Remidi Midsem 2 Sejarah Peminatan Kelas Xi Ips

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Remidi Midsem 2 Sejarah Peminatan Kelas Xi Ips - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Imperialisme modern muncul setelah terjadinya revolusi industri, karena bertujuan ...

    • A.

      Menimbun kekayaan berupa logam mulia.

    • B.

      Mengembangkan perekonomiannya.

    • C.

      Mengebalikan kejayaan negara penjajah.

    • D.

      Memperkuat pertahanan militernya.

    • E.

      Melakukan pembalasan terhadap negara dan bangsa lain

    Correct Answer
    B. Mengembangkan perekonomiannya.
    Explanation
    Modern imperialism emerged after the industrial revolution with the aim of developing its economy. This can be seen in the context of European powers expanding their empires to gain access to new markets, resources, and cheap labor. The industrial revolution led to increased production and the need for raw materials and markets to sell the goods produced. Therefore, imperialism became a way to secure economic growth and development for the imperialist powers.

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  • 2. 

    Liga Bangsa-Bangsa berkedudukan di...

    • A.

      Amerika

    • B.

      Swiss

    • C.

      Italia

    • D.

      Inggris

    • E.

      Prancis

    Correct Answer
    B. Swiss
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Swiss. The League of Nations was headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The League of Nations was an international organization founded after World War I to promote peace and security. Switzerland was chosen as the location for its headquarters due to its neutral status and its long history of hosting international negotiations and organizations.

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  • 3. 

    Pendudukan pasukan Demak di bawah pimpinan Fatahillah ke Jawa Barat bertujuan untuk...

    • A.

      Menguasai jalur perdagangan Selat Sunda.

    • B.

      Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.

    • C.

      Menguasai daerah Jawa Barat

    • D.

      Mengislamkan daerah Jawa Barat.

    • E.

      Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat

    Correct Answer
    B. Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran." The occupation of Demak forces under the leadership of Fatahillah in West Java aimed to disrupt the relationship between the Portuguese and the Pajajaran kingdom. The Portuguese had established a strong presence in the region and were conducting trade with Pajajaran, which threatened the influence and control of Demak. By occupying West Java, Demak aimed to cut off the Portuguese-Pajajaran trade connection and assert their own authority in the region.

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  • 4. 

    Pendudukan pasukan Demak di bawah pimpinan Fatahillah ke Jawa Barat bertujuan untuk...

    • A.

      Menguasai jalur perdagangan Selat Sunda.

    • B.

      Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.

    • C.

      Menguasai daerah Jawa Barat

    • D.

      Mengislamkan daerah Jawa Barat.

    • E.

      Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat

    Correct Answer
    B. Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.
    Explanation
    The occupation of Demak forces led by Fatahillah in West Java aimed to disrupt the relationship between the Portuguese and Pajajaran. This suggests that the Portuguese had established a connection or alliance with Pajajaran, which the Demak forces sought to undermine. By doing so, they could weaken the influence and power of the Portuguese in the region and potentially gain an advantage for themselves.

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  • 5. 

    Usaha Pergerakan Bangsa Indonesia untuk mewujudkan persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa dilakukan melalui ...

    • A.

      Pendidikan nasional

    • B.

      Pengembangan kebudayan nasional.

    • C.

      Mengembangkan pendidikan model Eropa

    • D.

      Bekerja sama dengan pemerintah Belanda

    • E.

      Mengembangkan sistem irigasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Pendidikan nasional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pendidikan nasional." The explanation for this answer is that the Indonesian national movement aimed to achieve unity and solidarity among the nation, and one of the key ways to achieve this was through national education. By promoting education for all Indonesians, regardless of their background or ethnicity, the national movement sought to create a sense of national identity and shared values among the people. Education was seen as a powerful tool to instill a sense of unity and to build a strong and independent nation.

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  • 6. 

    Berkat peran dan jasanya di bidang pendidikan, pemerintah menetapkan tanggal kelahiran Ki Hajar Dewantoro tanggal 2 Mei sebagai hari ....

    • A.

