Quiz Psych 5

47 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Psych Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is all about psychology! What do you know about this multifaceted discipline that includes such sub-fields of study including human development, sports, health, clinical, social behaviour and cognitive processes? Let’s find out right now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Current evidence suggests that Eysenck’s biological theory of extraversion is about half right. Which part of the theory has received support?
    • A. 

      The ARAS is indeed like a faucet that control the flow of cortical stimulation

    • B. 

      Introverts reach more strongly than extraverts to sensory stimulation

    • C. 

      Introverts reach more strongly than extraverts to MAO

    • D. 

      Introversion is closely related to the functioning of the limbic system, but extraversion is related to the functioning of the frontal cortex

  • 2. 
    Evidence from research and from brain damage case studies suggests that the ______ is/are the location of congitive control, serving to anticipate the future, plan for it, and regulate emotions in response to it. 
    • A. 

      Frontal lobes

    • B. 

      Amygdala

    • C. 

      Ascending reticular activating system

    • D. 

      Hippocampus

  • 3. 
    In 1966, Charles WHitman killed his wife, his mother, and 14 more people at the University of Texas before he was killed by police. An autopsy revealed a tumor affecting Whitman's
    • A. 

      Frontal lobe

    • B. 

      Amygdala

    • C. 

      Ventromedial cortex

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

  • 4. 
    Early reports about personality and emotional changes in Phineas Gage after his accident led
    • A. 

      To an increased appreciation for substantia nigra

    • B. 

      To be an increased appreaction for the difficulties with neurosurgeries

    • C. 

      Neurosurgeons to perform lobotmies to control maladaptive behavior

    • D. 

      A better understand of how oxytocin function in the brain

  • 5. 
    The hormone oxytocin promote antisocial behavior
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Galen suggested that there were _____ basic types of personality, each linked to an excessive amount of a different _______.
    • A. 

      Five; hormone

    • B. 

      Three; neurotransmitter

    • C. 

      Four; bodily humor

    • D. 

      Two; inhibitory neural mechanism

  • 7. 
    Phineas Gage's memory systems were gravely dramaged in his accident
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    One problem researchers experience when attempting to directly link testosterone to aggression and sexuality is that 
    • A. 

      The relationsihps have never been studied in women

    • B. 

      Testosterone seems to affect to sexual desire in men but not in women

    • C. 

      It is difficult to determine the casual direction because aggression and sex can affect tesosterone levels

    • D. 

      Both sex and expecially aggression are difficult to study in the lab

  • 9. 
    The neurotransmitter serotonin is associated with the reward deifciency hypothesis. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    What brain region seems to connect the two halves of the brain?
    • A. 

      Ascending reticular activating system (ARAS)

    • B. 

      Frontal lobes

    • C. 

      Corpus callosum

    • D. 

      Hippocampus

  • 11. 
    Low levels of corisol are associated with which psychological disorder? 
    • A. 

      Type A personality

    • B. 

      Social phobias

    • C. 

      Post-traumatic stress syndrome

    • D. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

  • 12. 
    The idea that feelings of self-esteem envolved to gauge social acceptance is known as
    • A. 

      The sociometer theory

    • B. 

      The social self theory

    • C. 

      The social self-acceptance theory

    • D. 

      The self-esteem as survival theory

  • 13. 
    A scientists who tries to determine how differences in a particular trait are correlated with differences in a particular gene is using what method?
    • A. 

      The behavioral genetic method

    • B. 

      The association method

    • C. 

      The covariance structure method

    • D. 

      The casual isolation method

  • 14. 
    What gene seems to be related to the trait of sensation seeking or noevelty seeking?
    • A. 

      DRD4

    • B. 

      SSRI

    • C. 

      5HHT

    • D. 

      APOA

  • 15. 
    A gene that produces low levels of ______ activity in conjunction with _____ seems to increase the risk for developing antisocial behavior
    • A. 

      Serotonin; childhood matltreatment

    • B. 

