argument that attempts to win its
point by attacking the person and not the argument itself.
appealed to for the sake of getting a
Appealing to the mass’s biases or
unjustified fears in order to make a point; assumes that because many people
believe something, it is inherently true.
When we argue about casual
relationships between things, we have to be aware that we leave ourselves open
for people to challenge our connections.
when the premises of an argument
contradict each other
based on an unqualified generalization
Arguments fall into this category
if they assume a “black or white” world view.
a deceptive, misleading, or false
notion or belief
metaphorical way of comparing two things
to conclusions; an argument where the generalization is reached too hastily
fallacy consists in treating a hypothetical claim as if it were a statement of
fact by making a claim, without sufficient evidence, about what would have
happened in the past if other conditions had been present or an event that will
occur in the future.
discredit what a person might later claim by presenting unfavorable information
claim that there is a correlation between two things, simply because one thing
happens before another.
tactic for leading readers/listeners away from the real issue