      Kebangkitan Nasional

    • B.

      Pendidikan Nasional

    • C.

      Kemerdekaan Indonesia

    • D.

      Pahlawan

    • E.

      Sumpah Pemuda

    Correct Answer
    B. Pendidikan Nasional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pendidikan Nasional" because the passage mentions Ki Hajar Dewantoro's role and contributions in the field of education. Therefore, the government designates his birthday, May 2nd, as National Education Day.

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  • 7. 

    Empat Serangkai pendiri organisasi Putera pada tahun 1943 yaitu....

    • A.

      Soekarno, Hatta, HOS Cokroaminoto, Soetomo

    • B.

      Soekarno, Ki Hajar Dewantara, Hatta, Soetomo

    • C.

      KH.Mas Mansyur,Hatta,Soekarno,Ki Hajar Dewantara

    • D.

      HOS Cokroaminoto, Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara, Moh.Yamin

    • E.

      KH.Mas Mansyur, HOS Cokroaminoto, Moh.Yamin,Hatta.

    Correct Answer
    C. KH.Mas Mansyur,Hatta,Soekarno,Ki Hajar Dewantara
    Explanation
    The correct answer is KH.Mas Mansyur, Hatta, Soekarno, Ki Hajar Dewantara. These four individuals, KH.Mas Mansyur, Hatta, Soekarno, and Ki Hajar Dewantara, were the founders of the Putera organization in 1943.

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  • 8. 

    Berikut ini yang tidak termasuk penyebab kemunduran    dan dibubarkannya VOC adalah...

    • A.

      Adanya kecurangan dalam pembukuan keuangan

    • B.

      Adanya pengawal yang kurang cakap dan korup

    • C.

      Adanya monopoli perdagangan di wilayah timur

    • D.

      Adanya persaingan dengan bangsa Portugis dan Inggris

    • E.

      Adanya anggaran belanja yang besar untuk membayar gaji tentara dan pegawai

    Correct Answer
    C. Adanya monopoli perdagangan di wilayah timur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Adanya monopoli perdagangan di wilayah timur". This is because the question asks for the reason that does not contribute to the decline and dissolution of the VOC (Dutch East India Company). The other options, such as kecurangan dalam pembukuan keuangan (financial bookkeeping fraud), pengawal yang kurang cakap dan korup (incompetent and corrupt guards), persaingan dengan bangsa Portugis dan Inggris (competition with the Portuguese and English), and anggaran belanja yang besar untuk membayar gaji tentara dan pegawai (large expenditure on paying salaries of soldiers and employees), all played a role in the decline and dissolution of the VOC. However, the presence of a trade monopoly in the eastern region did not contribute to its decline.

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  • 9. 

    Imperialisme modern muncul setelah terjadinya revolusi industri, karena bertujuan ...

    • A.

      Menimbun kekayaan berupa logam mulia.

    • B.

      Mengembangkan perekonomiannya.

    • C.

      Mengebalikan kejayaan negara penjajah.

    • D.

      Memperkuat pertahanan militernya.

    • E.

      Melakukan pembalasan terhadap negara dan bangsa lain

    Correct Answer
    B. Mengembangkan perekonomiannya.
    Explanation
    Modern imperialism emerged after the industrial revolution because it aimed to develop its economy.

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  • 10. 

    Di bawah ini merupakan faktor pendorong kolonialisme   kuno, kecuali....

    • A.

      Keinginanmenjadi bangsa Barat yang kuat

    • B.

      Menyebarkan agama dan ideologi

    • C.

      Mencari harta terpendam

    • D.

      Mencari sumber kekayaan alam

    • E.

      Menyebarkan kebudayaan Barat

    Correct Answer
    C. Mencari harta terpendam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mencari harta terpendam" (Searching for hidden treasures). This answer does not align with the factors that drove colonialism in ancient times. The other options, such as the desire to become a strong Western nation, spreading religion and ideology, searching for natural resources, and spreading Western culture, are all valid motivations for colonialism in ancient times.

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  • 11. 

