Quiz Psych 6

40 Questions

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology is the science of behaviour and mind, which embraces all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought and memory. What do you know about this particular science? Let’s take a look.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Vertical societies tend to believe that individuals are importantly different from each other
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The idea that all cultural views are equally valid and that it is ehthnocentric to think otherwise is called
    • A. 

      The semiotic subject fallacy

    • B. 

      The deconstructionist dodge

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

    • D. 

      Semiotic pluralism

  • 3. 
    Nima moved to the United States when she was 5 years old, and she gradually adopted the language, attitudes, and styles of American culture. The process through which Nima became Americanized is known as
    • A. 

      Enculturation

    • B. 

      Acculturation

    • C. 

      Accommodation

    • D. 

      Assimiation

  • 4. 
    "losing face" is a primary danger in what type of culture?
    • A. 

      A complex culture

    • B. 

      An individualist culture

    • C. 

      A tight culture

    • D. 

      A collectivist culture

  • 5. 
    Cultural complexity is much like the individual personality trait of 
    • A. 

      The need for cognition

    • B. 

      Emotional intelligence

    • C. 

      Cognitive complexity

    • D. 

      Allocentrism

  • 6. 
    The outgroup homogeneity bias refers to the tendency to view one’s own group as having members that differ widely from each other while believing individuals from other groups are “all the same.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    According to Rotter, locus of control is analogous to 
    • A. 

      Self-efficancy

    • B. 

      A specific expectancy

    • C. 

      Reinforcement value

    • D. 

      Generalized expectancy

  • 8. 
    Dollard and Miller view psychological conflict as the result of 
    • A. 

      Conflict between the id and the supergo

    • B. 

      Conflict between primary and secondary drives

    • C. 

      Habit hierarchy disorder

    • D. 

      Approach-avoidance conflict

  • 9. 
    Individuals with ego-dystonic disorders typically want to be cured. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    According to the text, which therapy has sometimes been effective for treating borderline personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Object-relations-based psychotherapy

    • B. 

      Dislectical behavior therapy

    • C. 

      Cognitive objective therapy

    • D. 

      Progressive desensitization therapy

  • 11. 
    Which childhood illness may have a link to obsessive-compluslive personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Mumps

    • B. 

      Chicken pox

    • C. 

      Strep throat

    • D. 

      Ear infections

  • 12. 
    What disorder appears in DSM Cluster B?
    • A. 

      Avoidant

    • B. 

      Paranoid

    • C. 

      Antisocial

    • D. 

      Schizoid

  • 13. 
    Which French psychiatrist identified the problem known as madness without distortion (manie sans delire)?
    • A. 

      Jean Satre

    • B. 

      Philippe Pinel

    • C. 

      Renee De Gaul

    • D. 

      Jacques De Franco

  • 14. 
    What is the most common basis for making a disagnosis of a personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Informant report

    • B. 

      Structured interviews

    • C. 

      Self-report screening instruments

    • D. 

      Clinical impressions

  • 15. 
    Which of the following symptoms is NOT associated with scizoid personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Instability of self-image

    • B. 

      Social disinterest

    • C. 

      Solitary existence

    • D. 

      Blunted affect

  • 16. 
    Physical illnesses that might be related to mental health appear on which axis of the DSM?
    • A. 

      Axis I

    • B. 

      Axis II

    • C. 

      Axis III

    • D. 

      Axis IV

  • 17. 
    Someone who absolutely must have a relationship where they are uncritically accepted is likely to have which personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Schizotypal

    • B. 

      Dependent

    • C. 

      Schizoid

    • D. 

      Aviodant

  • 18. 
    Severe psychopathologies such as schizophrenia appear on which axis of the DSM?
    • A. 

      Axis I

    • B. 

      Axis II

    • C. 

      Axis III

    • D. 

      Axis IV

  • 19. 
    According to self-discrepency theory, what emotion arises from discrepancies between ideal and actual selves?
    • A. 

      Fear

    • B. 

      Anxiety

    • C. 

      Depression

    • D. 

      Hostility

  • 20. 
    According to therorzing around behavior cosistency, why would an individual from a collectivist country be less conflicted about inconsistent behavior?
    • A. 

      Such cultures do not place much emphasis on adgerence to heavioral norms.

    • B. 

      Such cultures demand more conformity to the social demands of different situations

    • C. 

      Such cultures provide fewer opportunities to display behavioral inconsistencies

    • D. 

      Such cultures place more value on behavior inconsistency from an early age.

  • 21. 
    According to the ________ theory of self-esteem, low self-esteem might serve as a warning signal for rejection.
    • A. 

      Detection

    • B. 

