Psychology 121 - Chapter 15

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 841

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If 100 adults were randomly selected from the population and assessed, about how many of them would meet the diagnostic criteria for a psychological disorder?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      40

  • 2. 
    _________ have a Ph.D. or a Psy.D., which qualifies them to assess, diagnose, and treat psychological disorders, but they usually do not prescribe medication.
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologists

    • B. 

      Counselors

    • C. 

      Psychiatrists

    • D. 

      Social workers

  • 3. 
    Electric psychotherapy is often rated as the most commonly used treatment among practicing therapists and involves using:
    • A. 

      Electroshock therapy and a variety of antipsychotic drugs.

    • B. 

      Holistic natural medicine supplemented with intense psychoanalysis.

    • C. 

      A variety of techniques depending on the client and the problem.

    • D. 

      Ypnosis, herbal remedies, and alternative therapy as an initial treatment.

  • 4. 
    The psychodynamic approach to therapy generally focuses on exploring _________ to develop insight into an individual's psychological problems.
    • A. 

      Traumatic events throughout the lifespan

    • B. 

      Childhood events

    • C. 

      Adulthood events

    • D. 

      The power of positive thinking

  • 5. 
    Freud suggested that patients are able to gain insight into their unconscious through each of these techniques except:
    • A. 

      Analyzing their dreams.

    • B. 

      Using free association.

    • C. 

      Introspecting about the structure of consciousness.

    • D. 

      The analyst interpreting the underlying meaning of the client's behavior.

  • 6. 
    One major factor that distinguishes cognitive and behavioral treatments from psychodynamic psychotherapy is that:
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic approaches focus on dysfunctional thoughts and maladaptive behaviors.

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic approaches focus on identifying current environmental triggers that contribute to mental illness.

    • C. 

      Cognitive and behavioral treatments focus on dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors.

    • D. 

      Cognitive and behavioral treatments focus on early developmental processes.

  • 7. 
    A father is having trouble with the conduct of his teenage son. The son does not like to study or perform his assigned household chores. The therapist suggests that the father identify activities that his son enjoys, such as playing video games, and only provide access to these activities upon completion of the homework and chores. The therapist is implementing a __________ therapy.
    • A. 

      Behavioral

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic interpersonal

    • C. 

      Existential

    • D. 

      Cognitive

  • 8. 
    A highly effective way to reduce the fear associated with specific objects and eventually overcome a phobia is to:
    • A. 

      Avoid any experiences associated with the feared object or event.

    • B. 

      Confront the fear by gradually increasing exposure to the feared object or event.

    • C. 

      Present the feared object or event at random times when the person is not expecting it.

    • D. 

      Punish any fearful reactions by the individual when she comes in contact with the feared object or event.

  • 9. 
    Will went into therapy for depression. The depression started when his three-year relationship ended. Will reported thinking that "something was wrong with him, no one wanted him, and he would be alone for the rest of his life." The therapist focused on reminding Will of his other intimate relationships and getting Will to see that he was not alone because he had friends and family. Which kind of therapy was Will's therapist using?
    • A. 

      Cognitive restructuring

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic

    • C. 

      Behavioral

    • D. 

      Humanistic

  • 10. 
    Koby went into therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Her therapist made her make a list of things that made her anxious and then assigned rewards to be earned if she confronted and successfully dealt with these things. Each week, she was assigned an event on the list as homework. During therapy sessions, Koby discussed her weekly progress, and her therapist was careful to detect and challenge irrational beliefs about her anxiety and replace them with more realistic beliefs. Koby received __________ therapy.
    • A. 

      Behavioral-existential

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Cognitive-behavioral therapy

  • 11. 
    The empty chair technique, which involves role-playing an imaginary exchange between the client and another person, is associated with what therapy treatment?
    • A. 

      Group therapy

    • B. 

      Person-centered therapy

    • C. 

      Gestalt therapy

    • D. 

      Behavioral therapy

  • 12. 
    Group therapy, such as couples or family therapy, addresses problems with:
    • A. 

      The individual in the relationship creating the most conflict.

    • B. 