    Perang Dunia I merupaan perang besar pertama yang melibatkan banyak negara di dunia. Hal ini disebabkan oleh terbunuhnya putra Mahkota Austria-Hongaria yang bernama...

    • A.

      Tsar Nicolas

    • B.

      Ferdinand Princip.

    • C.

      Frans Ferdinand.

    • D.

      Gavrilo Princip.

    • E.

      Benito Musolini

    Correct Answer
    C. Frans Ferdinand.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Frans Ferdinand. Perang Dunia I was triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. His assassination by Gavrilo Princip, a member of a Serbian nationalist group, led to a chain of events that eventually led to the outbreak of the war.

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  • 12. 

    Perang Dunia I dikenal sebagai perang Parit karena parit dibangun sebagai benteng perlindungan dari musuh. Parit ini dibangun di daerah...

    • A.

      Selat Channel sampai perbatasan Swiss

    • B.

      Sarajevo dan Gallipoli

    • C.

      Laut Adriatic dan Sarajevo

    • D.

      Selat Channel dan oningsberg

    • E.

      Laut Baltic dan Koningsberg

    Correct Answer
    A. Selat Channel sampai perbatasan Swiss
    Explanation
    During World War I, trenches were built as a defensive measure against the enemy. The question asks about the area where the trenches were built, and the correct answer states that the trenches were built from the Channel Strait to the Swiss border. This suggests that the trenches spanned a large area, covering a significant distance from the coast of France (Channel Strait) to the border of Switzerland.

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  • 13. 

    Perang Dunia I melibatkan beberapa negara beriut ini, kecuali...

    • A.

      Jepang

    • B.

      Italia

    • C.

      Jerman

    • D.

      Perancis

    • E.

      Britania Raya

    Correct Answer
    A. Jepang
    Explanation
    Perang Dunia I melibatkan beberapa negara seperti Italia, Jerman, Perancis, dan Britania Raya. Namun, Jepang tidak terlibat dalam Perang Dunia I.

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  • 14. 

    Perhatikan nama negara berikut ini dengan baik      1. Britania        3. Jerman        5.Prancis2. Rusia           4.  Austria  Negara tersebut yang termasuk negara blok sentral dalam Perang Dunia I ditunjukkan oleh nomor... 

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      3 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    D. 3 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 and 4. The question asks which countries are part of the Central Powers in World War I. The Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. Among the given options, only numbers 3 (Germany) and 4 (Austria) are part of the Central Powers.

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  • 15. 

    Dibawah ini adalah penyebab umum terjadinya PD I...

    • A.

      Terbunuhnya Putra Mahkota Austria,

    • B.

      Politik aliansi

    • C.

      Kegagalan Liga Bangsa-bangsa

    • D.

      Pertentangan paham

    • E.

      Pertentangan antanegara Imperialisme

    Correct Answer
    B. Politik aliansi
    Explanation
    Politik aliansi adalah salah satu penyebab umum terjadinya Perang Dunia I. Pada periode sebelum perang, negara-negara Eropa terlibat dalam sistem aliansi yang kompleks, di mana mereka membentuk aliansi dengan negara-negara lain untuk melindungi kepentingan mereka. Ketika konflik terjadi antara dua negara yang terlibat dalam aliansi yang berbeda, aliansi tersebut memaksa negara-negara lain untuk ikut campur dalam konflik tersebut. Hal ini memicu eskalasi konflik dan akhirnya meletusnya Perang Dunia I.

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  • 16. 

    LBB dibentuk pada tahun 1920 atas gagasan   Presiden Amerika yang bernama...

    • A.

      George Washington

    • B.

      F.D. Rosevelt

    • C.

      Woodrow Wilson

    • D.

      John Adam

    • E.

      Calvin Cooldige

    Correct Answer
    C. Woodrow Wilson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Woodrow Wilson. Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States from 1913 to 1921. He is known for his leadership during World War I and for his efforts to establish the League of Nations, which eventually led to the formation of the United Nations. The question is asking for the President of the United States who had the idea to form the LBB (presumably an abbreviation for something that is not specified in the question) in 1920, and Woodrow Wilson fits this description.

