Psychology Exam1

50 Questions

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is all about psychology! How much do you know about the science of behaviour and mind, the aspects of conscious and unconscious experience, and the concept of thought? Let’s find out right now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychology is formally defined as:
    • A. 

      The study of human problems.

    • B. 

      The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

    • C. 

      The scientific investigation of unconscious mental processes.

    • D. 

      The treatment of mental illness.

  • 2. 
    Which famous Greek philosopher wrote extensively about such psychological topics as perception, senses, memory, and thinking?
    • A. 

      Augustine

    • B. 

      Aquinas

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Aristotle

  • 3. 
    Interactive dualism is the idea that:
    • A. 

      Mind and body are separate entities that interact to produce conscious experiences.

    • B. 

      People with very diverse qualities and beliefs are most likely to be attracted to each other.

    • C. 

      Most severe mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, involve a splitting of the mind.

    • D. 

      All living organisms must interact and perform dual functions to survive.

  • 4. 
    How did physiology contribute to the emergence of psychology as a separate scientific discipline?
    • A. 

      At the International Physiology Convention in 1868, leading physiologists signed the document “Separation of Physiology and Psychology.”

    • B. 

      The famous Bonn University Physiology Department voted to split into two departments--physiology and psychology.

    • C. 

      In defining the boundaries of their science, physiologists rejected the study of mental processes and behavior.

    • D. 

      Physiologists demonstrated that scientific methods could be applied to understanding human behavior and mental processes.

  • 5. 
    It was _____ who opened the first psychology laboratory in _____.
    • A. 

      Carl Jung; 1922

    • B. 

      Wilhelm Wundt; 1879

    • C. 

      Margaret Floy Washburn; Washington, D.C.

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud; Vienna

  • 6. 
    Which of the following people played a key role in establishing psychology as a scientific discipline in the United States?
    • A. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • B. 

      William James

    • C. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 7. 
    Sigmund Freud:
    • A. 

      Taught at Cornell University after Edward Titchener died.

    • B. 

      Founded humanistic psychology.

    • C. 

      Successfully treated William James for major depression.

    • D. 

      Believed that experiences in early childhood were critical in the formation of adult personality.

  • 8. 
    The founder of behaviorism was:
    • A. 

      Wiliam James

    • B. 

      John Watson

    • C. 

      Carl Jung

    • D. 

      G. Stanley Hall

  • 9. 
    Humanistic psychology emphasized:
    • A. 

      Unconscious determinants of personality and behavior.

    • B. 

      Free will, self-determination, psychological growth, and human potential.

    • C. 

      The experimental study of overt, observable behaviors.

    • D. 

      The active role played by mental processes in organizing sensations into meaningful perceptions.

  • 10. 
    The _____ perspective emphasizes the physical basis of human behavior, including the nervous system and genetics.
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Biological

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic

    • D. 

      Behavorial

  • 11. 
    In contrast to collectivistic cultures, individualistic cultures tend to:
    • A. 

      Be less susceptible to cultural influences.

    • B. 

      Downplay individual abilities and achievements.

    • C. 

      Stress the interdependence of all people.

    • D. 

      Value the needs and goals of the individual over the needs and goals of the group.

  • 12. 
    During her first trip abroad, Paula was surprised to find that people in other cultures ate such foods as snails, squid, insects, lizards, earthworms, and seaweed. “One day they will become civilized like us and eat normal foods like donuts, pizza, hot dogs, and hamburgers and fries,” she e-mailed her parents. Paula's remarks reflect a tendency called:
    • A. 

      Expectancy effects.

    • B. 

      Demand characteristics.

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism.

    • D. 

      Collectivism.

  • 13. 
    The evolutionary perspective in psychology:
    • A. 

      Analyzes behavior in terms of its adaptive function, such as how it increases a species' chances to survive and reproduce.

    • B. 

      Analyzes how the key ideas of psychology have evolved since it was founded as an experimental science in the mid-1800s.

    • C. 

      Has had next to no influence in psychology after it was flatly rejected by William James in the late 1800s.

    • D. 

      Is now regarded as nothing more than pseudoscience

  • 14. 
    Cognitive psychology focuses on the study of:
    • A. 

      How people are affected by their social environments.

    • B. 

      Mental processes.

    • C. 

      Psychological disorders and their treatment.

    • D. 

      Children with special needs.

  • 15. 
    Empirical evidence refers to evidence that is the result of:
    • A. 

      Intuition, logic, and critical thinking.

