SAT II American History

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SAT II American History - Quiz

This quiz is designed to help the student prepare for the sat II in American History.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      Italian born navigator who is famous for landing in the Americas in 1492. His ships were the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria.

    • B.

      Columbus planned to find a water route to Asia; he was convinced he had found the waterway and thought that the Americas were an extension of China.

    • C.

      He returned from his expedition with gold and encouraged future exploration.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and B only.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Christopher Columbus was an Italian-born navigator who is famous for landing in the Americas in 1492. He embarked on his expedition with the intention of finding a water route to Asia, believing that he had discovered such a route and that the Americas were an extension of China. Columbus returned from his expedition with gold and his discoveries encouraged future exploration. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 2. 

    Who is Amerigo Vespucci?

    • A.

      He was an Italian member of a Portuguese expedition.

    • B.

      He explored the tip of Africa and his discovery suggested that he had found a New World.

    • C.

      After an account of Vespucci's 1497 expediton was published, a cartographer mistakenly thought that Vespucci had led the expedition and had landed in the New World before Christopher Columbus; the cartographer named the continent America.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and C only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and C only.
    Explanation
    Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian member of a Portuguese expedition who explored the tip of Africa and his discovery suggested that he had found a New World. After an account of Vespucci's 1497

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  • 3. 

    What is the Treaty of Torsesillas

    • A.

      Commitment between Spain and Italy.

    • B.

      Created a Papal Line of Demarcation, which divided the New World; east of the line for Italy and west of it for Spain.

    • C.

      Later, the Papal Line affected colonization in Africa and Asia.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above except that the agreement was between Spain and Portugal.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above except that the agreement was between Spain and Portugal.
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was a commitment between Spain and Portugal, not Spain and Italy. It created a Papal Line of Demarcation that divided the New World, with territories to the east of the line belonging to Portugal and those to the west belonging to Spain. This agreement later influenced colonization in Africa and Asia. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above except that the agreement was between Spain and Portugal."

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  • 4. 

    What is New Spain?

    • A.

      The area in Central America where the Spanish conquered the Aztecs.

    • B.

      Spain's tightly controlled empire in the New World.

    • C.

      To deal with labor shortages, the Spaniards used encomiendas, large manors, using Native American slaves. Later, when the Native Americans died, African Americans were used for labor.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      B and C only.

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C only.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B and C only. This is because New Spain refers to Spain's tightly controlled empire in the New World, which included Central America where the Spanish conquered the Aztecs. Additionally, to address labor shortages, the Spaniards used encomiendas and later African Americans for labor. Therefore, options B and C accurately describe New Spain.

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  • 5. 

    What is mercantilism?

    • A.

      1600s economic philosophy that held that the colonies existed to serve the mother country and founded on the belief that the world's wealth was sharply limited and therefore, one nation's gain was another nation's loss.

    • B.

      Each nation's goal was to export more than it imported to increase the nation both economically and militarily.

    • C.

      Mercantilists believed that economic activity should not be regulated by the government.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and B only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only.
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is an economic philosophy that emerged in the 1600s. It believed that the colonies existed to serve the mother country and that the world's wealth was limited. According to mercantilists, one nation's gain came at the expense of another nation. The goal of each nation was to export more than it imported in order to strengthen the nation both economically and militarily. However, contrary to the last statement, mercantilists believed that economic activity should be regulated by the government. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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  • 6. 

    Who was Queen Elizabeth?

    • A.

      Protestant successor to Queen Mary (England).

    • B.

      Popular leader and the first woman to successfully hold the throne.

    • C.

      Invested in English raids on the Spanish New World and brought on a war response from Spain in the form of the Spanish Armada.

    • D.

      Established protestantism in England and encouraged English business.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Queen Elizabeth was a Protestant successor to Queen Mary in England. She was a popular leader and the first woman to successfully hold the throne. She invested in English raids on the Spanish New World, which led to a war response from Spain in the form of the Spanish Armada. She also established Protestantism in England and encouraged English business. Therefore, all of the above statements are true about Queen Elizabeth.