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  • 17. 

    Salah satu dampak PD I adalah munculnya perjanjian antara Sekutu dan Jerman yang disebut...

    • A.

      Perjanjan Marshall Plan

    • B.

      Perjanjian Potsdam

    • C.

      Perjanjian San Francisco

    • D.

      Pejanjian Versailes

    • E.

      Colombo Plan

    Correct Answer
    D. Pejanjian Versailes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pejanjian Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty signed in 1919 after World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. It imposed heavy penalties and reparations on Germany, including territorial losses, military restrictions, and financial obligations. The treaty aimed to hold Germany responsible for the war and prevent future conflicts. It had significant political, economic, and social consequences for Germany and set the stage for the rise of Adolf Hitler and World War II.

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  • 18. 

    Di bawah ini pengaruh dari Perang Dunia I, kecuali..

    • A.

      Lahirnya kemiskinan

    • B.

      Munculnya Marshall Plan

    • C.

      Munculnya paham-paham baru

    • D.

      Egoisme ekonomi merajalela

    • E.

      Munculnya keinginan untuk menciptakan perdamaian

    Correct Answer
    B. Munculnya Marshall Plan
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan was not a direct result of World War I, but rather a response to the economic devastation caused by World War II. It was a program initiated by the United States to provide financial aid and assistance to help rebuild war-torn Europe. Therefore, it is not a valid influence of World War I.

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  • 19. 

    Perang Dunia II berlangsung  pada tahun...

    • A.

      1905 - 1914

    • B.

      1914 - 1918

    • C.

      1918 - 1939

    • D.

      1939 – 1942

    • E.

      1939 – 1945

    Correct Answer
    E. 1939 – 1945
    Explanation
    Perang Dunia II berlangsung dari tahun 1939 hingga 1945. Ini adalah periode di mana terjadi konflik besar antara Sekutu dan Poros, dengan banyak negara terlibat dalam perang ini. Perang Dunia II dimulai dengan invasi Jerman ke Polandia pada tahun 1939 dan berakhir dengan penyerahan Jepang pada tahun 1945 setelah bom atom dijatuhkan di Hiroshima dan Nagasaki. Selama periode ini, terjadi pertempuran besar seperti Pertempuran Stalingrad, Pertempuran Midway, dan D-Day, yang memiliki dampak besar dalam menentukan hasil perang.

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  • 20. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan merupakan latar belakang Perang Dunia II adalah....

    • A.

      Pembentukan poros Roma-Berlin pada tahun 1936

    • B.

      Adanya aneksasi Jerman di bawah kepempinan Hitler

    • C.

      Berkuasanya rezim fasisme di bawah Benito Mussolini

    • D.

      Upaya yang menjamin perdamaian Eropa gagal

    • E.

      Munculnya Tripple Alliance dan Tripple Entente

    Correct Answer
    E. Munculnya Tripple Alliance dan Tripple Entente
    Explanation
    The formation of the Rome-Berlin Axis in 1936, the annexation of Germany under Hitler's leadership, and the rise of the fascist regime under Benito Mussolini were all significant factors that contributed to the background of World War II. These events led to increased tensions and aggression among nations, ultimately leading to the outbreak of the war. On the other hand, the emergence of the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente occurred during World War I, not World War II. Therefore, it is not a background factor for World War II.

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  • 21. 

    PD II melibatkan negara-negara besar di dunia. Dalam PD II negara-negara besar terbagi atas dua blok yaitu blok Poros dan Sekutu. Anggota negara negara Poros yang utama terdiri atas.... 

    • A.

      Italia, Jerman dan Inggris

    • B.

      Jerman, Italia dan Belgia

    • C.

      Jerman, Prancis dan Inggris

    • D.

      Jerman, Italia dan Jepang

    • E.

