Renal Anatomy & Physiology (part 1) - Abdomen B

31 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The urinary system consists of:2 ______________,2 ______________,1 ______________,1 ______________
  • 2. 
    The kidneys are part of the ____________ system.
  • 3. 
    Kidneys function to filter ___________ (such as ____________) from the blood and excrete them, along with water as urine.
  • 4. 
    The kidneys begin in the fetal __________ as early as the _____(#) week of fetal life.
  • 5. 
    Functionally, urine production and nephron function begins at approximately week ______(#).
  • 6. 
    The kidneys are fully developed by week ______(#).
  • 7. 
    The "male" urinary system and reproductive organs develop from the _____________ duct (AKA ____________ duct).
  • 8. 
    The "female" urinary system:The mesonephric duct continues to develop into the ____________ duct (AKA ___________ duct), which develops into the vagina and uterus.
  • 9. 
    The kidneys lie in the ____________ portion of the abdomen along the posterior abdominal wall on either side of the spine.
  • 10. 
    The migration of the kidneys from the fetal pelvis to their respective positions continues until the ______th (#) or ______th (#) year of life.
  • 11. 
    Which kidney is usually lower (up to 2 cm)?
    • A. 

      Right

    • B. 

      Left

  • 12. 
    The 3 renal layers of supportive material include the renal __________,  __________  __________, and renal __________ (AKA __________  __________).
  • 13. 
    Which renal layer does this describe?A fibrous capsule that covers the surface of each kidney and is continuous with the outer layer of the ureter at the hilum.  It provides a protective barrier against physical trauma and infection.
  • 14. 
    Which renal layer does this describe?Adipose layer that also functions as a protective cushion, especially during respiration.  It also helps to hold the kidney in place against the posterior trunk muscles.
  • 15. 
    Which renal layer does this describe?It is a dense connective tissue that surrounds the kidney, adipose capsule, and adrenal gland.
  • 16. 
    What layer is Gerota's fascia?
    • A. 

      Innermost layer

    • B. 

      Middle layer

    • C. 

      Outermost layer

  • 17. 
    The renal parenchyma makes up the tissue portion of the kidney.  It is subdivided into 2 categories:  the __________ and the __________.
  • 18. 
    The portion of the renal parenchyma that extends from the renal capsule to the bases of the pyramids and into the spaces between them is called the renal __________.
  • 19. 
    The cortical extensions that pass between the renal pyramids are called the __________ of ___________.
  • 20. 
    To differentiate a renal pyramid from a cyst, look for the Columns of Bertin which will be on both sides of it.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    What part of the renal parenchyma do the triangular or cone-shaped pyramids belong to?
    • A. 

      Cortex

    • B. 

      Medulla

  • 22. 
    Pyramids are ___________ (hyperechoic or hypoehoic?) in relation to the cortex.
  • 23. 
    Structures located within the renal sinus include:
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Pyramids

    • C. 

      Columns of Bertin

    • D. 

      Lymphatics

    • E. 

      Nerves

    • F. 

      Fat

    • G. 

      Collecting system: calyces & renal pelvis

  • 24. 
    ___________ collect urine which continually drains from the papilla and empties into the renal pelvis.
  • 25. 
    The adult kidney has approx. 8-18 __________  __________.  They are cuplike chambers into which the papilla project.
  • 26. 
    Two or three __________  ___________ are formed from the convergence of the minor calyces.
  • 27. 
    The renal __________ is a funnel shaped cavity that is medial to the hilus and continuous with the ureter that leaves the hilus.
  • 28. 
    A normal variant in which the renal pelvis is completely outside of the hilum is termed an __________  __________ pelvis.
  • 29. 
    Urine flow is an active process that propels urine by __________ and ___________.
  • 30. 
    Urine is continuously produced within the renal ___________.
  • 31. 
    Put the numbers in order that represent the flow of urine.  Start with the outermost portion of the kidney.1) major calyces2) minor calyces3) parenchyma4) papilla5) bladder6) renal pelvis7) ureter