Psychology Quiz Ch 1

59 Questions | Total Attempts: 192

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psycology quiz chapter one


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the definition of Psycology, behavior means
    • A. 

      Internal, covert processes

    • B. 

      Mental processes

    • C. 

      Outward or overt actions and reactions.

    • D. 

      Only human behavior

  • 2. 
    Dr. Watson designs a special behavior program for helping children who are bullies learn how to be less aggressive and more successful in social relationships. Dr. Watson is most interested in the Goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control

  • 3. 
    Experimental psychologists who design experiments to determine the causes of behavior would be most interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control

  • 4. 
    Name which of the following early psycologists would have been most likely to agree with the statement, "The study of the mind should focus on how it allows us to adapt to our surroundings."
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      William James

    • C. 

      John Watson

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 5. 
    Which early perspective would have been LEAST likely to agree with the structurallists?
    • A. 

      Intropectionism

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Gesalt

  • 6. 
    Who was the first woman president of the American Psychological Association?
    • A. 

      Mary Whiton Calkins

    • B. 

      Mary Cover Jones

    • C. 

      Margret Washburn

    • D. 

      Eleanor Gibson

  • 7. 
    In the experiment with "little peter", what did mary cover jones use as a stimulus to counter Little Peter's fear of the rabbit?
    • A. 

      A white rat

    • B. 

      Food

    • C. 

      A loud noise

    • D. 

      Relaxation

  • 8. 
    Which of the following pairs represents the two psychology perspectives that were also part of the historical beginnings of psycology?
    • A. 

      Humanism an behaviorism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism and psychodynamics

    • C. 

      Psychodynamics and humanisim

    • D. 

      Cognitive psychology and psychodynamics

  • 9. 
    Which perspective is known as the "third force" in psychology?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Humanism

  • 10. 
    Elsie suffered a stroke and had to be hospitalized. While in the hospital, she talked funny, garbled words and seemed to think that she was being held against her will. Which of the following perspectives BEST explains Elsie's odd behavior?
    • A. 

      Psycodynamics

    • B. 

      Cogniive psychology

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Biopsychology

  • 11. 
    Which perspective would a researcher be taking if she were studying the way children store and retrieve information?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognative psychology

    • D. 

      Evolutionary perspective

  • 12. 
    Which of the following professionals in psychology focuses more on the enviromental conditions that affect mental disorders?
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalyst

    • C. 

      Psychiatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psychologist

  • 13. 
    Dr. Roaden works in a school system, dealing directly with children who have emotional, academis, and behavioral problems. Dr. Roaden is most likely what type of psychologist?
    • A. 

      Personality

    • B. 

      Developmental

    • C. 

      School

    • D. 

      Comparitive

  • 14. 
    In the scientific meathod, the first step is
    • A. 

      Reporting your results

    • B. 

      Perceiving the question

    • C. 

      Drawing conclusions

    • D. 

      Testing the hypothesis

  • 15. 
    In naturalistic observation, the phenomenon in which the behavior of the subjects being observed changes because they are being watched is called
    • A. 

      Observer bias

    • B. 

      Participant observation

    • C. 

      Observer effect

    • D. 

      Representitive sampling

  • 16. 
    The use of _________ helps to control for the effect of observer bias.
    • A. 

      Blind observers

    • B. 

      Single trained observer

    • C. 

      Randomly selected observers

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    The main advantage of case study is that it is not
    • A. 

      Easly done due to the large number of subjects

    • B. 

      Detailed enough for most reseach questions

    • C. 

      Generalized to other similar conditions

    • D. 

      Biased

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is the BEST example of a representitive sample?
    • A. 

      You ask your fellow students to be participants in a study of adult memory

    • B. 

      You ask people from your church to participate in a study of family values

    • C. 

      You choose people shopping in an expensive store in the mall to respond to your suvey

    • D. 

      You choose people randomly from a telephone book to respond to your survey

  • 19. 
    It is common knowlege that the more you study, the higher your grade will be. What kind of correlation is this relationship?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Zero

    • D. 

      Casual

  • 20. 
    Which of the following would indicate the strongest relationship between two variables?
    • A. 

      +1.04

    • B. 

      -0.89

    • C. 

      +0.75

    • D. 

      +0.54

  • 21. 
    Inan experiment to test the effects of alchol on memory, the experimenter gives vodka mixed with orange juice to one group of subjects and orange juice with no vodka to the other group. She then messures the memory skills of both groups by means of a memory test. In this study, the independant variable would be.
    • A. 

      Scores on the memory test

    • B. 

      The presence or absence of vodka in the orange juice

    • C. 

      Intelligence

    • D. 

      A placebo

  • 22. 
    In the same experiment the control group gets
    • A. 

      Only one drink of orange juice with vodka

    • B. 

      A fake test of memory

    • C. 

      Only something to eat

    • D. 

      The orange juice without the vodka

  • 23. 
    In a ___________ study, neither the experimenter nor the participants know who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
    • A. 

      Placebo

    • B. 

      Single-blind

    • C. 

      Double-blind

    • D. 

      Triple-blind

  • 24. 
    In Dr. Amabile's classic experiment of the effects of reward on creativity, what was the dependant variable?
    • A. 

      The special instructions to each group

    • B. 

      The collage party

    • C. 

      The ratings of creativity from the experts for each child's collage

    • D. 

      The size of the collages

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the common ethical rules?
    • A. 

      Participants have to give informed consent

    • B. 

      Deceptions cannot be used in any studies with human beings

    • C. 

      The rights and well being of the participants must come first

    • D. 

      Data must be confidential

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