More news value is placed on better-known persons or institutions. In these stories one of the most important news questionsis who.
Something that happened, is about to happen, or was just announced.Something that happened recently is generally more interesting than something that happened a month or year ago. This focuses on the news question: when.
The less frequently something happens, the greater the news value. The cliché example is that when a dog bites a man it’s not news, but when a man bites a dog it is. Some websites dedicate a whole section to this.
They revolve around people and are generally heartwarming or inspirational stories. They often celebrate the human spirit (overcoming obstacles) or highlight people who go out of their way to help others, or have accomplished something unusual or extraordinary. Even though they often focus on people the news question answered is what.
The more people affected by an event, the greater its news value. This may not always be apparent at face value. The reporter may have to explain the impact to the reader. This answers the question what.
These are stories of an informative nature. Examples include consumer, health, or “how to” articles along with topics that appeal to certain readers’ interests such as religion, women issues, etc. The topics covered would be determined by the number of readers who might be interested.
Answers the questions how and why for the reader or audience. Helps them understand what is happening and why it matters.
It is human nature that we pay more attention to clash than to routine. We take note of such things because they create drama and suggest the unsettled nature of certain situations. This may involve be between individuals, teams, organizations, but also people who have overcome obstacles.
We are generally more concerned about events near us than far away. The size of the community can also be a factor. The smaller the community the news organization serves more important it is. This answers the question of where.