Psychology Semester Exam Review

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 74

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychology is defined as…?
    • A. 

      Humanistic study of emotions and feelings

    • B. 

      Sociological study of individual and group dynamics

    • C. 

      The scientific study of behavior

    • D. 

      Study of supernatural phenomena

  • 2. 
    The majority of psychologists are…?
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologists

    • B. 

      Counseling psychologists

    • C. 

      School psychologists

    • D. 

      Developmental psychologists

  • 3. 
    In its early days, the school of psychoanalysis stressed that behavior was caused by…?
    • A. 

      Heredity rather than environment

    • B. 

      Environment rather than heredity

    • C. 

      Unconscious motive and conflicts

    • D. 

      Conscious choice and self-direction

  • 4. 
    A person suffering from depression would most likely be treated by a…?
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • B. 

      Experimental psychologist

    • C. 

      Social psychologist

    • D. 

      Developmental psychologist

  • 5. 
    Which of the following routinely works within the criminal justice system?
    • A. 

      Health psychologist

    • B. 

      Consumer psychologist

    • C. 

      Forensic psychologist

    • D. 

      Industrial psychologist

  • 6. 
    What kind of psychologist would you be if you worked in a laboratory and researched various issues?
    • A. 

      Clinical

    • B. 

      Forensic

    • C. 

      Organizational

    • D. 

      Experimental

  • 7. 
    The skills needed for riding a bicycle are stored as...?
    • A. 

      Procedural memories

    • B. 

      Episodic memories

    • C. 

      Generic memories

    • D. 

      Echoic memories

  • 8. 
    Facts learned in classes at school become part of the...?
    • A. 

      Procedural memories

    • B. 

      Episodic memories

    • C. 

      Generic memories

    • D. 

      Echoic memories

  • 9. 
    Studying for a test in the same room in which it will be held may result in a better grade because of...?
    • A. 

      Iconic memory

    • B. 

      State-dependent memory

    • C. 

      Context-dependent memory

    • D. 

      Sensory memory

  • 10. 
    The first stage of memory is...?
    • A. 

      Long-term memory

    • B. 

      Context-dependent memory

    • C. 

      Short-term memory

    • D. 

      Sensory memory

  • 11. 
    The average person can hold in short-term memory a list of...?
    • A. 

      2 items

    • B. 

      15 items

    • C. 

      7 items

    • D. 

      10 items

  • 12. 
    We can easily remember bits of information by organizing them into mental representations of the world called...?
    • A. 

      Icons

    • B. 

      Echoes

    • C. 

      Mnemonic devices

    • D. 

      Schemas

  • 13. 
    The easiest of the three basic memory tasks is...?
    • A. 

      Recall

    • B. 

      Recognition

    • C. 

      Relearning

    • D. 

      Chunking

  • 14. 
    Infantile amnesia is probably the result of...?
    • A. 

      The immaturity of the hippocampus

    • B. 

      Undeveloped language abilities

    • C. 

      The present-oriented nature of infants

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Most people forget things because of the normal process of...?
    • A. 

      Maintenance and elaborative rehearsal

    • B. 

      Interference and decay

    • C. 

      Repression and amnesia

    • D. 

      Chunking and schemas

  • 16. 
    An essay test shows a student's mastery of a subject because of the process of...?
    • A. 

      Recall

    • B. 

      Recognition

    • C. 

      Relearning

    • D. 

      Chunking

  • 17. 
    According to Herman Ebbinghaus' experiments, a person's ability to recall a list of words decrease dramatically...?
    • A. 

      Seven minutes after learning the list

    • B. 

      During the first hour after hearing the list

    • C. 

      Two hours after learning the list

    • D. 

      One day after hearing the list

  • 18. 
    The type of consciousness we experience when we are conscious of external sensation is...?
    • A. 

      Sensory awareness

    • B. 

      Direct inner awareness

    • C. 

      Self-consciousness

    • D. 

      Dream time

  • 19. 
    Many of our basic biological functions, such as breathing, exist at the...?
    • A. 

      Preconscious level

    • B. 

      Unconscious level

    • C. 

      Self-consciousness level

    • D. 

      Nonconscious level

  • 20. 
    A traumatic memory, such as our very own birth, would be found at the...?
    • A. 

      Preconscious level

    • B. 

      Unconscious level

    • C. 

      Self-consciousness level

    • D. 

      Nonconscious level

  • 21. 
    According to the biopsychological approach, dreaming occurs because of the...?
    • A. 

      Random firing of neurons

    • B. 

      Dreamer's unconscious wishes or urges

    • C. 

      Effects of sleep disorders

    • D. 

      Dreamer's circadian rhythms

  • 22. 
    Sleepwalking in children is probably caused by...?
    • A. 

      An inability to fall into a deep sleep

    • B. 

      Immaturity of the nervous system

    • C. 

      Stimulants such as coffee or sugar

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Biofeedback has been used successfully to treat...?
    • A. 

      High blood pressure

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Eating disorder

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    B. F. Skinner's experiments on rats and pigeons yielded information about...?
    • A. 

      Operant conditioning

    • B. 

      Counterconditioning

    • C. 

      Classical conditioning

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 25. 
    Albert Bandura is synonymous with what kind of learning?
    • A. 

      Operant conditioning

    • B. 

      Observational learning

    • C. 

      Classical conditioning

    • D. 

      Shaping

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