Reading Comprehension Quiz

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Coral reefs are among the most diverse and productive ecosystems on Earth. Consisting of both living and non-living components, this type of ecosystem is found in the warm, clear, shallow waters of tropical oceans worldwide. The functionality of the reefs ranges from providing food and shelter to fish and other forms of marine life to protecting the shore from the ill effects of erosion and putrefaction. In fact, reefs actually create land in tropical areas by formulating islands andcontributing mass to continental shorelines. Although coral looks like a plant, actually it is mainly comprised of the limestone skeleton of a tiny animal called a coral polyp. While corals are the main components of reef structure, they are not the only living participants. Coralline algae cem


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements does NOT describe the Great Barrier Reef?   
    • A. 

      The Great Barrier reef is a colorful and active underwater structure.

    • B. 

      The Great Barrier Reef is home to endangered sea turtles.

    • C. 

      The Great Barrier Reef is threatened by vacationers.

    • D. 

      The Great Barrier Reef is a producer of small islands and landmasses.

    • E. 

      The Great Barrier Reef is the cause of much beachfront erosion in Northeastern Australia.

  • 2. 
    Based on information from the passage, 4,020 km would beapproximately how many miles?  
    • A. 

      402

    • B. 

      1250

    • C. 

      1500

    • D. 

      2010

    • E. 

      2500

  • 3. 
    In line 6 of the passage, putrefaction most nearly means : 
    • A. 

      Decay

    • B. 

      Farming

    • C. 

      Jettison

    • D. 

      Liquification

    • E. 

      Purification

  • 4. 
    The primary purpose of this passage is to  
    • A. 

      Dispel the argument that coral is a plant, not an animal

    • B. 

      Explain in detail how the Great Barrier Reef is constructed

    • C. 

      Alert the reader to a premier vacation destination in the tropics

    • D. 

      recommend that tourists stop stealing coral off the Great Barrier Reef.

    • E. 

      Inform the reader that coral reefs are a threatened, yet broadly functioning ecosystem

  • 5. 
    According to the passage, all of the following are a threat to a coralreef EXCEPT  
    • A. 

      Tourists

    • B. 

      Pollution

    • C. 

      Erosion and putrefaction

    • D. 

      Rising water temperatures

    • E. 

      Crown-of-thorns starfish

  • 6. 
    Summarize the passage in 100 words.