Psychology Ch 7 Memory

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| Written by Amansara
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 216
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 219

Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mind, with specific reference to aspects of conscious and unconscious experience, as well as mind and, the focus of this quiz; memory. What do you know about it? Let’s take a look.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A process through which responses are learned that help produce some rewarding or desired effect.

    Instrumental conditioning refers to a process in which an individual learns responses that lead to desired outcomes or rewards. It involves learning through trial and error, where behaviors that result in positive consequences are more likely to be repeated in the future. This type of conditioning is also known as operant conditioning, as it focuses on the relationship between behaviors and their consequences. Through instrumental conditioning, individuals learn to associate their actions with specific outcomes, shaping their behavior accordingly.

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  • 2. 

    Classically conditioned avoidance of certain foods.

  • 3. 

    Learning that is not demonstrated at the time it occurs.

    Latent learning refers to the process of acquiring knowledge or skills that are not immediately demonstrated or expressed. It suggests that learning can occur without any immediate reinforcement or motivation. This type of learning is not immediately observable or apparent, but it becomes evident when there is a need or motivation to use the acquired knowledge or skills. In other words, latent learning involves the acquisition of information that is not immediately used or demonstrated but can be utilized later when necessary.

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  • 4. 

    When we want a behavior to stop. the presentation of aversive stimulus of the removal of a pleasant stimulus.

    Punishment refers to the use of aversive stimuli or the removal of pleasant stimuli to decrease the likelihood of a behavior occurring again in the future. In this context, the explanation suggests that punishment is used when we want a behavior to stop. This could involve presenting an aversive stimulus, such as a reprimand or physical discomfort, or removing a pleasant stimulus, such as taking away privileges or rewards. The use of punishment aims to decrease the occurrence of the behavior by associating it with negative consequences.

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  • 5. 

    A mental representation, or picture, of the environment.

    A cognitive map is a mental representation or picture of the environment. It is a mental tool that helps individuals navigate and understand their surroundings. It allows them to store and recall information about the layout of spaces, locations of objects, and the relationships between different elements. This cognitive map helps individuals make decisions, plan routes, and remember important details about their environment. It is a useful tool for problem-solving, spatial reasoning, and overall navigation.

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  • 6. 

    Putting in a form that you use to store the material. putting information ini some kind of form so we can store it eventually retreive.

    The given answer, "encoding," aligns with the explanation provided in the question. Encoding refers to the process of converting information into a specific format or form that can be stored and retrieved later. It involves transforming data into a standardized representation, making it easier to store, transmit, and interpret. By encoding information, we ensure that it can be efficiently stored and accurately interpreted when needed.

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  • 7. 

    Unable to recall information. an increase in errors when trying to retrieve information.

    The given answer "forgetting" accurately explains the concept of being unable to recall information and experiencing an increase in errors while trying to retrieve it. Forgetting refers to the failure to remember or retain information that was previously learned or stored in memory. It can occur due to various factors such as decay over time, interference from other memories, or lack of proper encoding. This explanation aligns with the symptoms described in the question and provides a concise understanding of the concept.

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  • 8. 

    Remembering of an event when you were there, when you saw it.

    Episodic memory refers to the ability to recall specific events or experiences from one's personal past. It involves remembering details such as the time, place, emotions, and sensory information associated with the event. In this case, the answer "episodic memory" is appropriate because it accurately describes the act of remembering an event that one personally experienced, such as being present and witnessing it. This type of memory is distinct from other forms, such as semantic memory (general knowledge) or procedural memory (skills and habits).

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  • 9. 

    Remembering hot to do a physical tasks.

  • 10. 

    Remembering general knowlege of the world.

    Semantic memory refers to the type of memory that stores general knowledge and facts about the world. It is our ability to recall information such as historical events, facts about different subjects, and concepts. This type of memory is not tied to personal experiences but rather focuses on the understanding and knowledge of the world around us. Therefore, the answer "semantic memory" aligns with the statement "remembering general knowledge of the world."

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  • 11. 

    Putting it in a form that you can use to store the material. putting information in some kind of form so we can store it eventually retreive.

    The process of encoding involves converting information into a specific format or form that can be easily stored and retrieved later. It allows us to transform data into a structured and manageable form, making it easier to organize, store, and transmit. Encoding ensures that the information is represented in a standardized way, enabling efficient storage and retrieval of the material when needed.

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