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  • 7. 

    What is the Spanish Armada?

    • A.

      Fleet assembled by King Philip II of Spain to invade England and its defeat helped bring about the decline of the Spanish empire.

    • B.

      The Armada was defeated by the skill of British military leaders and by rough seas during the assault.

    • C.

      England's victory over Spanish forces established England as an emerging sea power and it was one of the great achievements of Queen Mary.

    • D.

      A and B only.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B only.
    Explanation
    The Spanish Armada was a fleet assembled by King Philip II of Spain with the intention of invading England. It was ultimately defeated by a combination of the skill of British military leaders and the rough seas during the assault. This defeat played a significant role in the decline of the Spanish empire. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only, as both statements A and B provide accurate information about the Spanish Armada and its defeat.

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  • 8. 

    What were the types of colonies in the new world?

    • A.

      A charter colony is where the colonists were essentially members of a corporation and based on an agreed upon charter, electors among the colonists would contral the government.

    • B.

      A royal colony had a governor selected by England's king; he would serve in the leadership role and choose additional, lesser officers.

    • C.

      A proprietary colony was owned by an individual with direct responsibility to the king; the proprietor selected a governor, who served as the authority figure for the property.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      B and C only.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the question asks for the types of colonies in the new world and all three options listed (charter colony, royal colony, and proprietary colony) were indeed types of colonies in the new world.

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  • 9. 

    What is English Puritanism?

    • A.

      Movement by those who wished to reform the Church of England; Puritans was calvinists in their religious belief - the authority of the scripture over papal authority.

    • B.

      Though King Henry VIII separated from Rome and papal authority and created the Church of England, there were still many roman catholic traditions that the Puritans sought to reject and make the English Church pure.

    • C.

      Puritanism was reflected in American culture in the ideas of self-reliance, moral fortitude, and an emphasis on intellectualism.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    English Puritanism was a movement that aimed to reform the Church of England by rejecting Roman Catholic traditions and emphasizing the authority of scripture over papal authority. This movement was influenced by Calvinist religious beliefs. The ideas of self-reliance, moral fortitude, and intellectualism, which were reflected in American culture, were also associated with Puritanism. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 10. 

    What was the Dutch West India Company?

    • A.

      The joint stock company that ran the colonies in Fort Orange and New Amsterdam, which later became New York.

    • B.

      Carried on a profitable fur trade with the Native American Shinnecocks.

    • C.

      Instituted the patroon system, in which large estates were given to wealthy men who transported at least fifty families to New Netherland to tend the land; few took the opportunity.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and C only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and C only.
    Explanation
    The Dutch West India Company was a joint stock company that ran the colonies in Fort Orange and New Amsterdam, which later became New York. It also instituted the patroon system, in which large estates were given to wealthy men who transported at least fifty families to New Netherland to tend the land. Few wealthy men took the opportunity to establish large estates, resulting in limited success for the patroon system. Therefore, the correct answer is A and C only.

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  • 11. 

    Who was Sir Walter Raleigh?

    • A.

      In 1587, Raleigh selected Roanoke Island as a site for the first English settlement and after returning to England to secure additional supplies, he found the colony deserted (it is still not known what happened to the colony).

    • B.

      Raleigh abandoned his attempts to colonize Virginia after his failure and English interest in the Americas was halted for 15 years because of low financial resources and the war with Spain.

    • C.

      After the failure at Roanoke, Raleigh tried to settle the area in the early 1600s

    • D.

      A and B only.

    • E.

      A and C only.

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B only.
    Explanation
    Sir Walter Raleigh was an English explorer and soldier who is known for his attempts to establish English colonies in the Americas. He selected Roanoke Island as a site for the first English settlement in 1587, but when he returned from England with additional supplies, he found the colony deserted. The fate of the colony remains unknown. After this failure, Raleigh abandoned his attempts to colonize Virginia for 15 years due to financial constraints and the war with Spain. In the early 1600s, he made another attempt to settle the area. Therefore, the correct answer, A and B only, accurately reflects Raleigh's actions and history.

