Psych Vocab: Brain Part II

35 Questions

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Brain Part II. Mrs. Montini's class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface.
  • 2. 
    A condition in which the two hemispheres of the brain are isolated by cutting the connecting fibers between them.
  • 3. 
    A naturally or experimentally cuased destruction of brain tissue.
  • 4. 
    A series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body.
  • 5. 
    A visual display of brain activity that detects wehre a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task.
  • 6. 
    A technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computergenerated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain.
  • 7. 
    The oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; it is responsible for autonomic survival functions.
  • 8. 
    The base of the brain stem; controls heartbeat and breathing.
  • 9. 
    A nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal.
  • 10. 
    The brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem, it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla.
  • 11. 
    The "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance.
  • 12. 
    A doughnut shaped system of neural structures at the border of the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions such as fear and agression and drives such as those for food and sex.
  • 13. 
    Two almond-shaped neural clusters that are components of the limbic system and linked to emotion.
  • 14. 
    A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities, help govern the endocrine system via the pituary gland, and is linked to emotion.
  • 15. 
    The intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and info-processing center.
  • 16. 
    Cells in the nervous sytem that support, nourish, and protect neurons.
  • 17. 
    The portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and in muscle movements and in making plans and judgements.
  • 18. 
    The portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and towards the rear; includes the sensory cortex.
  • 19. 
    The portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes the visual areas, which receive visual info from the opposite visual field.
  • 20. 
    The portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes the auditory areas.
  • 21. 
    An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements.
  • 22. 
    The area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body sensations.
  • 23. 
    Areas of the cerebral cortex not involved in primary motor or sense functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, thinking, and speaking.
  • 24. 
    Impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to the Broca's area or Wernicke's area.
  • 25. 
    Controls language expression; an area of the frontal lobe that directs the muscle movements involved in speech.
  • 26. 
    Controls language reception.
  • 27. 
    The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them.
  • 28. 
    The brain's capacity for modification, as evident in brain reorganization following damage.
  • 29. 
    The body's "slow" chemical communication system, a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
  • 30. 
    Chemical messengers of the endocrine system.
  • 31. 
    A pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. Arouses.
  • 32. 
    The endocrine's most influencial gland.  Under the influence of the hypothalamus.
  • 33. 
    The part of the brain that includes the limbic system and cerebral cortex.
  • 34. 
    A structure in the limbic system that is connected to memory.
  • 35. 
    Internal balance that the body tries to mantain.