Psychology Test 4 Preparation Chapter 12

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 662

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

This is a quick quiz on basic terms we have to know for the test. Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The branch of psychology that studies how people think, feel, and behave in social situations.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 2. 
    The mental processes people use to make sense out of their social environment.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 3. 
    The mental processes we use to form judgments and draw conclusions about teh characteristics and motives of other people.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 4. 
    The tendency to attribute the behavior of others to internal, personal characteristics, while ignoring or underestimating the effects of external, situational factors
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 5. 
    The mental processes of inferring the causes of people's behavior, including one's own.
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 6. 
    A network of assumptions or beliefs about the relationships among various types of people, traits, and behaviors.
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 7. 
    An unpleasant state of psychological tension or arousal that occurs when two thoughts or perceptions are inconsistent.
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 8. 
    The assumption that the world is fair and that therefore people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 9. 
    The tendency to attribute one's own behavior to external, situational causes, while attributing the behavior of others to internal, personal causes.
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 10. 
    A social group to which one does not belong.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 11. 
    A cluster of characteristics that are associated with all members of a specific social group, often qualities that are unrelated to the objective criteria that define the group.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 12. 
    The tendency to see member of out-groups as very similar to one another.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 13. 
    Behavior that is motivated b the desire to gain social acceptance and approval.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 14. 
    The tendency to judge the behavior of in-group members favorably and out-group members unfavorably.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 15. 
    Behavior that is motivated by the desire to be correct.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 16. 
    Any behavior that helps another, whether the underlying motive is self-serving or selfless.
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

  • 17. 
    A phenomenon in which the presence of other people makes it less likely that any individual will help someone in distress because the obligation to intervene is shared among all the onlookers.
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

  • 18. 
    A phenomenon in which the greater the number of people present, the less likely each individual is to help someone in distress
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

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