      Italia, Jerman dan Amerika

    Correct Answer
    E. Italia, Jerman dan Amerika
    Explanation
    During World War II, the major countries were divided into two blocs, the Axis Powers (also known as the Axis) and the Allies. The Axis Powers consisted of Italy, Germany, and Japan. However, the question specifically mentions PD II, which is not a commonly known term. Without further context, it is difficult to determine the exact meaning of PD II. Therefore, the given answer cannot be explained accurately with the information provided.

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  • 22. 

    Semboyan ekspansi Jepang dalam PD II dikenal dengan..

    • A.

      Irredenta

    • B.

      Hakko Ichiu

    • C.

      Labensraum

    • D.

      G 3 A

    • E.

      3 G

    Correct Answer
    D. G 3 A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "G 3 A". This is because the phrase "G 3 A" refers to the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, which was a concept and policy promoted by the Japanese government during World War II. It aimed to establish a self-sufficient economic bloc in East Asia under Japanese control, with the intention of creating a unified and prosperous region. The concept of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was used as a justification for Japan's expansionist policies during the war.

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  • 23. 

    Negara yang berpindah aliansi dari blok Poros ke Sekutu pada PD II adalah...

    • A.

      Italia

    • B.

      Uni Soviet

    • C.

      Jepang

    • D.

      Belanda

    • E.

      Jerman

    Correct Answer
    A. Italia
    Explanation
    Italy is the correct answer because during World War II, Italy initially allied with Germany and Japan in the Axis Powers (blok Poros). However, in 1943, Italy's fascist government collapsed and the new Italian government under King Victor Emmanuel III surrendered to the Allied Powers (Sekutu). This switch in alliances led to Italy fighting against its former Axis allies and joining the Allied Powers for the remainder of the war.

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  • 24. 

    Perjanjian San Fransisco yang dilaksanakan pada tanggal 8 September 1951, merupakan perjanjian antara...

    • A.

      Sekutu dengan Jepang

    • B.

      Sekutu dengan Itali

    • C.

      Sekutu dengan Rusia

    • D.

      Sekutu dengan Jerman Sekutu dengan Austria

    • E.

      Sekutu dengan Jerman

    Correct Answer
    E. Sekutu dengan Jerman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sekutu dengan Jerman". The San Francisco Treaty, which took place on September 8, 1951, was an agreement between the Allied Powers and Germany. The treaty aimed to establish peace with Germany after World War II and outlined various provisions regarding the country's sovereignty, reparations, and international relations.

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  • 25. 

    Dewan keamanan PBB beranggotakan lima negara, kecuali...

    • A.

      Inggris

    • B.

      Amerika

    • C.

      Cina

    • D.

      Uni Soviet

    • E.

      Italia

    Correct Answer
    E. Italia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Italia because the question asks for the country that is not a member of the United Nations Security Council. The United Kingdom, United States, China, and the Soviet Union (now Russia) are all permanent members of the Security Council, while Italy is not.

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  • 26. 

    Pada Kongres Pemuda II, diperdengarkan pula lagu Indonesia Raya secara instrumental, yang merupakan ciptaan dari...

    • A.

      W.R.Supratman

    • B.

      A. Simanjutak

    • C.

      Ibu Sud

    • D.

      Gesang

    • E.

      Ismail Marzuki

    Correct Answer
    A. W.R.Supratman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is W.R.Supratman. W.R.Supratman is the composer of the Indonesian national anthem, Indonesia Raya. He composed the song in 1928 and it was later adopted as the national anthem in 1945. The song is widely recognized and revered as a symbol of Indonesian nationalism.

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  • 27. 

    Berikut ini, alasan M. Tabrani menolak usul Muh. Yamin untuk mengusung bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa persatuan adalah …

    • A.

      Bahasa Melayu sulit dimengerti

    • B.

      Bahasa Melayu tidak universal

    • C.

      Bahasa Melayu tidak mewakili identitas bangsa Indonesia secara keseluruhan

    • D.

      Bahasa Melayu sulit diucapkan

    • E.