      Sociometer

    • C. 

      Threatened egotism

    • D. 

      Rejection sensitivity

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Narcisissim might be a conflict between implicit and declarative self-esteem

    • B. 

      Narcissim occurs when implict and declarative self-esteem are both low

    • C. 

      Narcissism is unrelated to implicit self esteem but strongly related to declarative self-esteem

    • D. 

      Narcissism is strongly related to implicit self-esteem but unrelated to declarative self-esteem

  • 23. 
    Everything you think you know about your traits and abilities resides in the 
    • A. 

      Procedural self

    • B. 

      Self-esteem structure

    • C. 

      I self

    • D. 

      Declarative self

  • 24. 
    What term refers to self-schema based on our past experience that direct how we relate to the important people in our lives?
    • A. 

      Relational self-schema

    • B. 

      Self-in-relationship schema

    • C. 

      Interdependence self-schema

    • D. 

      Interdependent self schema

  • 25. 
    Members of collectivist cultures might be more _____ in the _____ sense than members of individualistic cultures
    • A. 

      Inconsistent; absolute

    • B. 

      Inconsistent; relative

    • C. 

      Consistent; absolute

    • D. 

      Consistent; relative

  • 26. 
    Self knowledge can be divided into ______ knowledge and _______ knowledge
    • A. 

      Procedural; episodic

    • B. 

      Procedural; delcarative

    • C. 

      Procedural; semantic

    • D. 

      Declartive; explicit

  • 27. 
    According to the text, the self-related phenomena studied by cognitively oriented persoanlity psychologists and the phenomena studied by trait psychologists are very different
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      Fals

  • 28. 
    What seems the best way to raise self-esteem?
    • A. 

      Provide individuals with a series of self-affirmations to repeat each day

    • B. 

      Provide individuals with harsh criticsm to incoculate them against insults

    • C. 

      Provide individuals with unconditional positive feedback

    • D. 

      Provide individuals with opportuinities for success

  • 29. 
    Repeating the items on a grocery list such as "cheese, bread, soda, canned soup, salad dressing and paper napkins" over and over again in your mind is an example of what process?
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Elongation

    • C. 

      Elaboration

    • D. 

      Reverberation

  • 30. 
    What is the name of the cognitive structure that contains the delcarative self?
    • A. 

      Self-determination center

    • B. 

      I-self

    • C. 

      Self-schema

    • D. 

      Self-esteem

  • 31. 
    William James believed that our _____ includes ______.
    • A. 

      I-self; our possessions

    • B. 

      I-self; our personality traits only

    • C. 

      Me-self; our posessions

    • D. 

      Me-self; our persoanlity traits only

  • 32. 
    Individuals with amnesia are typically unable to provide valid self-reports of personality
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Your expectancies about sequences of events that should occur in certain situations are called cognitive 
    • A. 

      Schemas

    • B. 

      Expectanices

    • C. 

      Scripts

    • D. 

      Projects

  • 34. 
    It is probably easier to tutor someone with a judgment goal than it is to tutor someone with a development goal
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Sally is very concerned with abandonment and her partner's lack of commitment to their relationship. She is high on which personality dimension?
    • A. 

      Rejection priming

    • B. 

      Rejection accessibility

    • C. 

      Rejection sensitivity

    • D. 

      Rejection detection

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the primary goals proposed by David McClelland?
    • A. 

      Need for achievement

    • B. 

      Need for autonomy

    • C. 

      Need for affiliation

    • D. 

      Need for power

  • 37. 
    Research by Julie Norem indicates that defensive pessimists and eternal optimists likely
    • A. 

      Use different strategies but obtain similar ends

    • B. 

      Have similar specific goals but different genereal goals

    • C. 

      Use the same strategies but obtain different ends

    • D. 

      Have different learning goals but similar performance goals

  • 38. 
    An individual who likes to watch emotional movies and has extreme reactions to the tragic deaths of celebrities would likely score high on what personality dimension?
    • A. 

      Need for cognition

    • B. 

      Need for connection

    • C. 

      Need for affect

    • D. 

      Need for neurotic responses

  • 39. 
    According to the theory surrounding the Big Five, what terms describes the generalized scripts that are produced by the Big Five traits
    • A. 

      If...then patterns

    • B. 

      Personal projects

    • C. 

      Performance goals

    • D. 

      Characteristic adaptions

  • 40. 
    According to research and theory about goals, it is most advantageous to have the ability to 
    • A. 

      Focus primarily on general, long-term goals

    • B. 

      Shift between short- and long-term goals

    • C. 

      Focus primarily on very specific goals

    • D. 

      Set general goals that are seperate from your daily activites