Salford Law School Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 57
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 57

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Salford Law School Quiz - Quiz


Short law based quiz for prospective students of Salford Law School. Win Blackwells book tokens for taking part. £50 book token for 1st prize with 2 runner up prizes of £25 each. Don't forget to send your name, email and postal address so that we may contact the lucky winner.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a statute?

    • A.

      An Act of Parliament

    • B.

      A delegated power

    • C.

      A Bill put before Parliament

    • D.

      A private members Bill

    Correct Answer
    A. An Act of Parliament
    Explanation
    A statute refers to a law or legislation that has been passed by the Parliament. It is a formal written enactment that has the force of law. This means that it is legally binding and must be followed by individuals and organizations within the jurisdiction. A statute is considered the highest form of law in many legal systems and is created through a formal legislative process. It covers a wide range of topics and issues, and once it becomes an Act of Parliament, it has the power to regulate and govern society.

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  • 2. 

    What is the first court a criminal case is brought to?

    • A.

      High Court

    • B.

      Crown Court

    • C.

      County Court

    • D.

      Magistrates Court

    Correct Answer
    D. Magistrates Court
    Explanation
    In the UK, the first court where a criminal case is brought is the Magistrates Court. This court deals with less serious criminal offenses and has the authority to handle preliminary hearings, bail applications, and minor sentencing. More serious cases are usually transferred to the Crown Court for trial. The High Court and County Court have different jurisdictions and deal with civil matters rather than criminal cases.

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  • 3. 

    Where would you find the definition of murder?

    • A.

      Offences Against the Person Act 1861

    • B.

      Homicide Act 1957

    • C.

      Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

    • D.

      Abortion Act 1967

    Correct Answer
    B. Homicide Act 1957
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Homicide Act 1957. This act provides the legal definition of murder in the United Kingdom. It outlines the elements that must be present for an act to be considered murder, such as the unlawful killing of another person with malice aforethought. The Homicide Act 1957 also establishes different degrees of murder and provides guidelines for sentencing.

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  • 4. 

    The ____________ is the person who brings an action in civil law?

    • A.

      Defendant

    • B.

      Claimant

    • C.

      Prosecutor

    • D.

      The injured party

    Correct Answer
    B. Claimant
    Explanation
    In civil law, the person who initiates or brings a legal action is known as the claimant. They are the party that seeks a legal remedy or compensation for a perceived wrong or harm done to them by the defendant. The claimant is responsible for presenting their case and proving their claims in court. They are distinct from the defendant, who is the party being accused or sued, and the prosecutor, who represents the government in criminal cases.

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  • 5. 

    When was Britain’s first Race Relations Act?

    • A.

      1946

    • B.

      1955

    • C.

      1965

    • D.

      1976

    Correct Answer
    C. 1965
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1965. The Race Relations Act was first introduced in Britain in 1965. This act aimed to combat racial discrimination and promote equal treatment for all individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity. It made it illegal to discriminate against someone based on their race in public places, such as hotels, restaurants, and public transportation. The act was an important step towards promoting racial equality and challenging the systemic racism that existed in Britain at the time.

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  • 6. 

    What does res ipsa loquitur mean?

    • A.

      Damages relate to loss suffered

    • B.

      A duty of care exists

    • C.

      A guilty mind exists

    • D.

      The facts speak for themselves

    Correct Answer
    D. The facts speak for themselves
    Explanation
    Res ipsa loquitur is a Latin phrase that means "the facts speak for themselves." This legal doctrine is used when the circumstances surrounding an incident are so obvious that negligence can be inferred without direct evidence. It allows a plaintiff to establish a defendant's negligence based solely on the facts of the case. In other words, the doctrine assumes that the defendant is responsible for the harm caused because the circumstances are such that it would not have occurred in the absence of negligence.

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  • 7. 

    The Road Traffic Act of 1972 ______________ that it is illegal to drive under the influence of drugs?

    • A.

      Legislates

    • B.

      Provides

    • C.

      Requires

    • D.

