Communities band together to fight Persia
The rough terrain isolated communities forming city-states
The landscape united Greece in to one large empire
Athens had the first democracy.
A land of flat, fertile plains
A land of small hills and dense forests
A rocky, mountainous land
A cold, barren land
Became expert shipbuilders.
Learned how to climb mountains.
Gave up trying to travel.
Took up farming.
An independent city which functions as its own country
A market-place where goods were traded
A high hill on which a fortress was often built to protect the nation
The capital city within a large nation
Became bored and developed the desire to travel.
Disliked their-city-states and began to rebel against them.
Thought of themselves as residents of the city-state, not as Greeks.
Fled their city-states in fear and set up their own colonies.
Alexander the Great
Citizens elect officials to make the laws.
All citizens help make the laws.
All men, women, and children can vote.
Citizens act as judges and lawmakers
Aristocrats had more power than citizens.
All citizens had the right to participate in the assembly.
Every citizen had the right to speak.
Citizens could serve on smaller councils.
Only included the wealthy people born in Athens.
Included all free men born in Athens.
Include those considered citizens in our country today.
"rule by the few"
"rule of the leaders"
"rule of the people"
"rule of the powerful"
What things the Greek people most valued.
Why natural or historical events happened.
Why humans should worship the gods.
Why humans or animals behaved like they did.
Learning about philosphy
Preparing for battles
Learning to lead people
They disliked sports and exercise.
They were strong and healthy.
They did not enjoy their lives.
They mainly ran the households.
Alexander thought that all other cultures were weak.
Alexander was trying to build a friendship with the Greeks.
Alexander was trying to make the Persian Empire angry.
Alexander admired and enjoyed Greek culture and ideas.
The Delian League
Words on the building
Sparta attacked Athens.
The Roman empire fell.
The Persian army invaded.
Alexander threatened Greece.