Py 102 Exam 3 (chapters 3, 5, 9, 10) (call 202-556-3515)

30 Questions

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Stress Quizzes & Trivia

Exam 3 (Stress & Health Psychology; States of Consciousness; Life Span I & II). If you have a problem during exam call me at 202-556-3515 (9am-12midnight).


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In your text, the physical and mental arousal to situations that we perceive as threatening or challenging is called _____.
    • A. 

      Distress

    • B. 

      Eustress

    • C. 

      Stress

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a stressor?
    • A. 

      Winning the lottery

    • B. 

      A death in the family

    • C. 

      Taking a test

    • D. 

      All of these options ARE stressors

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Desmond; Desmond's attraction to the woman

    • B. 

      Approaching the attractive woman; Desmond's racing heart

    • C. 

      Desmond's racing heart and dilated pupils; the attractive woman

    • D. 

      None of these options; this is an enjoyable experience

  • 4. 
    According to Selye, pleasant, desirable stress is called _____.
    • A. 

      Eustress

    • B. 

      Pseudo-stress

    • C. 

      Excitement

    • D. 

      Happiness

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the major causes of stress identified in your text?
    • A. 

      Life changes

    • B. 

      Death of a child

    • C. 

      Burnout

    • D. 

      Hassles

  • 6. 
    People who experience flashbacks, nightmares, and impaired functioning following a life-threatening or other horrifying event are _____.
    • A. 

      Suffering from a psychosomatic illness

    • B. 

      Experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C. 

      Having a nervous breakdown

    • D. 

      Weaker than people who take such events in stride

  • 7. 
    Any pain that continues or recurs for six months or more is considered to be _____.
    • A. 

      Life-threatening

    • B. 

      Chronic

    • C. 

      Psychosomatic

    • D. 

      Caused by an incompetent physician

  • 8. 
    _____ is (are) BEST defined as our awareness of our environments and ourselves.
    • A. 

      Alternate states of consciousness (ASCs)

    • B. 

      Consciousness

    • C. 

      States of consciousness

    • D. 

      Selective attention

  • 9. 
    Circadian rhythms are _____.
    • A. 

      Patterns that repeat themselves on a twice daily schedule

    • B. 

      Physical and mental changes associated with the cycle of the moon

    • C. 

      Rhythmical processes in your brain

    • D. 

      Biological changes that occur on a 24-hour cycle

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of Stages 3 and 4 sleep?
    • A. 

      Story-like dreams

    • B. 

      The brain is most receptive to foreign language or other learning tapes

    • C. 

      Very slow, high-amplitude delta waves

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 11. 
    REM sleep is also called _____ because the brain is aroused and active while the person remains nonresponsive and asleep.
    • A. 

      Pseudo-sleep

    • B. 

      Hypnogogic sleep

    • C. 

      Paradoxical sleep

    • D. 

      Transitional sleep

  • 12. 
    Your text reports that the suspected cause of sleep apnea is _____.
    • A. 

      A malfunction in the reticular activating system or the brain stem

    • B. 

      Malnutrition, alcoholism, or obesity

    • C. 

      An airway blockage or the brain's failure to signal the diaphragm

    • D. 

      A mystery to sleep researchers at this time

  • 13. 
    Drugs that change conscious awareness or perception are called _____.
    • A. 

      Addictive

    • B. 

      Hallucinogenic

    • C. 

      Psychoactive

    • D. 

      Mind altering

  • 14. 
    Drug abuse requires that the drug user _____.
    • A. 

      Use a substance that causes emotional or physical harm to self or to others

    • B. 

      Develop a tolerance to the substance being abused

    • C. 

      Develop an addiction to the substance being abused

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 15. 
    The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes throughout the lifespan is called _____.
    • A. 

      Thanatology

    • B. 

      Neo-gerontology

    • C. 

      Developmental psychology

    • D. 

      Longitudinal psychology

  • 16. 
    _____ research studies several groups of individuals at various ages, at one point in time, and provides information regarding _____.
    • A. 

