The amount of incoming solar radiation
The tilt of the Earth's axis
All of these answers
The amount of soalr energy reaching Earth's surface is dependent on latitude.
Hot air rises
Air at the lower latitudes tends to cool and fall or sink downward
Cool air is denser than warm air
The differential in solar energy striking the equator versus the poles sets up general global air circulation patterns.
The Earth's rotation is faster under air at the poles causing the prevailing winds.
The Earth's rotational tilt and revolution around the sun cause seasonal variations in temperature.
The Earth's rotation, the inclination of the Earth's axis, prevailing winds, and differences in water density cause ocean currents.
More light on the windward side of mountain ranges
More light on the leeward side of mountain ranges
Drier conditions on the windward side of mountain ranges
Drier conditions on the leeward side of mountain ranges
Temperature and ocean currents
Precipitation and light
Temperature and precipitation
Light and temperature