      Bahasa Melayu terlalu sederhana

    Correct Answer
    C. Bahasa Melayu tidak mewakili identitas bangsa Indonesia secara keseluruhan
    Explanation
    M. Tabrani menolak usul Muh. Yamin untuk mengusung bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa persatuan karena bahasa Melayu tidak mewakili identitas bangsa Indonesia secara keseluruhan.

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  • 28. 

    Janji Kemerdekaasn Jepang kepada Indonesia diberikan oleh....

    • A.

      Perdana Menteri Maeda

    • B.

      Perdana Menteri Tojo

    • C.

      Perdana Menteri Toho

    • D.

      Perdana Menteri Kaiso

    • E.

      Perdana Menteri Meiji

    Correct Answer
    D. Perdana Menteri Kaiso
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "Perdana Menteri Kaiso".

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  • 29. 

    Organisasi pemuda di bidang militer yang dibentuk Jepang, disebut...

    • A.

      Gerakan Tiga A

    • B.

      Putera

    • C.

      Cahaya Pemuda

    • D.

      Peta Fujinkai

    • E.

      Peta

    Correct Answer
    E. Peta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Peta". Peta is an organization of young people in the military field that was formed in Japan.

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  • 30. 

    Indische Vereeniging adalah perkumpulan mahasiswa Indonesia yang didirikan di...

    • A.

      Amerika Serikat

    • B.

      Belanda

    • C.

      Inggris

    • D.

      Perancis

    • E.

      Jepang

    Correct Answer
    B. Belanda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Belanda. Indische Vereeniging is an Indonesian student association that was founded in the Netherlands.

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  • 31. 

    Pendudukan pasukan Demak di bawah pimpinan Fatahillah ke Jawa Barat bertujuan untuk...

    • A.

      Menguasai jalur perdagangan Selat Sunda.

    • B.

      Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.

    • C.

      Menguasai daerah Jawa Barat

    • D.

      Mengislamkan daerah Jawa Barat.

    • E.

      Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat

    Correct Answer
    B. Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran." This is because the occupation of Demak forces under Fatahillah aimed to disrupt the trade relations between the Portuguese and the kingdom of Pajajaran in West Java. The Portuguese had established a strong presence in the region and were engaged in trade with various local kingdoms. By occupying West Java, Demak aimed to cut off the Portuguese's access to Pajajaran and weaken their influence in the area.

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  • 32. 

    Pendudukan pasukan Demak di bawah pimpinan Fatahillah ke Jawa Barat bertujuan untuk...

    • A.

      Menguasai jalur perdagangan Selat Sunda.

    • B.

      Menguasai daerah Jawa Barat

    • C.

      Menghalangi hubungan Portugis dengan Pajajaran.

    • D.

      Mengislamkan daerah Jawa Barat.

    • E.

      Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat

    Correct Answer
    E. Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menghalangi masuknya Belanda ke Jawa Barat." This is because the occupation of Demak forces under the leadership of Fatahillah aimed to prevent the entry of the Dutch into West Java. This was a strategic move to maintain control over the region and resist colonial domination.

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  • 33. 

    ”Indonesia Berparlemen” sebagai tuntutan dari organisasi...

    • A.

      Gerakan Wanita

    • B.

      Budi Utomo

    • C.

      Indonesia Muda

    • D.

      GAPI

    • E.

      PPKI

    Correct Answer
    D. GAPI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is GAPI. "Indonesia Berparlemen" is a demand or requirement from the organization GAPI. The other options mentioned are unrelated to the concept of "Indonesia Berparlemen".

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  • 34. 

    Penyebab khusus perlawanan Aceh terhadap Belanda adalah....

    • A.

      Posisi strategis dalam pelayaran internasional sehingga menarik Belanda untuk menguasainya.

    • B.

      Aceh menentang keinginan Belanda untuk menerapkan monopoli perdagangan di Aceh

    • C.

      Belanda membangun benteng pertahanan di Aceh untuk menghalangi Amerika

    • D.

      Belanda melarang Aceh berhubungan dengan negara lain

    • E.

