Rt Study Guide Cardiovascular I

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 761

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Cardiovascular Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Large, highly elastic vessels with low resistance to blood flow
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Vessels

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 2. 
    Small muscular vessels of varying resistance
    • A. 

      Vessels

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 3. 
    Superficial relatively means
    • A. 

      Away from the heart

    • B. 

      Closest to skin

    • C. 

      Distal from the heart

    • D. 

      Diffusion during ATP

  • 4. 
    Bright red blood comes from 
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Arteries

    • D. 

      Veins

  • 5. 
    What artery does an RT start an ABG with
    • A. 

      Femoral

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Aorto

  • 6. 
    What are the main large arteries 
    • A. 

      Brachial, aorta

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    When patient has low PaO2 the color of blood in the arteries will be
    • A. 

      Dark red

    • B. 

      Dark blue

    • C. 

      Bright red

    • D. 

      Dark red

  • 8. 
    Transmits and maintains the pressure of 120/80  generated by the heart
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Pulmonary vein

  • 9. 
    What are the main arteries that RT's use for ABG's
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Where is the brachial artery located
    • A. 

      Anterior to the ankle

    • B. 

      Next to the hip

    • C. 

      Behind the elbow

    • D. 

      Anterior to the knee

  • 11. 
    Where is the radial artery located
    • A. 

      On the wrist

    • B. 

      Behind the elbow

    • C. 

      Beside the groan area

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Where is the femoral artery located
    • A. 

      On the wrist

    • B. 

      Behind the elbow

    • C. 

      Distal to the knee

    • D. 

      Beside the groan area

  • 13. 
    Where is the Dorsalis pedis artery located
    • A. 

      On the back

    • B. 

      On the ankle

    • C. 

      On the wrist

    • D. 

      On the hip

  • 14. 
    Which "crown" artery branches off to the arm and the head
    • A. 

      Left Common Carotid Artery

    • B. 

      Brachiocephalic Artery

    • C. 

      Vertebral Artery

    • D. 

      Internal Artery

  • 15. 
    Capillary gas exchange occurs during
    • A. 

      External respiration

    • B. 

      Internal respiration

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Through metabolism oxygen gets used up and becomes CO2
    • A. 

      Vessels

    • B. 

      Capillaries

    • C. 

      Arteries

    • D. 

      Arterioles

  • 17. 
    Conducts microcirculation
    • A. 

      Arterioles

    • B. 

      Vessels

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Arteries

  • 18. 
    Maintains constant exchange of nutrients, gases and waste products for the cells and tissues of the body
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Arteries

    • D. 

      Veins

  • 19. 
    Due to gas exchange sphincters will 
    • A. 

      Contract and relax

    • B. 

      Constrict and dilate

    • C. 

      Increase in pressure

    • D. 

      Decrease in pressure

  • 20. 
    For specific metabolic needs for internal respiration, sphincters will contract and relax due to 
    • A. 

      Hypertension (HTN)

    • B. 

      ATP

    • C. 

      Gas exchange

    • D. 

      Loss of blood

  • 21. 
    Smooth muscle rings at the proximal end of the capillary
    • A. 

      Endocardium

    • B. 

      Pre-capillary sphincter valves

    • C. 

      Internal carotids

    • D. 

      Circle of willis

  • 22. 
    Distal to capillaries, closest to arterioles
    • A. 

      Pre capillary sphincter valves

    • B. 

      Left/ right ventricles

    • C. 

      Atrial ventricular valves

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Contraction decreases blood flow locally
    • A. 

      Sphincters

    • B. 

      Left/right ventricles

    • C. 

      Inspiration/expiration

    • D. 

      Myocardio infarction

  • 24. 
    Relaxation increases blood flow locally
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Sphincters

    • C. 

      Left/right ventricles

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 25. 
    Work to provide more oxygen to more needy cells/organs
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Sphincters

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Airways