The criminal justice system has three major components: the _______________, the various _______________, and __________________________.
Six major processes in the criminal justice system are:
Deciding what ______________________________
Detection of _________ and ____________________
Determining whether __________________________
Deciding ____________________________________, and
Carrying __________________________ (punishment)
Guidelines for determining who and what behaviors are acceptable or unacceptable are established by _____________________________________________.
The prosecuting attorney reviews the charges filed __________________________________________________________.
If the prosecutor does not believe there is sufficient evidence to justify the charges, he or she can ____________________________________________.
If the prosecutor accepts the case, the defendant is ______________________________________________________.
Jurisdiction is the courts inherent right to __________________________________________________________________________________.
Venue is the __________________________________________________________________.
When charges are filed that may result is a prison sentence, the judge __________________________________________________________________________________________.
The first appearance is concerned with ________________________ and securing the ______________________________, and it may take only a _____________________________________________.
Bail is a promise, usually backed by a _______________________________, that the accused will return for __________________________________________________.
If the identity of arrestees cannot reliably be established, the police are empowered to ______________________________________________________.
Following charges being filed against the person at the first appearance, a ________________________________ (sometimes referred to as a "______________________________" hearing) is held.
The charges against the defendant maybe changed from those charged at the first appearance, _________________________________________________________________.
An alternative method of bringing a person to trial is the grand jury system, the only ___________________________________________________.
The major difference between a grand jury and a trial is that:
Defendants are not ______________________________________.
Defendants cannot have an _______________________________________________________.
They may not even be informed that ________________________________________________.
The grand jury will determine if there is probable cause _______________________________________________________________.
An indictment is a formal, _________________________ forwarded to the court that:
asserts that probable cause exists to _______________________________________________
and authorizes the court to ________________________________________
The arraignment is the last step in ___________________________________.
At the arraignment, the defendant appears before the court with their attorney to hear the ______________________________________.
At the arraignment, after charges are read, the judge _____________________________________.
A number of motions ________________________________________________.
A motion is a formal request of the court by the ___________________________________________________.
If the defendant pleads not guilty or "stands ________" (refuses to enter a plea) at the ____________________________, a __________________________ is set.
Most cases do not go to trial because they are __________________, _______________________________________, and are __________________________.