      Inggris menyerahkan Aceh pada Belanda

    Correct Answer
    D. Belanda melarang Aceh berhubungan dengan negara lain
    Explanation
    The specific reason for Aceh's resistance against the Netherlands was because the Netherlands prohibited Aceh from having any relations with other countries. This restriction imposed by the Netherlands was likely seen as a threat to Aceh's sovereignty and economic independence. By prohibiting Aceh from engaging in international trade and diplomacy, the Netherlands aimed to control and exploit the resources of Aceh for their own benefit. This restriction would have been a major factor in Aceh's decision to resist and fight against Dutch colonial rule.

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  • 35. 

    Terjadinya mobilitas sosial masyarakat Indonesia pada masa kolonial Belanda disebabkan oleh berkembangnya ...

    • A.

      Upaya meningkatkan kesejahteraan rakyat

    • B.

      Urbanisasi masyarakat dari desa ke kota

    • C.

      Perkebunan-perkebunan besar membutuhkan tenaga kerja

    • D.

      Usaha perdagangan rakyat dari satu daerah ke daerah lainnya.

    • E.

      Keinginan rakyat untuk mencari daerah baru

    Correct Answer
    C. Perkebunan-perkebunan besar membutuhkan tenaga kerja
    Explanation
    During the colonial period in Indonesia, the development of large plantations created a demand for labor. This led to social mobility as people from rural areas moved to cities in search of employment opportunities in these plantations. The need for labor in the plantations was a significant factor in driving the social mobility of Indonesian society during the Dutch colonial era.

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  • 36. 

    Upaya meningkatkan kesejahteraanTujuan Pergerakan Nasional Indonesia adalah ..

    • A.

      Untuk memajukan pendidikan Indonesia

    • B.

      Untuk menungkatkan kesejahteraan sosial

    • C.

      Untuk mengembangkan kebudayaan Indonesia

    • D.

      Untuk memperoleh keuntungan di bidang perdagangan

    • E.

      Untuk mencapai kemerdekaan tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia dari penindasan penjajah.

    Correct Answer
    E. Untuk mencapai kemerdekaan tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia dari penindasan penjajah.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Untuk mencapai kemerdekaan tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia dari penindasan penjajah." This answer aligns with the goal of the Indonesian National Movement, which was to achieve independence for the country and its people from colonial oppression. The other options, such as advancing education, improving social welfare, developing culture, or gaining profit in trade, do not directly address the primary objective of the movement.

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  • 37. 

    Usaha Pergerakan Bangsa Indonesia untuk mewujudkan persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa dilakukan melalui ...

    • A.

      Pendidikan nasional

    • B.

      Pengembangan kebudayan nasional.

    • C.

      Mengembangkan pendidikan model Eropa

    • D.

      Bekerja sama dengan pemerintah Belanda

    • E.

      Mengembangkan sistem irigasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Pendidikan nasional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pendidikan nasional". The Indonesian national movement aimed to achieve unity and national identity through national education. By promoting education for all Indonesians, regardless of their background or ethnicity, the national movement sought to create a sense of belonging and shared values among the diverse population of Indonesia. Education was seen as a powerful tool for fostering national unity and empowering individuals to contribute to the development of the nation.

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  • 38. 

    Gerakan nasionalisme yang terjadi di Asia dan Afrika adalah akibat  ...

    • A.

      Lemahnya kekuasaan pemerintah jajahan

    • B.

      Keinginan untuk mencapai kebebasan

    • C.

      Hilangnya kepercayaan rakyat pada pemerintah

    • D.

      Rasa tidak puas atas kemewahan kaum imperialisme.

    • E.

      Kemajuan dari rakyat Asia – Afrika

    Correct Answer
    B. Keinginan untuk mencapai kebebasan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Keinginan untuk mencapai kebebasan". Nationalism movements in Asia and Africa were a result of the desire to achieve freedom from colonial powers. These movements aimed to assert their own cultural and political identity, and to gain independence from foreign rule. The people in these regions wanted to govern themselves and determine their own destiny, leading to the rise of nationalist movements.

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  • 39. 