    • B. 

      Experience, philosophy, and opinion.

    • C. 

      Experience, logic, and statistics

    • D. 

      Observation, measurement, and experimentation.

  • 16. 
    In contrast to the experimental method, the basic goal of the descriptive methods is to:
    • A. 

      Deduce valid operational definitions and generate new experiments.

    • B. 

      Investigate and refute “common sense” notions about human behavior.

    • C. 

      Observe and describe behavior.

    • D. 

      Manipulate variables in a meaningful way.

  • 17. 
    In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is:
    • A. 

      Unknown.

    • B. 

      Beyond the researcher's control, as it independently varies or changes over time.

    • C. 

      Deliberately manipulated by the researcher.

    • D. 

      Affected by changes in the dependent variable.

  • 18. 
    Of the following correlation coefficients, which represents the strongest relationship between two factors?
    • A. 

      +.03

    • B. 

      -.80

    • C. 

      -.15

    • D. 

      +.38

  • 19. 
    The branch of psychology that is focused on understanding the internal physical events and processes that correspond with our experiences and behavior is called:
    • A. 

      Clinical psychology.

    • B. 

      Forensic psychology.

    • C. 

      Biological psychology.

    • D. 

      Cognitive physiology.

  • 20. 
    The branch of science that is concerned with the study of the nervous system, especially the brain, is called:
    • A. 

      Neuroscience.

    • B. 

      Clinical psychology.

    • C. 

      Interdisciplinary science.

    • D. 

      Developmental psychology.

  • 21. 
    The type of specialized cell whose main function is to communicate between neurons is a(n):
    • A. 

      Sensory neuron.

    • B. 

      Motor neuron.

    • C. 

      Interneuron.

    • D. 

      Glial cell.

  • 22. 
    Neurons are:
    • A. 

      Highly specialized cells that receive and transmit information from one area of the body to another.

    • B. 

      Found only in the spinal cord and bone marrow.

    • C. 

      Highly specialized cells that produce myelin.

    • D. 

      Found in primates and humans, but not in other animals

  • 23. 
    Compared to neurons that do not have myelin, neurons with myelin:
    • A. 

      Can communicate up to 20 times faster.

    • B. 

      Do not have an axon.

    • C. 

      Are unable to communicate with other neurons.

    • D. 

      Use much more energy.

  • 24. 
    The point of communication between two neurons is called the:
    • A. 

      Synapse

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Node of Ranvier

    • D. 

      Ion channel

  • 25. 
    The most common form of communication between neurons is:
    • A. 

      Electrical

    • B. 

      Hormonal

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Magnetic

  • 26. 
    The three basic types of neurons are:
    • A. 

      Sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons.

    • B. 

      Glial cells, nodes of Ranvier, and myelin.

    • C. 

      Dendritic neurons, axonal neurons, and body neurons.

    • D. 

      Excitatory neurons, inhibitory neurons, and interneurons.

  • 27. 
    The rush of euphoria that many people experience after sustained exercise, especially running or cycling, is called:
    • A. 

      The “synaptic rush.”

    • B. 

      The “runner's high.”

    • C. 

      Neurogenesis

    • D. 

      The “split-brain” high

  • 28. 
    While taking this test, you have probably paid little attention to ongoing body functions, such as breathing, heartbeat, and digestion. Such involuntary bodily functions are governed by the:
    • A. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid.

    • B. 

      Spinal reflexes.

    • C. 

      Autonomic nervous system.

    • D. 

      Somatic nervous system.

  • 29. 
    The brain's ability to change function and structure is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Neurogenesis.

    • B. 

      Cortical localization

    • C. 

      Synaptic transmission.

    • D. 

      Neuroplasticity.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following best defines neurogenesis?
    • A. 

      The influence of genes on the firing rate of neurons

    • B. 

      The development of new neurons

    • C. 

      The first neuron to generate an action potential

    • D. 

      The influence of neurons on the formation of new genes

  • 31. 
    Which of the following represents the largest region of the brain?
    • A. 

      The midbrain

    • B. 

      The forebrain

    • C. 

      The hindbrain

    • D. 

      The cerebellum

  • 32. 
    Almost all of the sensory and motor information going to and from the cerebral cortex is processed through the:
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Thalamus

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 33. 
    Recognizing a person but blocking on his or her name is a common experience. For most people, facial recognition is a _____ hemisphere task, while being able to name the person is a _____ hemisphere verbal memory task.
    • A. 