      Amends

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislates
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Legislates." In this context, "legislates" means that the Road Traffic Act of 1972 establishes or makes it a law that it is illegal to drive under the influence of drugs.

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  • 8. 

    A decision made in court may provide a _________________ to be used when judging later cases?

    • A.

      Debate

    • B.

      Remedy

    • C.

      Precedent

    • D.

      Punishment

    Correct Answer
    C. Precedent
    Explanation
    A decision made in court may provide a precedent to be used when judging later cases. Precedent refers to a legal principle or rule established in a previous court case that is used as a guide or authority in deciding similar cases in the future. It helps ensure consistency and predictability in the legal system by providing a reference point for judges to follow when making decisions.

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  • 9. 

    Who decides if a defendant is suffering from an abnormality of the mind?

    • A.

      The police

    • B.

      A psychiatrist

    • C.

      The judge

    • D.

      The jury

    Correct Answer
    D. The jury
    Explanation
    The jury decides if a defendant is suffering from an abnormality of the mind. This is because the jury is responsible for evaluating the evidence presented during the trial, including any expert testimony from psychiatrists or other mental health professionals. Based on the information provided, the jury makes a determination on whether the defendant's mental state affected their ability to understand the nature of their actions or to form the necessary intent for the crime they are accused of.

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  • 10. 

    ___________________ means stated later in this document?

    • A.

      Hereof

    • B.

      Hereinafter

    • C.

      Hereunder

    • D.

      Hereto

    Correct Answer
    B. Hereinafter
    Explanation
    "Hereinafter" is a legal term used to refer to something that will be mentioned or explained in the later part of a document. It indicates that the specific term or concept will be discussed further in the subsequent sections or paragraphs.

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  • 11. 

    What may amount to provocation?

    • A.

      Things said or done or both

    • B.

      Only things that are said

    • C.

      Only things that are done

    • D.

      Anything done whilst under the influence

    Correct Answer
    A. Things said or done or both
    Explanation
    Provocation refers to actions or words that are intended to incite or provoke someone to react in an aggressive or hostile manner. It can include both verbal and physical actions. Therefore, the correct answer is "Things said or done or both" because both words and actions can be considered provocation depending on the context and intention behind them.

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  • 12. 

    The power of a court to hear and decide a case is known as?

    • A.

      Jurisprudence

    • B.

      Judiciary

    • C.

      Judicial

    • D.

      Jurisdiction

    Correct Answer
    D. Jurisdiction
    Explanation
    Jurisdiction refers to the power or authority of a court to hear and decide a case. It determines whether a court has the legal right to exercise its judicial functions over a particular matter. Jurisdiction can be based on various factors such as geographical location, subject matter, or the parties involved. It is a fundamental concept in the legal system that ensures fair and efficient administration of justice.

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  • 13. 

    How many judges are there in the European Court of Justice?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      27

    • C.

      51

    • D.

      75

    Correct Answer
    B. 27
    Explanation
    The European Court of Justice consists of 27 judges. These judges are responsible for ensuring the uniform interpretation and application of European Union law. They are appointed by the member states of the EU and serve for a renewable term of six years. The number of judges corresponds to the number of member states in the EU, with each member state having one judge. Therefore, the correct answer is 27.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following cases established the virtual certainty test?

    • A.

      R v Nedrick

    • B.

      R v Blaue

    • C.

      R v Smith

    • D.

      R v Hancock & Shankland

    Correct Answer
    A. R v Nedrick
    Explanation
    R v Nedrick established the virtual certainty test. This case involved a defendant who had set fire to a house, resulting in the death of a child. The court held that in cases of murder, the intent to cause serious bodily harm or death can be inferred if the defendant knew that their actions were virtually certain to cause serious bodily harm or death, even if they did not desire that outcome. This test has since been used to determine the mens rea (mental element) required for murder in similar cases.

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  • 15. 

    Please complete your full name, email address and postal address.

    • A.

      Name, email, postal address.

    Correct Answer
    A. Name, email, postal address.
    Explanation
    Please complete details in full so that we may contact you if you are one of the lucky winners.

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