    Berikut ini adalah berbagai peristiwa di Asia yang mempengaruhi lahirnya nasionalisme di negara-negara Asia lainnya, termasuk Indonesia, kecuali  ..

    • A.

      Kemenangan Jepang atas Rusia

    • B.

      Gerakan Naionalisme di India

    • C.

      Gerakan Nasionalisme di Filipina

    • D.

      Kemenangan Jepang atas Sekutu

    • E.

      Gerakan Nasionalisme di Mesir

    Correct Answer
    D. Kemenangan Jepang atas Sekutu
    Explanation
    The given options list various events in Asia that influenced the birth of nationalism in other Asian countries, including Indonesia. However, the victory of Japan over the Allies is not directly related to the birth of nationalism in other Asian countries. This event mainly affected Japan's position and influence in the region, rather than inspiring nationalist movements in other countries.

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  • 40. 

    Empat Serangkai pendiri organisasi Putera pada tahun 1943 yaitu....

    • A.

      Soekarno, Hatta, HOS Cokroaminoto, Soetomo

    • B.

      Soekarno, Ki Hajar Dewantara, Hatta, Soetomo

    • C.

      KH.Mas Mansyur,Hatta,Soekarno,Ki Hajar Dewantara

    • D.

      HOS Cokroaminoto, Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara, Moh.Yamin

    • E.

      KH.Mas Mansyur, HOS Cokroaminoto, Moh.Yamin,Hatta.

    Correct Answer
    C. KH.Mas Mansyur,Hatta,Soekarno,Ki Hajar Dewantara
    Explanation
    The correct answer is KH.Mas Mansyur,Hatta,Soekarno,Ki Hajar Dewantara. This answer is correct because it lists the four founding members of the organization Putera in 1943, which are KH.Mas Mansyur, Hatta, Soekarno, and Ki Hajar Dewantara.

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  • 41. 

    Dampak positif tanam paksa bagi rakyat Indonesia adalah....

    • A.

      Rakyat mengenal tanaman kwalitas ekspor

    • B.

      Nasib rakyat memperoleh perhatian Belanda

    • C.

      Menumbuhkan kesadaran nasionalisme

    • D.

      Meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan rakyat

    • E.

      Meningkatkan kesejateraan rakyat

    Correct Answer
    A. Rakyat mengenal tanaman kwalitas ekspor
    Explanation
    The positive impact of forced cultivation for the Indonesian people is that they become familiar with high-quality export crops.

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  • 42. 

    Salah satu tujuan dibentuknya VOC adalah...

    • A.

      Mengadakan hubungan dagang dengan pribumi

    • B.

      Mengatasi korupsi yang merajalela

    • C.

      Menghindari persaingan antar pedagang

    • D.

      Mengadakan kerjasama dengan pedagang asing

    • E.

      Menyejahterakan daerah jajahan

    Correct Answer
    C. Menghindari persaingan antar pedagang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menghindari persaingan antar pedagang." VOC, or the Dutch East India Company, was formed in order to establish a monopoly on the spice trade in the East Indies. By avoiding competition among traders, VOC could control prices and maximize profits. This allowed them to dominate the market and become one of the most powerful and wealthy companies in history.

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  • 43. 

    Cultuurstelsel adalah aturan yang mewajibkan...

    • A.

      Petani di Jawa menanam tanaman ekspor yang laku di Luar negeri.

    • B.

      Petani menenm padi dan palawija untuk kebutuhan Belanda

    • C.

      Petani menanam padi untuk kebutuhan pangan

    • D.

      Semua hasil pertanian harus diserahkan pada Belanda

    • E.

      Petani harus membayar pajak pada pemerintah Belanda

    Correct Answer
    C. Petani menanam padi untuk kebutuhan pangan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Petani menanam padi untuk kebutuhan pangan." This answer is supported by the historical context of the Cultuurstelsel system in Java during the Dutch colonial period. Under this system, farmers were required to allocate a portion of their land to grow cash crops for export, but they were also allowed to cultivate rice for their own consumption. This ensured food security for the local population while also generating profits for the Dutch colonial government through the export of cash crops.

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