      Left;right

    • B. 

      Right;left

    • C. 

      Left;left

    • D. 

      Right;right

  • 34. 
    In psychology, the term sensation formally refers to:
    • A. 

      The process of detecting a physical stimulus such as light, sound, heat, or pressure

    • B. 

      The transformation of physical energy into chemical energy

    • C. 

      The interpretation and organization of sensory stimuli

    • D. 

      A vague feeling of excitement or pleasure

  • 35. 
    The process by which physical energy, such as light, is converted into a coded neural signal that can be transmitted to and interpreted by the brain is called:
    • A. 

      Gate-control theory

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      The mere exposure effect

    • D. 

      Transduction

  • 36. 
    In contrast to sensation, the term perception is formally defined as the:
    • A. 

      Active mental process of understanding the meaning of a difficult new concept

    • B. 

      Active mental process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sensory data

    • C. 

      Way in which different areas of the brain interact

    • D. 

      The process of detecting a physical stimulus such as light, sound, heat, or pressure

  • 37. 
    Perception that is below the threshold of conscious perception is called:
    • A. 

      ESP

    • B. 

      Subliminal perception

    • C. 

      Absolute perception

    • D. 

      Weber's perception

  • 38. 
    The sensory receptor cells for vision are sensitive to what kind of stimulus?
    • A. 

      Chemical molecules

    • B. 

      Light

    • C. 

      Heat

    • D. 

      Airborne molecules

  • 39. 
    When psychologists refer to the visible spectrum, they mean:
    • A. 

      Ultraviolet rays, gamma rays, and radio waves

    • B. 

      Red, orange, and yellow light waves

    • C. 

      The narrow range of wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum that are visible to the human eye

    • D. 

      The visual field, including peripheral vision

  • 40. 
    Sensory adaptation plays a role in which of the following visual phenomena?
    • A. 

      Hyperopia or far-sightedness

    • B. 

      Myopia or near-sightedness

    • C. 

      Afterimages

    • D. 

      Color blindness

  • 41. 
    Timbre refers to the distinctive quality of a sound, which is produced by a:
    • A. 

      Sound's decibel level

    • B. 

      Particular combination of amplitude and intensity

    • C. 

      High-frequency sound wave

    • D. 

      Particular combination of different frequencies

  • 42. 
    The sense of hearing is also known as:
    • A. 

      Audition

    • B. 

      Kinesthesia

    • C. 

      Gustation

    • D. 

      Olfaction

  • 43. 
    After many years of playing extremely loud rock music, Pete Townshend of the famous rock group The Who has suffered a significant hearing loss, which cannot be corrected with a hearing aid. Townshend is suffering from:
    • A. 

      A perforated eardrum

    • B. 

      Damage to the auditory cortex in the brain

    • C. 

      Conduction deafness.

    • D. 

      Nerve deafness

  • 44. 
    Smell and taste receptors respond to what type of stimuli?
    • A. 

      Airborne nociceptors

    • B. 

      Vibrating air molecules

    • C. 

      Electromagnetic waves

    • D. 

      Chemical molecules

  • 45. 
    To identify a particular odor, the brain:
    • A. 

      Responds to the location and size of the particular receptor cell that has been stimulated

    • B. 

      Interprets the pattern of odor receptor cells that are stimulated

    • C. 

      Transfers neural messages to the thalamus for processing

    • D. 

      Determines the source of the odor

  • 46. 
    The sensation of taste results from the activation of receptor cells by what kind of stimuli?
    • A. 

      Airborne proprioceptors

    • B. 

      Airborne nociceptors

    • C. 

      Electromagnetic energy

    • D. 

      Chemical substances dissolved in saliva

  • 47. 
    The primary tastes include:
    • A. 

      Bland, sharp, sweet, salty, and umami

    • B. 

      Sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami

    • C. 

      Sweet, sour, vinegar, and citrus

    • D. 

      Sweet, sour, alkaline, acid, and salty

  • 48. 
    Pacinian corpuscles are sensory receptors that respond to:
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      Chemicals dissolved in saliva

    • D. 

      Airborne chemicals

  • 49. 
    Which neurotransmitter stimulates free nerve endings at the site of an injury and also increases neural messages within the spinal cord?
    • A. 

      Substance P

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Endorphins

  • 50. 
    The ability to accurately gauge the distance of the coffee cup on your desk as you reach for it is called:
    • A. 

      Depth perception

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Motion parallax

    • D. 

      Biofeedback