Psychology Test 4 Preparation Chapter 12

18 Questions

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

This is a quick quiz on basic terms we have to know for the test. Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The branch of psychology that studies how people think, feel, and behave in social situations.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 2. 
    The mental processes people use to make sense out of their social environment.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 3. 
    The mental processes we use to form judgments and draw conclusions about teh characteristics and motives of other people.
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Social cognition

    • D. 

      Person perception

    • E. 

      Social norms

  • 4. 
    The tendency to attribute the behavior of others to internal, personal characteristics, while ignoring or underestimating the effects of external, situational factors
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 5. 
    The mental processes of inferring the causes of people's behavior, including one's own.
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 6. 
    A network of assumptions or beliefs about the relationships among various types of people, traits, and behaviors.
    • A. 

      Social categorization

    • B. 

      Implicit personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Blaming the victim

  • 7. 
    An unpleasant state of psychological tension or arousal that occurs when two thoughts or perceptions are inconsistent.
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 8. 
    The assumption that the world is fair and that therefore people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Just-world hypothesis

    • B. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      Attitude

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 10. 
    A social group to which one does not belong.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 11. 
    A cluster of characteristics that are associated with all members of a specific social group, often qualities that are unrelated to the objective criteria that define the group.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 12. 
    The tendency to see member of out-groups as very similar to one another.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Stereotype

    • C. 

      In-group

    • D. 

      Out-group

    • E. 

      Out-group homogeneity effect

  • 13. 
    Behavior that is motivated b the desire to gain social acceptance and approval.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 14. 
    The tendency to judge the behavior of in-group members favorably and out-group members unfavorably.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 15. 
    Behavior that is motivated by the desire to be correct.
    • A. 

      In-group bias

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Normative social influence

    • E. 

      Informational social influence

  • 16. 
    Any behavior that helps another, whether the underlying motive is self-serving or selfless.
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

  • 18. 
    A phenomenon in which the greater the number of people present, the less likely each individual is to help someone in distress
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Prosocial behavior

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Diffusion of responsibility