      MAO; childhood maltreatment

    • C. 

      D4DR; exposure to antisocial peers

    • D. 

      Dopamine; exposure to antisocial peers

  • 16. 
    Drawing on research about the impact of the shared family enviornment on personality development, Harris argued that
    • A. 

      Parents have no important long-term effects on their children's personality

    • B. 

      Parents have important long-term effects on their cihldren's personality

    • C. 

      Parents' behavior affects the personality of their genetic offspring more than their adopted children

    • D. 

      Shared environmental factors were substantially larger than non-shared factors

  • 17. 
    Which of the following seems to have the lowest heritbaility coefficient?
    • A. 

      Severe mental retardation

    • B. 

      Moderate mental retardation

    • C. 

      Extraversion

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 18. 
    Across a wide variety of cultures, ______ are more likely than _____ to place a higher value on physical attractiveness
    • A. 

      Women;men

    • B. 

      Introverts; extraverts

    • C. 

      Extraverts; introverts

    • D. 

      Men; women

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT indicated by a heritibilty statistic?
    • A. 

      Whether genetic factors play some role in shaping individual differences

    • B. 

      Whether the etiology of certain conditions such as mental retardation is environmental

    • C. 

      Whether genes and environments interact to produce behavior

    • D. 

      How much variability in a trait is due to non-shared environmental factos

  • 20. 
    The therapeutic techniue that invlves instructing the patient to say whatever comes to mind is called
    • A. 

      Free association

    • B. 

      Systematic regression

    • C. 

      Repressed memory recovery

    • D. 

      Reaction formation

  • 21. 
    The ego's energy store is
    • A. 

      Limited

    • B. 

      Limitless

    • C. 

      Stronger in women than men

    • D. 

      Decreased in adulthood

  • 22. 
    _______ involves attributing your unwanted impulses and feelings to another person
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      Compensation

  • 23. 
    Victorians criticized Freud's theory as too unscientific 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The ego develops during the anal stage?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    When does the id emerge?
    • A. 

      It is present at birth

    • B. 

      After resolution of the oral stage

    • C. 

      After resolution of the anal stage

    • D. 

      After resolution of the phallic stage

  • 26. 
    The defense mechanism of ________-- keeps forbidden thoughts, feelings and impulses out of awareness by replacing them with their opposites
    • A. 

      Parapraxis

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Reaction formation

    • D. 

      Dispalcement

  • 27. 
     politician who supported severe efforts to restrict Internet access in his community to prevent the spread of child pornography was arrested and convicted for possession of child pornography. Which defense mechanism best accounts for this paradoxical behavior?
    • A. 

      Reaction formation

    • B. 

      Displacement

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Trivialization

  • 28. 
    THe idea that the simplest explanation is the best explanation is known as
    • A. 

      Occam's razor

    • B. 

      The compromise principle

    • C. 

      The reality principle

    • D. 

      A platonic ideal

  • 29. 
    According to the text, what are the four key ideas of psychoanalytic theory?
    • A. 

      Internal structure, mental energy, psychic conflict and psychic determinism

    • B. 

      Internal structure, mental energy, psychic conflict, and unconscious motives

    • C. 

      Internal structure, mental energy, psychic determinism, and unconscious motives

    • D. 

      Mental energy, psychic conflict, psychic determinsim, and unconcious motives

  • 30. 
    Trivializatoin is one kind of rationalization 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Freud's oral stage corresponds to Erikson's stage of 
    • A. 

      Generativity versus stagnation

    • B. 

      Basic trust versus mistrust

    • C. 

      Initiative versus guilt

    • D. 

      Automonomy versus shame and doubt

  • 32. 
    The idea that men and women each have a masculine and a feminie side is linked to Jung's ideas about
    • A. 

      Intimacy and isolation

    • B. 

      Inferiority and compensation

    • C. 

      The collective unconcious

    • D. 

      Animus and anima

  • 33. 
    In psychoanalytic terms, objects are
    • A. 