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  • 12. 

    What was St. Augustine, Florida known for in 1598?

    • A.

      The first permanent European settlement in what would become the USA.

    • B.

      French Huguenots formed a colony near modern day St. Augustine in 1587 to practice protestantism.

    • C.

      France, which oversaw Florida, sent a force to the settlement to massacre its inhabitants, because the Huguenots were viewed as heretics by the Catholic Church.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and B only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only.
    Explanation
    In 1598, St. Augustine, Florida was known for being the first permanent European settlement in what would become the USA. French Huguenots had formed a colony near modern-day St. Augustine in 1587 to practice Protestantism. However, the answer does not include the information about France sending a force to massacre the inhabitants of the settlement due to the Huguenots being viewed as heretics by the Catholic Church. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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  • 13. 

    What were charter colonies (Joint stock) and what was starving time?

    • A.

      Charter colonies were associations that sought trade, exploration and colonization overseas; Jamestown was the first charter colony in 1607.

    • B.

      Starving time describes a period in the 1600s during which many colonists died and others considered returning to England.

    • C.

      The charters were issued by the British royalty.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Charter colonies were associations that sought trade, exploration, and colonization overseas, and Jamestown was the first charter colony in 1607. Starving time refers to a period in the 1600s when many colonists died and others contemplated returning to England. The charters for these colonies were issued by the British royalty. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all the statements mentioned are true.

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  • 14. 

    What was Jamestown?

    • A.

      Established in 1607, the Virginia Company of London settled Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement.

    • B.

      James I, 1566 - 1625 (successor to Queen Elizabeth) granted the charter for Jamestown and it was named after him.

    • C.

      John Smith's leadership kept it from collapsing despite hostile relations with the Native Americans and swampy location, causing disease and water contamination.

    • D.

      In 1619, African slaves arrived at Jamestown, becoming the first group of slaves to reach a British settlement.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America, established in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London. It was named after King James I, who granted the charter for the settlement. Despite challenges such as hostile relations with Native Americans and a swampy location causing disease and water contamination, the leadership of John Smith kept Jamestown from collapsing. Additionally, in 1619, Jamestown became the first British settlement to receive African slaves. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 15. 

    What is the indenture system?

    • A.

      Poor workers, convicted criminals, and debtors received immigration passage and fees in return for a number of years at labor on behalf of a planter or company.

    • B.

      Servants entered into their contracts involuntarily and kept some legal rights.

    • C.

      Servants had little control over the conditions of their work and living arrangements; system led to harsh and brutal treatment.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and C only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and C only.
    Explanation
    The indenture system refers to a labor system where poor workers, convicted criminals, and debtors would receive immigration passage and fees in exchange for a certain number of years of labor on behalf of a planter or company. Servants who entered into these contracts did so involuntarily but still retained some legal rights. However, they had little control over the conditions of their work and living arrangements, which often led to harsh and brutal treatment. The correct answer, "A and C only," indicates that both options A (poor workers, convicted criminals, and debtors receiving immigration passage and fees) and C (servants experiencing harsh and brutal treatment) are accurate statements about the indenture system.

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  • 16. 

    Who was John Rolfe?

    • A.

      Spanish colonist in Jamestown, Virginia

    • B.

      Married Pocahontas.

    • C.

      Created process for curing tobacco, ensuring economic success for Jamestown.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      B and C only.

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C only.
    Explanation
    John Rolfe was a significant figure in the history of Jamestown, Virginia. He was not a Spanish colonist, but rather an English colonist. He is famously known for his marriage to Pocahontas, which helped establish a period of peace between the English settlers and the Native Americans. Rolfe also played a crucial role in the economic success of Jamestown by developing a process for curing tobacco, which became a profitable cash crop for the colony. Therefore, the correct answer is B and C only, as Rolfe was not a Spanish colonist.

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  • 17. 

