Chale9128 Psychology Final Exam

144 Questions | Total Attempts: 107

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is POOR advice for a person who wishes to promote self actualization?
    • A. 

      Be willing to change

    • B. 

      Take responsibility

    • C. 

      Try to live up to what others think you should be

    • D. 

      Seek peak experiences

  • 2. 
    A baby cries when it hears a strangers voice but not when it hears it mothers voice. This illustrates
    • A. 

      Stimulus generalization

    • B. 

      Response Chaining

    • C. 

      Stimulus Discrimination

    • D. 

      Spontaneous Recovery

  • 3. 
    Seligman Persons and others have identified six human strengths that contribute to well being and life satisfaction. These include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Temperance

    • B. 

      Transcendence

    • C. 

      Justice

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 4. 
    Which dream theorist believed that dreams are based on wish fulfillment with these unconscious desires and conflicts being disguised as dream symbols?
    • A. 

      Calvin Hall

    • B. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • C. 

      Stephen LaBerge

    • D. 

      Rosalind Cartwright

  • 5. 
    An obsession is an unwanted __________, while a compulsion is an unwanted _________ .
    • A. 

      Emotion; thought

    • B. 

      Thought; Phobia

    • C. 

      Thought; Behavior

    • D. 

      Behavior; Thought

  • 6. 
    The process of fully developing personal potentials is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Self reinforcement

    • B. 

      Self Efficacy

    • C. 

      Organismic valuing

    • D. 

      Self actualization

  • 7. 
    The rods in each eye
    • A. 

      Are specialized for color sensations and detecting fine details

    • B. 

      Function best in bright light

    • C. 

      Number about 120 million and are found mainly in the periphery of the eye

    • D. 

      Are characterized by all of those

  • 8. 
    Calvin has been on a "pleasure binge" for the last three days. He has cleaned out his bank account spending the money on anything that gains his attention. He would be described as loud, elated, and hyperactive. A week ago he was feeling like a failure and was withdrawn and unhappy. Calvin would most likely by diagnosed with
    • A. 

      Dysthymic disorder

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Dissociative disorder

    • D. 

      Bipolar disorder

  • 9. 
    Roger stays in a chronic state of tension and constantly worries about his job and his family. He often experiences profuse sweating, a racing heart, rapid breathing, and an upset stomach. There is a good chance that his is experiencing:
    • A. 

      A nervous breakdown

    • B. 

      A generalized anxiety disorder

    • C. 

      Psychosis

    • D. 

      Sociopathy

  • 10. 
    Mrs Campbell gives her students a star for every completed homework assignment. The star serves as a:
    • A. 

      Negative reinforcer

    • B. 

      Response cost

    • C. 

      Primary reinforcer

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcer

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is/are examples of neurotransmitters?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Histine

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 12. 
    Humanists reject the emphasis on instrincts and unconscious forces found in
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic theory

    • B. 

      Social learning theories

    • C. 

      Behavioral theories

    • D. 

      Trait theories

  • 13. 
    Which of these is a tranquilizer that is oderless, tasteless, cheap, ten times more potent than Valium, and has been used as a date rape drug?
    • A. 

      Rohypnol

    • B. 

      MDMA

    • C. 

      Psilocybin

    • D. 

      LSD

  • 14. 
    A man from India is experiencing fatigue, loss of appetite, weakness, anxiety, and sexual dysfunction. He is also feeling extremely guilty due to his fear of losing semen during nocturnal emissions. This culture-bound syndrome is known as :
    • A. 

      Dhat

    • B. 

      Koro

    • C. 

      Amok

    • D. 

      Zar

  • 15. 
    Which of the folloiwing would be POOR advice for a person who wants to lead a self actualized life?
    • A. 

      Judge your progress by the standards of others

    • B. 

      Get involved and commit to a "calling" in life

    • C. 

      Almost any activity can be used as a chance for self enhancement if it is approached creatively

    • D. 

      Examine your motives

  • 16. 
    SAD stands for
    • A. 

      Situational affected Depression

    • B. 

      Sensory Afferent Dorsal

    • C. 

      Seasonal Affective Disorder

    • D. 

      Situationally Affected Discrimination

  • 17. 
    Research conducted by Chua Boland and Nisbett found that Ammerican participants tended to focus on the fugure within a scene, while the Chinese participants focused on the background. They concluded that Americans tend to have a
    • A. 

      Shorter attention span

    • B. 

      Longer attention span

    • C. 

      Broader focus of attention

    • D. 

      Narrow focus of attention

  • 18. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the conditions that Psychologist Joseph Steinmetz found in individuals who had unusual eye blink conditioning?
    • A. 

      Autism

    • B. 

      Obsessive compulsive disorder

    • C. 

      Fetal alcohol syndrome

    • D. 

      Adjustment disorder

  • 19. 
    From her studies of chimpanzees in the wild in Tanzania, Jane Goodall showed that humans are not the only tool-making animals. In discovering this information, Jane Goodall used which type of research method?
    • A. 

      A Correlational study

    • B. 

      Experimental method

    • C. 

      Survey method

    • D. 

      Naturalistic observation

  • 20. 
    Human superstitions can be partially explained by
    • A. 

      Their apparent connection to the reinforcement

    • B. 

      The tendency of a reward to reinforce only the response which immediately precedes it.

    • C. 

      The effects of latent learning

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 21. 
    Secondary reinforcers are
    • A. 

      Reinforcing because they fulfill a biological need

    • B. 

      Learned

    • C. 

      Almost never effective

    • D. 

      Innate

  • 22. 
    The captain of a small fishing boat complains that on exceptionally clear days distances are harder to judge. This is probably due to the loss of which depth cue?
    • A. 

      Aeriel perspective

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Convergence

    • D. 

      Relative size

  • 23. 
    Regarding the treatment and prognosis for mental disorders, which of the following statements is/are TRUE?
    • A. 

      Major mental disorders rarely respond well to drugs or any other technique

    • B. 

      A major depression or a psychotic episode inevitably leads to a lifelong dysfunction

    • C. 

      Many milder mental disorders can be successfully treated

    • D. 

      All of these statements are true

  • 24. 
    In a newborn infant, one could expect total sleep time each day to approach
    • A. 

      20 hours

    • B. 

      24 hours

    • C. 

      12 hours

    • D. 

      Eight hours

  • 25. 
    Due to neuroplasticity, violin, viola, and cello players have a larger proportion of their ____________ devoted to their hands.
    • A. 

      Primary motor cortex

    • B. 

      Limbic system

    • C. 

      Reticular formation

    • D. 

      Association cortex

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