Psychology Exam1

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 73

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is all about psychology! How much do you know about the science of behaviour and mind, the aspects of conscious and unconscious experience, and the concept of thought? Let’s find out right now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychology is formally defined as:
    • A. 

      The study of human problems.

    • B. 

      The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

    • C. 

      The scientific investigation of unconscious mental processes.

    • D. 

      The treatment of mental illness.

  • 2. 
    Which famous Greek philosopher wrote extensively about such psychological topics as perception, senses, memory, and thinking?
    • A. 

      Augustine

    • B. 

      Aquinas

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Aristotle

  • 3. 
    Interactive dualism is the idea that:
    • A. 

      Mind and body are separate entities that interact to produce conscious experiences.

    • B. 

      People with very diverse qualities and beliefs are most likely to be attracted to each other.

    • C. 

      Most severe mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, involve a splitting of the mind.

    • D. 

      All living organisms must interact and perform dual functions to survive.

  • 4. 
    How did physiology contribute to the emergence of psychology as a separate scientific discipline?
    • A. 

      At the International Physiology Convention in 1868, leading physiologists signed the document “Separation of Physiology and Psychology.”

    • B. 

      The famous Bonn University Physiology Department voted to split into two departments--physiology and psychology.

    • C. 

      In defining the boundaries of their science, physiologists rejected the study of mental processes and behavior.

    • D. 

      Physiologists demonstrated that scientific methods could be applied to understanding human behavior and mental processes.

  • 5. 
    It was _____ who opened the first psychology laboratory in _____.
    • A. 

      Carl Jung; 1922

    • B. 

      Wilhelm Wundt; 1879

    • C. 

      Margaret Floy Washburn; Washington, D.C.

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud; Vienna

  • 6. 
    Which of the following people played a key role in establishing psychology as a scientific discipline in the United States?
    • A. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • B. 

      William James

    • C. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 7. 
    Sigmund Freud:
    • A. 

      Taught at Cornell University after Edward Titchener died.

    • B. 

      Founded humanistic psychology.

    • C. 

      Successfully treated William James for major depression.

    • D. 

      Believed that experiences in early childhood were critical in the formation of adult personality.

  • 8. 
    The founder of behaviorism was:
    • A. 

      Wiliam James

    • B. 

      John Watson

    • C. 

      Carl Jung

    • D. 

      G. Stanley Hall

  • 9. 
    Humanistic psychology emphasized:
    • A. 

      Unconscious determinants of personality and behavior.

    • B. 

      Free will, self-determination, psychological growth, and human potential.

    • C. 

      The experimental study of overt, observable behaviors.

    • D. 

      The active role played by mental processes in organizing sensations into meaningful perceptions.

  • 10. 
    The _____ perspective emphasizes the physical basis of human behavior, including the nervous system and genetics.
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Biological

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic

    • D. 

      Behavorial

  • 11. 
    In contrast to collectivistic cultures, individualistic cultures tend to:
    • A. 

      Be less susceptible to cultural influences.

    • B. 

      Downplay individual abilities and achievements.

    • C. 

      Stress the interdependence of all people.

    • D. 

      Value the needs and goals of the individual over the needs and goals of the group.

  • 12. 
    During her first trip abroad, Paula was surprised to find that people in other cultures ate such foods as snails, squid, insects, lizards, earthworms, and seaweed. “One day they will become civilized like us and eat normal foods like donuts, pizza, hot dogs, and hamburgers and fries,” she e-mailed her parents. Paula's remarks reflect a tendency called:
    • A. 

      Expectancy effects.

    • B. 

      Demand characteristics.

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism.

    • D. 

      Collectivism.

  • 13. 
    The evolutionary perspective in psychology:
    • A. 

      Analyzes behavior in terms of its adaptive function, such as how it increases a species' chances to survive and reproduce.

    • B. 

      Analyzes how the key ideas of psychology have evolved since it was founded as an experimental science in the mid-1800s.

    • C. 

      Has had next to no influence in psychology after it was flatly rejected by William James in the late 1800s.

    • D. 

      Is now regarded as nothing more than pseudoscience

  • 14. 
    Cognitive psychology focuses on the study of:
    • A. 

      How people are affected by their social environments.

    • B. 

      Mental processes.

    • C. 

      Psychological disorders and their treatment.

    • D. 

      Children with special needs.

  • 15. 
    Empirical evidence refers to evidence that is the result of:
    • A. 

      Intuition, logic, and critical thinking.

    • B. 

      Experience, philosophy, and opinion.

    • C. 

      Experience, logic, and statistics

    • D. 

      Observation, measurement, and experimentation.

  • 16. 
    In contrast to the experimental method, the basic goal of the descriptive methods is to:
    • A. 

      Deduce valid operational definitions and generate new experiments.

    • B. 

      Investigate and refute “common sense” notions about human behavior.

    • C. 

      Observe and describe behavior.

    • D. 

      Manipulate variables in a meaningful way.

  • 17. 
    In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is:
    • A. 

      Unknown.

    • B. 

      Beyond the researcher's control, as it independently varies or changes over time.

    • C. 

      Deliberately manipulated by the researcher.

    • D. 

      Affected by changes in the dependent variable.

  • 18. 
    Of the following correlation coefficients, which represents the strongest relationship between two factors?
    • A. 

      +.03

    • B. 

      -.80

    • C. 

      -.15

    • D. 

      +.38

  • 19. 
    The branch of psychology that is focused on understanding the internal physical events and processes that correspond with our experiences and behavior is called:
    • A. 

      Clinical psychology.

    • B. 

      Forensic psychology.

    • C. 

      Biological psychology.

    • D. 

      Cognitive physiology.

  • 20. 
    The branch of science that is concerned with the study of the nervous system, especially the brain, is called:
    • A. 

      Neuroscience.

    • B. 

      Clinical psychology.

    • C. 

      Interdisciplinary science.

    • D. 

      Developmental psychology.

  • 21. 
    The type of specialized cell whose main function is to communicate between neurons is a(n):
    • A. 

      Sensory neuron.

    • B. 

      Motor neuron.

    • C. 

      Interneuron.

    • D. 

      Glial cell.

  • 22. 
    Neurons are:
    • A. 

      Highly specialized cells that receive and transmit information from one area of the body to another.

    • B. 

      Found only in the spinal cord and bone marrow.

    • C. 

      Highly specialized cells that produce myelin.

    • D. 

      Found in primates and humans, but not in other animals

  • 23. 
    Compared to neurons that do not have myelin, neurons with myelin:
    • A. 

      Can communicate up to 20 times faster.

    • B. 

      Do not have an axon.

    • C. 

      Are unable to communicate with other neurons.

    • D. 

      Use much more energy.

  • 24. 
    The point of communication between two neurons is called the:
    • A. 

      Synapse

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Node of Ranvier

    • D. 

      Ion channel

  • 25. 
    The most common form of communication between neurons is:
    • A. 

      Electrical

    • B. 

      Hormonal

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Magnetic