      Longitudinal; age differences

    • B. 

      Cross-sectional; age differences

    • C. 

      Longitudinal; age changes

    • D. 

      Cross-sectional; age changes

  • 17. 
    Teratogens are _____ that can cause birth defects.
    • A. 

      DNA fragments

    • B. 

      Environmental agents

    • C. 

      Recessive genes

    • D. 

      Dominant genes

  • 18. 
    According to the programmed theory, aging is _____.
    • A. 

      Environmentally controlled

    • B. 

      Genetically controlled

    • C. 

      Accelerated by the accumulation of damaged cells

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 19. 
    _____ was one of the first scientists to prove that a child's cognitive processes are fundamentally different from an adult's.
    • A. 

      Baumrind

    • B. 

      Beck

    • C. 

      Elkind

    • D. 

      Piaget

  • 20. 
    The four stages of Piaget's cognitive development model are _____.
    • A. 

      Assimilation, accommodation, adaptation, and association

    • B. 

      Sensory, motor, operational, and abstract

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor, precognitive, operational, and abstract operational

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational

  • 21. 
    _____ parents set firm limits, encourage increasing levels of responsibility, and are sensitive and caring toward their children, whereas _____ parents value unquestioning obedience and mature responsibility, and remain detached and aloof from their children.
    • A. 

      Democratic; dictatorial

    • B. 

      Authoritative; authoritarian

    • C. 

      Democratic; authoritative

    • D. 

      Permissive; nonpermissive

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is TRUE of the postconventional level of moral development?
    • A. 

      Morality is defined in terms of abstract principles and values.

    • B. 

      Moral reasoning is based on compliance with the rules and values of society.

    • C. 

      Empathy for others is important, but social approval is still a primary concern.

    • D. 

      Adherence to one's individual values and beliefs is more important than the consequences of one's choices for others.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of Thomas and Chess's temperament styles?
    • A. 

      An easy child who is happy, relaxed, agreeable, adjusts readily

    • B. 

      A difficult child who is moody, easily frustrated, tense, over-reactive

    • C. 

      A child who is slow-to-warm-up, shy and withdrawn

    • D. 

      A child with colic who cries inconsolably for several hours

  • 24. 
    The belief that adult personality reflects how an individual has met or resolved the challenges and crises that occur in eight stages of development is the definition of _____.
    • A. 

      Erikson's psychosocial stages of development

    • B. 

      Freud's psychosexual stages of development

    • C. 

      Thomas and Chess's theory of temperament development

    • D. 

      Kohlberg's model of moral development

  • 25. 
    Robert is an adolescent who is sullen and withdrawn. He doesn't seem to know where he fits in society. As a result, Robert may have difficulty resolving the _____ developmental stage.
    • A. 

      Autonomy versus shame and doubt

    • B. 

      Identity versus role confusion

    • C. 

      Initiative versus guilt

    • D. 

      Industry versus inferiority

  • 26. 
    Which of the following cultures revere the elderly?
    • A. 

      Japan and China

    • B. 

      Most Native-American tribes

    • C. 

      African-American

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is the correct sequence for Kubler-Ross's stage theory of dying?
    • A. 

      Denial  anger  bargaining  depression  acceptance

    • B. 

      Anger  denial  depression  bargaining  acceptance

    • C. 

      denial  bargaining  anger  depression  acceptance

    • D. 

      Bargaining  denial  depression  anger  acceptance

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 29. 
    The typical difference between a counseling psychologist and a clinical psychologist is _____.
    • A. 

      Training and educational requirements

    • B. 

      Licensure requirement

    • C. 

      Ability to work in private practice

    • D. 

      Work settings primarily in severe in-patient hospitals

  • 30. 
    The indirect hierachy of pay within the counseling community has ___________ earning the most.
    • A. 

      Family and marriage counselors in private practice

    • B. 

      School counselors in educational system

    • C. 

      Counselors in social service or community agencies

    • D. 

      Rehabilitation counselors in community centers