    What was the House of Burgesses?

    • A.

      In 1619, this was a representative assembly in Virginia. It was the first representative house in America.

    • B.

      Election to a seat was limited to the voting members of the charter colony, which was free to all men, but later required that a man owned 50 acres.

    • C.

      Instituted private ownership of land and maintained rights of the colonists.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A only.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The House of Burgesses was a representative assembly in Virginia in 1619. It was the first representative house in America. Election to a seat was limited to the voting members of the charter colony, which was free to all men, but later required that a man owned 50 acres. The House of Burgesses instituted private ownership of land and maintained the rights of the colonists. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 18. 

    Who were the first families of Virginia?

    • A.

      Wealthy and socially prominent families in Virginia who by 1776 had been in America for four to five generations.

    • B.

      Included the Lees, Carters and Fitzhughs.

    • C.

      Included the Lees, Carters, Fitzhughs and Campbells

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      A and B only.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only.
    Explanation
    The first families of Virginia were wealthy and socially prominent families who had been in America for four to five generations by 1776. This included the Lees, Carters, and Fitzhughs. The answer "A and B only" indicates that the correct answer includes both options A (Lees, Carters, and Fitzhughs) and B (Lees, Carters, Fitzhughs, and Campbells). Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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  • 19. 

    What is the headright system?

    • A.

      System used by the Virginia Company to attract colonists; it promised them parcels of land (50 acres) to emigrate to America.

    • B.

      It gave nearly fifty acres for each servant that a colonist brought, allowing the wealthy to obtain large tracts of land.

    • C.

      It was introduced in 1618.

    • D.

      A only.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The headright system was a system used by the Virginia Company to attract colonists. It promised parcels of land, typically 50 acres, to individuals who chose to emigrate to America. Additionally, the system granted nearly fifty acres of land for each servant that a colonist brought, which allowed the wealthy to acquire large tracts of land. The headright system was introduced in 1618. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" because all of the statements mentioned are true regarding the headright system.

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  • 20. 

    Who were the Separatists and what was Plymouth?

    • A.

      Separatists were Puritans who felt they must separate from the Church of England; one group went to Holland and then to America.

    • B.

      They traveled to America on the Mayflower, became known as Pilgrims (voyagers seeking to fulfill a religious mission) in 1620 and landed in Provincetown Harbor, settling in what became Plymouth, Massachusetts.

    • C.

      Before landing in the New World, the Pilgrims formed the Mayflower Compact, which provided for government by the majority and William Bradford served as Plymouth's colony first governor.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above, but William Campbell was their first governor.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer "All of the above" is that the statement includes all the information provided in the passage. The passage states that the Separatists were Puritans who separated from the Church of England and went to America. It also mentions that they traveled on the Mayflower, became known as Pilgrims, and landed in Provincetown Harbor, settling in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Furthermore, it states that before landing, they formed the Mayflower Compact and William Bradford served as Plymouth's first governor. Therefore, all of the given statements are true and can be included in the answer.

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  • 21. 

    What was the Massachusetts Bay Company?

    • A.

      Joint stock company chartered by a group of Puritans escaping King James I, led by John Winthrop who taught that the new colony should be a model Christian society.

    • B.

      These puritans organized their venture and upon arriving in Massachusetts in 1629, they did not have any "starving time".

    • C.

      The government of Massachusetts developed to include a governor and a representative assembly.

    • D.

      A and B only.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The Massachusetts Bay Company was a joint stock company chartered by a group of Puritans escaping King James I. Led by John Winthrop, they aimed to create a model Christian society in the new colony. Upon arriving in Massachusetts in 1629, they did not experience a "starving time". The government of Massachusetts developed to include a governor and a representative assembly. Therefore, all of the above statements are true.

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  • 22. 

    What was Delaware like in 1631?

    • A.

      Dutch Patroons established the first settlement in Delaware in 1631 which was destroyed by Native American attacks.

    • B.

