Rt Study Guide June 2016 Cardiovascular

61 Questions | Total Attempts: 11

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Is about 4.8 inches tall and 3.35 inches wide
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Lungs

    • C. 

      Alveoli

    • D. 

      Kidneys

  • 2. 
    Weighs about .68 lb. in men and .56 lb. in women
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Ribs

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Lungs

  • 3. 
    Beats about 100,000 times per day
    • A. 

      Bladder

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Kidneys

  • 4. 
    What are 3 layers of the heart
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Myocardium

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    The heart resides in the 
    • A. 

      Endocardium

    • B. 

      Myocardium

    • C. 

      Epicardium

    • D. 

      Paricardium

  • 6. 
    A loose membrane sac
    • A. 

      Myocardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Epicardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 7. 
    Continuous withe the pericardium
    • A. 

      Myocardium

    • B. 

      Epicardium

    • C. 

      Pericardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 8. 
    What is the actual heart muscle
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 9. 
    Composed of bands of involuntary striated muscle fibers
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Epicardium

  • 10. 
    Thin layer of tissue lining the inside of the heart
    • A. 

      Myocardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Epicardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 11. 
    Number 1 cause of death in children
    • A. 

      Lime disease

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Respiratory/cardiac failure

    • D. 

      Prematurity

  • 12. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 13. 
    What are the 4 chambers of the heart
    • A. 

      Left ventricle

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Right atrium

    • D. 

      Left atrium

  • 14. 
    Thin walled upper chambers
    • A. 

      Atria

    • B. 

      Ventricle

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Tricuspid

  • 15. 
    Separated by atrial septum
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Atria

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Superior vena cava

  • 16. 
    Right side of septum has oval depression, Fossa Ovalis Cordis, remnant of the Foramen Ovale
    • A. 

      Semilunar valve

    • B. 

      Atria

    • C. 

      Great vein

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 17. 
    Acts as a receiving chamber for blood returning from the body
    • A. 

      Right atria

    • B. 

      Subclavian valve

    • C. 

      Pulmonary circuit

    • D. 

      Left atria

  • 18. 
    All blood flow above the diaphragm enters
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Aortic valve

    • D. 

      Pulmonary arteries

  • 19. 
    Lower chambers which make up the build of the muscle mass of the heart
    • A. 

      Myocardium

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Pulmonary trunk

    • D. 

      Right atrium

  • 20. 
    How many times larger is the left ventricle from the right ventricle
    • A. 

      1/2

    • B. 

      2/3

    • C. 

      1/4

    • D. 

      3/5

  • 21. 
    Thin walled and oblong, like pocket attached to left ventricle
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Subclavian valve

    • D. 

      Atrial ventricular valve (AV)

  • 22. 
    The pump for pulmonary circulation
    • A. 

      Left ventricle

    • B. 

      Right atrium

    • C. 

      Aortic valve

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 23. 
    What pressure is exerted when the right ventricle contracts
    • A. 

      80 - 100 lpm

    • B. 

      25mmHg

    • C. 

      344 torr

    • D. 

      98.6 cmH2O

  • 24. 
    What pressure is exerted when the right ventricle relaxes
    • A. 

      80mmHg

    • B. 

      0mmHg

    • C. 

      25mmHg

    • D. 

      80 - 100mmHg

  • 25. 
    The pump for systemic circulation
    • A. 

      Right ventricle

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right atrium

  • 26. 
    Separated by the intra ventricular septum
    • A. 

      Right/left pulmonary veins

    • B. 

      Right/left ventricle

    • C. 

      Right/left atrium

    • D. 

      Right/left pulmonary arteries

  • 27. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 28. 
    What are the 4 Valves of the heart
    • A. 

      Tricuspid Valve (AV valve)

    • B. 

      Pulmonary Semilunar Valve

    • C. 

      Bicuspid (Mitral) Valve - AV valve

    • D. 

      Aortic Semilunar Valve

  • 29. 
    Flaps made of fibrous tissue
    • A. 

      Visceral pleura

    • B. 

      Valves

    • C. 

      Cilia

    • D. 

      Epicardium

  • 30. 
    Separates right atrium from right ventricle
    • A. 

      Bicuspid (Mitral) Valve - AV valve

    • B. 

      Visceral pleura

    • C. 

      Tricuspid Valve - AV valve

    • D. 

      Pulmonic Semilunar Valve

  • 31. 
    Separates right ventricle from pulmonary artery 
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Visceral pleura

    • C. 

      Simple squamous epithelia

    • D. 

      Pulmonic Semilunar Valve

  • 32. 
    Separates left atrium from left ventricle
    • A. 

      Visceral pleura

    • B. 

      Bicuspid (Mitral) Valve - AV valve

    • C. 

      Chordae Tendineae Cordis

    • D. 

      Simple squamous epithelia

  • 33. 
    Separates left ventricle from aorta
    • A. 

      Aortic Semilunar Valve

    • B. 

      Simple squamous epithelia

    • C. 

      Subclavian veins

    • D. 

      Great Venous vein

  • 34. 
    Anchor free ends of AV valves to papillary muscles
    • A. 

      Chordae Tendineae Cordis

    • B. 

      Bicuspid (Mitral) Valve - AV valve

    • C. 

      Simple Squamous Epithelia

    • D. 