      Pieces of unconscious material against which the ego defends itself

    • B. 

      Patients undergoing psychoanalytic therapy

    • C. 

      Created by emotionally important people in one's life

    • D. 

      Created by emotionally unimportant people in one's life

  • 34. 
    According to the object relations theorist D. W. Winnicott, the purpose of a transitional object is
    • A. 

      To compensate for an inferiority complex

    • B. 

      To defend the superego from unconscious urges

    • C. 

      To protect the true self by keeping it invisible

    • D. 

      To compensate for the fact that we cannot have our loved ones with us all the time

  • 35. 
    Some psychologists maintain that your relationships with other people are based on the images of them that you hold in your mind. Psychologists who emphasize this idea are known as ________ theorists.
    • A. 

      Object relations

    • B. 

      Erikson

    • C. 

      Alderian

    • D. 

      Ego

  • 36. 
    In order for a person to develop an inferiority complex, he or she must
    • A. 

      Actually have some disability that makes him or her inferior to others

    • B. 

      Percieve himself or herself as inferior to others

    • C. 

      Have parents who pushed him or her to be perfect

    • D. 

      Have a particularly strong supergo

  • 37. 
    What is the animus?
    • A. 

      A man's idealized conception of women

    • B. 

      A woman's idealized conception of men

    • C. 

      The idealized conception of a non-human animal

    • D. 

      The idealized conception of humankind

  • 38. 
    Which sequence represent the correct order for Erikson's first three psychosocial stages?
    • A. 

      Basic trust v mistrust; initaitive c guilt; autohomy vs. shame and doubt

    • B. 

      Basic trust vs mistrust; autonomy vs shame and doubt; initiative vs guilt

    • C. 

      Basic trust vs mistrust; initiative vs guilt; identity vs identity confusion

    • D. 

      Identity vs identity confusion; itimacy vs isolution; basic trust vs mistrust

  • 39. 
    An autoletic activity
    • A. 

      Results in social reinforcement such as praise or approval

    • B. 

      Produces a material reinforcement such as money

    • C. 

      Releases unconscious urges and desires

    • D. 

      Is enjoyable for its own sake

  • 40. 
    According to Sarte, the existential challaenge is 
    • A. 

      To avoid thinking about the meaning of existence

    • B. 

      To face the basic uncertainty and anguish of life and find personal meaning

    • C. 

      To maintain generativty and avoid stagnation

    • D. 

      To become a fully functioning self-actualizing person

  • 41. 
    According to Sarte, angst can be analyzed into three separate sensations. What are they?
    • A. 

      Nothingness, nausea, alientation

    • B. 

      Loneliness, despair, hopelessness

    • C. 

      Helplessness, hopelesness, worthlessness

    • D. 

      Anguish, forlornness, despar

  • 42. 
    The idea that you choose your own reality is closest to which concept in the humanistic perspective on personality?
    • A. 

      Eigenwelt

    • B. 

      Constructive alternativism

    • C. 

      Sociality corollary

    • D. 

      Self-determination theory

  • 43. 
    Csikszentmihalyi concluded that the best way that someone can spend her or his time is in
    • A. 

      Telegraphic activites

    • B. 

      Autotelic activities

    • C. 

      Nomotelic activites

    • D. 

      Autographic activities

  • 44. 
    According to the hiearchy of needs, people must feel that they belong before they can self-actualize
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Your particular experience of the world is called your
    • A. 

      Conscience

    • B. 

      Conscious

    • C. 

      Construal

    • D. 

      Confluence

  • 46. 
    According to George Kelly, your interpretation or theory of what the world is like is your
    • A. 

      Phenomenal field

    • B. 

      Eigenwelt

    • C. 

      Personal construct system

    • D. 

      Circumplex model

  • 47. 
    Which two individuals are credited with turning existentialism into a more optimistic view of life
    • A. 

      Sarte and Nietzche

    • B. 

      Rogers and Freud

    • C. 

      Rogers and Maslow

    • D. 

      Maslow and Maddi