      The relationship that is the source of conflict.

    • C. 

      The individual in the relationship that is experiencing the most distress.

    • D. 

      Each individual separately, focusing on their unique childhood experiences

  • 13. 
    Traditional antipsychotic drugs, such as Thorazine, do very well in reducing _________ symptoms associated with schizophrenia but show little to no improvement for the _________ symptoms.
    • A. 

      Inhibited; uninhibited

    • B. 

      Uninhibited; inhibited

    • C. 

      Positive; negative

    • D. 

      Negative; positive

  • 14. 
    Herbal remedies and natural products that can be purchased in the United States:
    • A. 

      Are empirically shown to be effective in treating psychological disorders.

    • B. 

      Have been deemed safe by the Food and Drug Administration.

    • C. 

      May be effective in treating certain psychological disorders but further research must be done.

    • D. 

      Almost always produce negative psychological side effects.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements about seeking treatment for a psychological disorder is false?
    • A. 

      Most people with major depressive disorder seek treatment.

    • B. 

      Women are more likely to seek treatment than men.

    • C. 

      Treatment reduces society's financial burden associated with different disorders.

    • D. 

      About 1 in 5 people in the general population are in need of treatment.

  • 16. 
    _________ have a master's degree, are often employed by government or private social service agencies, and are trained to work with people in dire circumstances, such as poverty, homelessness, or severe family conflict.
    • A. 

      Counselors

    • B. 

      Social workers

    • C. 

      Counseling psychologists

    • D. 

      Psychiatrists

  • 17. 
    The two main types of treatments for mental disorders are:
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis and behavior modification.

    • B. 

      Psychoanalysis and drug therapy.

    • C. 

      Psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.

    • D. 

      Psychotherapy and medical/biological treatment.

  • 18. 
    The goal of psychoanalysis is for the client to understand _________ by developing _________.
    • A. 

      The preconscious; phobias

    • B. 

      Consciousness; hallucinations

    • C. 

      The superego; insight

    • D. 

      The unconscious; insight

  • 19. 
    Over time, Heather has begun to feel a strong emotional attachment to her therapist, treating him like a father figure. This represents the process of:
    • A. 

      Directed flow.

    • B. 

      Transference.

    • C. 

      Interpretative association.

    • D. 

      Sublimation.

  • 20. 
    What form of psychodynamic therapy focuses on helping clients improve their current relationships?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Person-centered therapy

    • C. 

      Interpersonal psychotherapy

    • D. 

      Social psychotherapy

  • 21. 
    Token economy is a technique used in what type of therapy?
    • A. 

      Behavior therapy

    • B. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • C. 

      Cognitive behavioral therapy

    • D. 

      Humanistic therapy

  • 22. 
    Cognitive therapy focuses on:
    • A. 

      Identifying unconscious desires and wishes developed during childhood.

    • B. 

      Changing behavior through punishment and reward.

    • C. 

      Changing an individual's distorted thought processes.

    • D. 

      Enhancing intelligence through multiple cognitive test batteries.

  • 23. 
    A common therapy used to treat anxiety and depression, known as _________, stresses that some behaviors are not controlled through rational thought but, nevertheless, there are ways of helping people to think more rationally when thought does play a role.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behavioral therapy

    • C. 

      Cognitive therapy

    • D. 

      Cognitive behavioral therapy

  • 24. 
    Alison and her therapist have agreed that Alison will control the length and frequency of her sessions. Her therapist also tries not to give advice but rather to rephrase Alison's concerns in order to help Alison feel safe expressing her thoughts and feelings. Alison is probably in what type of therapy?
    • A. 

      Person-centered therapy

    • B. 

      Cognitive behavioral therapy

    • C. 

      Interpersonal therapy

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

  • 25. 
    One of the most common treatments of depression is to use SSRIs, which work by:
    • A. 

      Blocking the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.

    • B. 

      Preventing serotonin neurotransmitters from overstimulating the brain through beta-blockers.

    • C. 

      Causing vesicles to prematurely release large amounts of serotonin into the synapse.

    • D. 

      Increasing the activity of enzymes that metabolize serotonin.

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