      Aortic Semilunar Valve

  • 35. 
    Prevents AV valves from pushing upward into atria during ventricular contraction
    • A. 

      Semilunar Valves

    • B. 

      Chordae Tendineae Cordis

    • C. 

      Subclavian Veins

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 36. 
    During contraction of the atria valves
    • A. 

      Open

    • B. 

      Close

    • C. 

      Expand

    • D. 

      Decrease

  • 37. 
    After the left ventricle contracts
    • A. 

      Blood flows through the Aortic valve

    • B. 

      The aortic valve closes and the mitral valve opens

    • C. 

      The right atrium contracts

    • D. 

      It prevents back flow

  • 38. 
    As the left atrium contracts
    • A. 

      It prevents backflow

    • B. 

      The heart skips a beat

    • C. 

      More blood flow enters into the left ventricle

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin produces proteins via mitochondria

  • 39. 
    During relaxation of the atria the valves
    • A. 

      Close

    • B. 

      Open

    • C. 

      Pump

    • D. 

      Spread in diameter

  • 40. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 41. 
    Name the horns attached to the Aorta
    • A. 

      Subclavian Valve

    • B. 

      Brachiocephalic Artery

    • C. 

      Common Carotid Artery

    • D. 

      A and C only

  • 42. 
    Oxygenation is sent through the upper body by 
    • A. 

      Common Carotid Artery

    • B. 

      Subclavian Valve

    • C. 

      Brachiocephalic Artery

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    When blood enters the superior and inferior vena cava, the central pressure remains
    • A. 

      Constant

    • B. 

      The same

    • C. 

      At a higher velocity

    • D. 

      At a lower velocity

  • 44. 
    Coronary circulation arises from the root of the 
    • A. 

      Pulmonary valve

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Systemic circuit

    • D. 

      Pulmonary circuit

  • 45. 
    Anterior descending artery
    • A. 

      Central venous artery

    • B. 

      Left coronary artery

    • C. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • D. 

      Right coronary artery

  • 46. 
    Supplies anterior sulcus and apex
    • A. 

      Left coronary artery

    • B. 

      Alveolus

    • C. 

      Common carotid artery

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 47. 
    Widow maker heart attack
    • A. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • B. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • C. 

      Left coronary artery

    • D. 

      Myofarction incardia

  • 48. 
    Supplies posterior side of left ventricle
    • A. 

      Left coronary artery

    • B. 

      Atrial ventricular valve

    • C. 

      Circumflex artery

    • D. 

      Common carotid artery

  • 49. 
    Provides oxygen to ventricles
    • A. 

      Oral and nasal airways

    • B. 

      Right and left lungs

    • C. 

      Two left coronary arteries

    • D. 

      Superior and inferior vena cava

  • 50. 
    Supply mod t of left ventricle, left atrium, 2/3 of intra ventricular septum, half of intra atrial septum, and part of right atrium
    • A. 

      Semilunar valves

    • B. 

      Anterior descending artery, circumflex arter

    • C. 

      Superior, inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Atria ventricular valves

  • 51. 
    Posterior Descending Artery
    • A. 

      Aortic valve

    • B. 

      Right coronary artery

    • C. 

      Left pulmonary vein

    • D. 

      Right pulmonary valves

  • 52. 
    Supplies posterior intra ventricular sulcus
    • A. 

      Superior, Inferior Vena Cava

    • B. 

      Great Venous

    • C. 

      Right Coronary Artery

    • D. 

      Left Coronary Artery

  • 53. 
    Has numerous smaller branches
    • A. 

      Ventricular valves

    • B. 

      Right coronary artery

    • C. 

      Left coronary artery

    • D. 

      Subclavian artery

  • 54. 
    Supplies anterior and posterior portions of right ventricular myocardium, right atrium, sinus node, posterior 1/3 of intro ventricular septum, and portion of base of right ventricle
    • A. 

      Cordinae tendinaea

    • B. 

      Right coronary artery

    • C. 

      Right atrium

    • D. 

      Common carotid artery

  • 55. 
    Closely parallel with the arterial system
    • A. 

      Blood flow

    • B. 

      Subclavian artery

    • C. 

      Coronary veins

    • D. 

      Pulmonary veins

  • 56. 
    Empty directly into all chambers thus creating some venous admixture lowering PaO2
    • A. 

      Semilunar Valves

    • B. 

      Aortic Valves

    • C. 

      Pulmonary Valve

    • D. 

      Thebesian Veins

  • 57. 
    Carries deoxygenated blood into the left atrium releasing oxygen
    • A. 

      Aortic valve

    • B. 

      Thebesian vein

    • C. 

      Systemic circuit

    • D. 

      Pulmonary circuit

  • 58. 
    An anatomic shunt when emptying in the left side of the heart
    • A. 

      Systemic circuit

    • B. 

      Thebesian vein

    • C. 

      Aortic valve

    • D. 

      Pulomonary circuit

  • 59. 
    Deoxygenated blood traveling to the left side of the heart without gas exchange
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Rich oxygenated blood

    • C. 

      Shunt

    • D. 

      Poor oxygenated blood

  • 60. 
    Large, highly elastic vessels with low resistance to blood flow
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Veins

    • D. 

      Vessels

  • 61. 
    Small muscular vessels of varying resistance
    • A. 

      Veins

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Arterioles