      The Dutch West India Company and Dutchmen, including Peter Minuit, began to trade and settle in Delaware during the mid to late 1630s.

    • C.

      Between 1664 and 1674, Delaware switched between Dutch and English ownership, ending with Dutch ownership in 1674.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above, except Delaware ended with English ownership in 1674.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above, except Delaware ended with English ownership in 1674.
    Explanation
    In 1631, Delaware was initially established by Dutch Patroons, but the settlement was destroyed by Native American attacks. During the mid to late 1630s, the Dutch West India Company and Dutchmen, including Peter Minuit, began to trade and settle in Delaware. Between 1664 and 1674, Delaware switched between Dutch and English ownership, but it ended with Dutch ownership in 1674. Therefore, the correct answer is that all of the statements mentioned above are true, except for the fact that Delaware ended with English ownership in 1674.

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  • 23. 

    Who were the Proprietors in Maryland in the 1630s?

    • A.

      Proprietors owned colonies, with direct responsibility to the king, providing the opportunity for Royal control and to decrease the practice of granting charters for charter colonies.

    • B.

      Proprietary colonies turned out like charter colonies because the settlers insisted on self government.

    • C.

      In 1632, under George Calvert (Lord Baltimore), Maryland became the first proprietary colony as a refuge for English Catholics. Calvert's son encouraged religious toleration and established a representative assembly.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    In the 1630s, the Proprietors in Maryland were the owners of the colony who had direct responsibility to the king. They provided an opportunity for Royal control and aimed to decrease the practice of granting charters for charter colonies. Maryland, under George Calvert (Lord Baltimore), became the first proprietary colony in 1632, serving as a refuge for English Catholics. The settlers in Maryland insisted on self-government, which made the proprietary colony function similarly to a charter colony. Additionally, Calvert's son promoted religious toleration and established a representative assembly. Therefore, all of the statements mentioned above are correct explanations for the Proprietors in Maryland in the 1630s.

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  • 24. 

    Who was Anne Hutchinson?

    • A.

      In 1638, she was found to be a witch and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. With her followers, she founded Portsmouth, in the Aquidneck region, now known as Rhode Island.

    • B.

      She claimed to have had special revelations from God, that superceded the bible and was contrary to the Puritan doctrine; she was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. With her followers, she founded Portsmouth, in the Aquidneck region, now known as Rhode Island.

    • C.

      The leadership of New England accused her of antinomian teachings (belief that salvation is attained through faith and divine grace and not through strict adherance to rules or moral laws).

    • D.

      A and C.

    • E.

      B and C.

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C.
    Explanation
    Anne Hutchinson was a prominent figure in the early colonial period of America. She was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638 after being accused of being a witch and for her antinomian teachings. She claimed to have special revelations from God that contradicted the Puritan doctrine and believed that salvation was attained through faith and divine grace rather than strict adherence to moral laws. Along with her followers, she founded Portsmouth in Rhode Island, which was then known as the Aquidneck region. The correct answer, B and C, refers to her banishment and her antinomian teachings.

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  • 25. 

    In Rhode Island from 1603 to 1683, who was Roger Williams?

    • A.

      Williams was a Catholic who fled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after his views became too extreme for the colonists.

    • B.

      Williams was a Puritan preacher who fled Massachusetts after his view became too extreme for the colonists.

    • C.

      Williams bought land from the Native Americans and founded Providence in 1636; Rhode Island formed from a combination of Providence, Portsmouth and other settlements and through Williams, the colony granted complete religious toleration. It tended to be populated by exiles and was known a "Rogue's Island".

    • D.

      A and C.

    • E.

      B and C.

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B and C. This means that both options B and C are correct. Option B states that Roger Williams was a Puritan preacher who fled Massachusetts after his views became too extreme for the colonists. Option C states that Williams bought land from the Native Americans and founded Providence in 1636, and Rhode Island formed from a combination of Providence, Portsmouth, and other settlements. Through Williams, the colony granted complete religious toleration and tended to be populated by exiles, earning the nickname "Rogue's Island."

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