as heretics by the Catholic Church.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 13. 
    What were charter colonies (Joint stock) and what was starving time?
    • A. 

      Charter colonies were associations that sought trade, exploration and colonization overseas; Jamestown was the first charter colony in 1607.

    • B. 

      Starving time describes a period in the 1600s during which many colonists died and others considered returning to England.

    • C. 

      The charters were issued by the British royalty.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 14. 
    What was Jamestown?
    • A. 

      Established in 1607, the Virginia Company of London settled Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement.

    • B. 

      James I, 1566 - 1625 (successor to Queen Elizabeth) granted the charter for Jamestown and it was named after him.

    • C. 

      John Smith's leadership kept it from collapsing despite hostile relations with the Native Americans and swampy location, causing disease and water contamination.

    • D. 

      In 1619, African slaves arrived at Jamestown, becoming the first group of slaves to reach a British settlement.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 15. 
    What is the indenture system?
    • A. 

      Poor workers, convicted criminals, and debtors received immigration passage and fees in return for a number of years at labor on behalf of a planter or company.

    • B. 

      Servants entered into their contracts involuntarily and kept some legal rights.

    • C. 

      Servants had little control over the conditions of their work and living arrangements; system led to harsh and brutal treatment.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and C only.

  • 16. 
    Who was John Rolfe?
    • A. 

      Spanish colonist in Jamestown, Virginia

    • B. 

      Married Pocahontas.

    • C. 

      Created process for curing tobacco, ensuring economic success for Jamestown.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      B and C only.

  • 17. 
    What was the House of Burgesses?
    • A. 

      In 1619, this was a representative assembly in Virginia. It was the first representative house in America.

    • B. 

      Election to a seat was limited to the voting members of the charter colony, which was free to all men, but later required that a man owned 50 acres.

    • C. 

      Instituted private ownership of land and maintained rights of the colonists.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A only.

  • 18. 
    Who were the first families of Virginia?
    • A. 

      Wealthy and socially prominent families in Virginia who by 1776 had been in America for four to five generations.

    • B. 

      Included the Lees, Carters and Fitzhughs.

    • C. 

      Included the Lees, Carters, Fitzhughs and Campbells

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 19. 
    What is the headright system?
    • A. 

      System used by the Virginia Company to attract colonists; it promised them parcels of land (50 acres) to emigrate to America.

    • B. 

      It gave nearly fifty acres for each servant that a colonist brought, allowing the wealthy to obtain large tracts of land.

    • C. 

      It was introduced in 1618.

    • D. 

      A only.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 20. 
    Who were the Separatists and what was Plymouth?
    • A. 

      Separatists were Puritans who felt they must separate from the Church of England; one group went to Holland and then to America.

    • B. 

      They traveled to America on the Mayflower, became known as Pilgrims (voyagers seeking to fulfill a religious mission) in 1620 and landed in Provincetown Harbor, settling in what became Plymouth, Massachusetts.

    • C. 

      Before landing in the New World, the Pilgrims formed the Mayflower Compact, which provided for government by the majority and William Bradford served as Plymouth's colony first governor.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      All of the above, but William Campbell was their first governor.

  • 21. 
    What was the Massachusetts Bay Company?
    • A. 

      Joint stock company chartered by a group of Puritans escaping King James I, led by John Winthrop who taught that the new colony should be a model Christian society.

    • B. 

      These puritans organized their venture and upon arriving in Massachusetts in 1629, they did not have any "starving time".

    • C. 

      The government of Massachusetts developed to include a governor and a representative assembly.

    • D. 

      A and B only.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 22. 
    What was Delaware like in 1631?
    • A. 

      Dutch Patroons established the first settlement in Delaware in 1631 which was destroyed by Native American attacks.

    • B. 

      The Dutch West India Company and Dutchmen, including Peter Minuit, began to trade and settle in Delaware during the mid to late 1630s.

    • C. 

      Between 1664 and 1674, Delaware switched between Dutch and English ownership, ending with Dutch ownership in 1674.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      All of the above, except Delaware ended with English ownership in 1674.

  • 23. 
    Who were the Proprietors in Maryland in the 1630s?
    • A. 

      Proprietors owned colonies, with direct responsibility to the king, providing the opportunity for Royal control and to decrease the practice of granting charters for charter colonies.

    • B. 

      Proprietary colonies turned out like charter colonies because the settlers insisted on self government.

    • C. 

      In 1632, under George Calvert (Lord Baltimore), Maryland became the first proprietary colony as a refuge for English Catholics. Calvert's son encouraged religious toleration and established a representative assembly.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 24. 
    Who was Anne Hutchinson?
    • A. 

      In 1638, she was found to be a witch and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. With her followers, she founded Portsmouth, in the Aquidneck region, now known as Rhode Island.

    • B. 

      She claimed to have had special revelations from God, that superceded the bible and was contrary to the Puritan doctrine; she was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. With her followers, she founded Portsmouth, in the Aquidneck region, now known as Rhode Island.

    • C. 

      The leadership of New England accused her of antinomian teachings (belief that salvation is attained through faith and divine grace and not through strict adherance to rules or moral laws).

    • D. 

      A and C.

    • E. 

      B and C.

  • 25. 
    In Rhode Island from 1603 to 1683, who was Roger Williams?
    • A. 

      Williams was a Catholic who fled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after his views became too extreme for the colonists.

    • B. 

      Williams was a Puritan preacher who fled Massachusetts after his view became too extreme for the colonists.

    • C. 

      Williams bought land from the Native Americans and founded Providence in 1636; Rhode Island formed from a combination of Providence, Portsmouth and other settlements and through Williams, the colony granted complete religious toleration. It tended to be populated by exiles and was known a "Rogue's Island".

    • D. 

      A and C.

    • E. 

      B and C.

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