Psychology Quiz Ch 4

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 71

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology quiz ch. 4


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When our mental activity undergoes a change in quality or pattern, this is called a _______.
    • A. 

      Waking consciousness

    • B. 

      Altered state of consciousness

    • C. 

      Transient state of consciousness

    • D. 

      Hallucination

  • 2. 
    The sleep-wake cycle is a(n)____________ rhythm, normally occuring every 24 hours.
    • A. 

      Annual

    • B. 

      Monthly

    • C. 

      Circadian

    • D. 

      Nocturnal

  • 3. 
    The superchiasmatic nucleus instructs the_________gland to release _______.
    • A. 

      Pineal;melatonin

    • B. 

      Pineal;serotonin

    • C. 

      Pituitary;melatonin

    • D. 

      Pituitary;serotonin

  • 4. 
    Which of the following does NOT have a role in determining when we sleep?
    • A. 

      Light and dark information

    • B. 

      Body tempreture

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Serotonin

  • 5. 
    Which theory of why we sleep explains why we sleep when we do.
    • A. 

      Restorative theory

    • B. 

      Adaptive theory

    • C. 

      Reactive theory

    • D. 

      REM theory

  • 6. 
    In which stage of sleep is a person who is very hard to awaken.
    • A. 

      Stage one

    • B. 

      Stage two

    • C. 

      Stage three

    • D. 

      Stage four

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of REM sleep.
    • A. 

      Paralysis of voluntary muscles

    • B. 

      Increase in heart rate

    • C. 

      Slower, deeper breathing

    • D. 

      Increased body temprature

  • 8. 
    Acting out your nightmares is a rare condition called______.
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Night terrors

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy

    • D. 

      REM behavior disorder

  • 9. 
    In which disorder does breathing stop for half a minute or more?
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Night terrors

    • C. 

      Sleepwalking

    • D. 

      Narcolepsy

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is bad advice for someone suffering from insomnia?
    • A. 

      Do not watch tv or read in bed.

    • B. 

      Avoid coffee, tea, or other caffine-containing products before bed.

    • C. 

      Do not study or work in bed.

    • D. 

      Lie in bed until you fall asleep, even if it takes several hours.

  • 11. 
    Nightmares occur in____________sleep, whereas night terrors occur in________sleep.
    • A. 

      Stage one;Stage two

    • B. 

      REM;NREM

    • C. 

      Stage four;Stage one

    • D. 

      NREM;REM

  • 12. 
    In freuds theory, the symbolic content of dreams is called_______.
    • A. 

      Manifest content

    • B. 

      Latent content

    • C. 

      Symbolic content

    • D. 

      Hidden content

  • 13. 
    Which dream theory states that dreams are simply the brains way of explaining random neural activity while sleeping.
    • A. 

      Freudian dream theory

    • B. 

      Dreams for survival theory

    • C. 

      Activation-synthesis

    • D. 

      Hall's dreams as reflections of everyday life

  • 14. 
    According to Hobson and McCarley, the _________ area of the brain sends signals to the ____________, creating what we interperet as dreams.
    • A. 

      Cerebellum; forebrain

    • B. 

      Forebrain;cerebellum

    • C. 

      Cortex;pons

    • D. 

      Pons;cortex

  • 15. 
    Shelia once had a dream in which she was trying to reach something important but couldn't. The harder she tried the less she could move-it was like moving in molasses. This is most likely explained by ___________.
    • A. 

      Anxiety

    • B. 

      REM paralysis

    • C. 

      Stage four paralysis

    • D. 

      A night terror

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not one of the steps in inducing hypnosis?
    • A. 

      Putting the person to sleep

    • B. 

      Telling a person to relax

    • C. 

      Telling the person to use vivid imagination

    • D. 

      Telling a person to let go

  • 17. 
    The tendancy to act as though your behavior is out of your control and involuntary is called (the)____________.
    • A. 

      Hypnosis effect

    • B. 

      Basic involuntary effect

    • C. 

      Basic suggestion effect

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Hypnosis has been successfully used to _______.
    • A. 

      Give a person superhuman strength

    • B. 

      Recall memories accuratly and completely

    • C. 

      Reduce sensations of pain

    • D. 

      Regress a person back to infancy

  • 19. 
    In the___________ theory of hypnosis, the person has a part of the mind that is not hypnotised and that is fully aware of the proceedings.
    • A. 

      Social-cognative

    • B. 

      Dissociative

    • C. 

      Role-playing

    • D. 

      Expectancy

  • 20. 
    What are the two symptoms of physical dependency
    • A. 

      Drug tolorance and physical dependency

    • B. 

      Psychological dependancy and withdrawal

    • C. 

      Drug tolorance and withdrawal

    • D. 

      Psychological cravings and nausea.

  • 21. 
    Larger and larger doses of amphetamines can lead to a severe mental disturbance and paranoia called______________.
    • A. 

      Amphetamine neurosis

    • B. 

      Amphetamin psychosis

    • C. 

      Amphetaminism

    • D. 

      Amphetamine toxicity

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the three signs of cocain abuse?
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Compulsive use

    • C. 

      Loss of control

    • D. 

      Disregard for consequences

  • 23. 
    Caffiene replaced _________ in patient medicines and over the counter preparations in the early 1900's.
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Morphine

    • C. 

      Opium

    • D. 

      Nicotine

  • 24. 
    The "date rape" drug, Rohypnol, is one of the _________.
    • A. 

      Majjor tranquilizers.

    • B. 

      Barbituates

    • C. 

      Minor tranquilizers

    • D. 

      Opiates

  • 25. 
    Several of her friends suspect Marine is using some sort of drug. She is very thin, stays awake for long periods of time, and is often jittery, nervous, and somewhat paranoid. If marine is using a drug, it is likely to be __________.
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      An amphetamine

    • C. 

      Sleeping pills

    • D. 

      Benzodiazapine