Rock And Rock Cycle Quiz

26 Questions

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Rock And Rock Cycle Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    LIST below the 5 steps of the sedimentary rock formation process in order.
  • 2. 
    Sandstone and Limestone are what type of rock?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 3. 
    What type of rock is marble, a strong whitish rock commonly used in statues
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 4. 
    What type of rock is Granite?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 5. 
    Select ALL of the following statements that are true about Igneous Rocks?
    • A. 

      Igneous Rocks are formed from cooling magma

    • B. 

      Igneous Rocks are formed under extreme pressure

    • C. 

      Igneous Rocks often form with fossils in them

    • D. 

      Igneous Rocks are formed from cooling lava

    • E. 

      Igneous Rocks are only formed at volcanoes

  • 6. 
    What characteristics are commonly found in Intrusive rock? (Select ALL that apply)
    • A. 

      Large, coarse-grain crystals

    • B. 

      Fossils and imprints

    • C. 

      Glassy, smooth surfaces

    • D. 

      Small, fine-grain crystals

    • E. 

      Flat, sheet-like layers

  • 7. 
    What geologic process changes pre-existing rock into Igneous Rock? (Select All that apply)
    • A. 

      Heat and Pressure

    • B. 

      Weathering and Erosion

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Compaction and Cementation

    • E. 

      Cooling

  • 8. 
    Which geologic process can change any pre-existing rock into loose pieces of sediment? (Select All that apply)  
    • A. 

      Heat and Pressure

    • B. 

      Weathering and Erosion

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Compaction and Cementation

    • E. 

      Cooling

  • 9. 
    Which geologic process changes pieces of sediment, and minerals into sedimentary rock? (Select All that apply)
    • A. 

      Heat and Pressure

    • B. 

      Weathering and Erosion

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Compaction and Cementation

    • E. 

      Cooling

  • 10. 
    Which geologic process can change any pre-existing rock into Metamorphic Rock? (Select All that apply)
    • A. 

      Heat and Pressure

    • B. 

      Weathering and Erosion

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Compaction and Cementation

    • E. 

      Cooling

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      At the Earth’s surface, where erosion can deposit pieces of pre-existing rock

    • B. 

      In volcanoes, where magma cools into a solid

    • C. 

      Deep in the Earth’s crust, where the pressure and heat are high

  • 12. 
    Rocks that cool and harden quickly from melted rock will have...
    • A. 

      Large, coarse crystal texture

    • B. 

      Small, fine crystal texture or glassy texture

    • C. 

      A higher density than rocks that cool faster

  • 13. 
    Select ALL of the following statements that are true about rocks with foliation.
    • A. 

      Rocks with Foliation will break off in random edges

    • B. 

      Rocks with Foliation are formed by sediments being compacted into rocks

    • C. 

      Rocks with Foliation have crystals that have aligned themselves into layers

    • D. 

      Rocks with Foliation are formed under heat and pressure

    • E. 

      Rocks with Foliation are formed from melted magma

    • F. 

      Rocks with Foliation will usually break into flat sheets

  • 14. 
    Select ALL of the following statements that are true about rocks with mafic composition  
    • A. 

      Mafic rocks have large crystal shapes

    • B. 

      Mafic rocks are usually dark in color

    • C. 

      Mafic rocks are usually light in color

    • D. 

      Mafic rocks are igneous rocks

    • E. 

      Mafic rocks are sedimentary rocks

  • 15. 
    Metamorphic Rocks are classified by their crystal size and color
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
     Metamorphic Rocks commonly are found with fossils inside of them
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
     Lava is melted rock found beneath the Earth’s surface
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Extrusive Igneous Rock is formed on top of the Earth’s surface
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    What type of composition does the Igneous rock in the picture below have?
    • A. 

      Mafic

    • B. 

      Felsic

  • 20. 
    What kind of texture does this Metamorphic Rock below have?
    • A. 

      Foliated

    • B. 

      Non-Foliated

  • 21. 
    What type of texture does the Sedimentary Rock below have?
    • A. 

      Clastic

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Biologic

    • D. 

      Felsic

  • 22. 
    Below is a picture of an igenous rock.  What type of texture does it have?
    • A. 

      Pegmatitic (Large Crystal)

    • B. 

      Phaneritic (Medium Crystal)

    • C. 

      Aphanitic (Fine Crystal)

    • D. 

      Porphyritic (Mix of Large and Fine Crystal)

    • E. 

      Glassy

  • 23. 
    The Rock below is what type of rock?
    • A. 

      Extrusive Igneous

    • B. 

      Intrusive Igneous

    • C. 

      Chemical Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Non-Foliated Metamorphic

    • E. 

      Foliated Metamorphic

  • 24. 
    The rock below has what kind of Sedimentary texture?
    • A. 

      Clastic

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Biologic

    • D. 

      Felsic

  • 25. 
    The Rock below is what type of rock?
    • A. 

      Extrusive Igneous

    • B. 

      Intrusive Igneous

    • C. 

      Chemical Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Biologic Sedimentary

    • E. 

      Foliated Metamorphic

  • 26. 
    Which statement below is true of intrusive Igneous Rock?
    • A. 

      Cooled slowly in formation, large crystals

    • B. 

      Cooled slowly in formation, fine crystals

    • C. 

      Cooled quickly in formation, large crystals

    • D. 

      Cooled quickly in formation, fine crystals