Psych 5 Practice Final - Aug. 5, 2010

58 Questions | Total Attempts: 151

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Practice Physics Quizzes & Trivia

In this scientific quiz, we’ll be looking at the science of psychology – which is defined as the study of behaviour and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience, as well as thought. What can you tell us?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The medical model suggests that mental illnesses are caused by __________.
    • A. 

      Chemical factors

    • B. 

      Biological factors

    • C. 

      Mainly the environment

    • D. 

      Mainly genes

  • 2. 
    The suggestion that abnormal behavior is the result of physical illness describes the ____________.
    • A. 

      Abnormal model

    • B. 

      Causal model

    • C. 

      Medical model

    • D. 

      Psychophysical model

  • 3. 
    The prevalence of a disorder refers to __________________________. 
    • A. 

      The number of occurrences of a disorder in society

    • B. 

      The percentage of persons who exhibit the symptoms of a particular disorder

    • C. 

      A severe a disorder is in a patient

    • D. 

      The number of disorders a person suffers

  • 4. 
    A brief, intense episode of extreme fear characterized by sweating, dizziness, racing heartbeat, and feelings of impending doom are signs of a __________. 
    • A. 

      Panic attack

    • B. 

      Heart attack

    • C. 

      Breakdown

    • D. 

      Hallucination

  • 5. 
    Repeated and unexpected panic attacks can result in ________________. 
    • A. 

      Nervous breakdown

    • B. 

      Panic disorders

    • C. 

      Nerve damage

    • D. 

      Psychosis

  • 6. 
    Phobic disorders and GAD (generalized anxiety disorder)  ____________________. 
    • A. 

      Differ because phobias are specific to one situation or object, whereas GAD causes general anxiety

    • B. 

      Differ because general anxiety are specific to one situation or object, whereas GAD causes phobias

    • C. 

      Are similar in that phobias and GAD are specific to one situation or object

    • D. 

      Are similar in that neither phobias nor GAD are specific to one situation or object

  • 7. 
    Agoraphobia is a fear of _____________.
    • A. 

      Being in a small, enclosed space

    • B. 

      Spiders

    • C. 

      Freedom

    • D. 

      going out in public places

  • 8. 
    Payson avoids leaving his house because he gets terrified every time he does. Payson is probably suffering from _________.
    • A. 

      Claustrophobia

    • B. 

      Arachnophobia

    • C. 

      Hypochondria

    • D. 

      Agoraphobia

  • 9. 
    A strong intense fear of being in public or performing behaviors in public is a characteristic of ____________. 
    • A. 

      Social phobias

    • B. 

      GAD

    • C. 

      Stage fright

    • D. 

      Interpersonal phobia

  • 10. 
    Kathy is often distracted by the idea that her hands are dirty, even if she just washed them. Sometimes she has to wash them repeatedly and fears touching anything. She could be diagnosed with ____________________.
    • A. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • B. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorders

    • D. 

      Postpartum depression

  • 11. 
    Behavioral theorists argue that anxiety disorders are conditioned through the process of ______________.
    • A. 

      Negative punishment

    • B. 

      Positive punishment

    • C. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcement

  • 12. 
    Major changes in sleep patterns, weight level, and feelings about one’s self worth characterize ___________.
    • A. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • B. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorders

    • D. 

      Postpartum depression

  • 13. 
    Which of the following forms of depression, which develops within a month of childbirth, has become more widely discussed in recent years?
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorders

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Postpartum depression

    • D. 

      Seasonal affective disorder

  • 14. 
    For some people, their depression lasts only from December to February but returns at the same time each year. This is what psychologists call __________.
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorders

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Postpartum depression

    • D. 

      Seasonal affective disorder

  • 15. 
    One suggestion for overcoming depression is given by the behavioral model. What is it?
    • A. 

      Engage in pleasurable activities, even when you do not want to, to create reinforcers for your behavior.

    • B. 

      Engage in non-pleasurable activities, even when you do not want to, to create reinforcers for your behavior.

    • C. 

      Seek professional counseling to determine the root cause of the feelings.

    • D. 

      Seek professional psychiatric treatment in the form of prescription medication.

  • 16. 
    According to Aaron Beck, depression is often caused by ___________.
    • A. 

      Chemical imbalances

    • B. 

      Negative beliefs and expectations

    • C. 

      Societal pressure

    • D. 

      Physical and or mental abuse

  • 17. 
    According to the cognitive model of depression, one’s negative beliefs develop as the result of _____________.
    • A. 

      Failure and rejection

    • B. 

      Eustress and distress

    • C. 

      Genetic and environmental influence

    • D. 

      Excessive frontal lobe activity

  • 18. 
    A counterintuitive research finding involving depression is that depressed people ____________________.
    • A. 

      Are actually not as depressed as they think they are

    • B. 

      Living longer, healthier lives

    • C. 

      Generally appear upbeat and positive

    • D. 

      Have a more accurate view of circumstances than do non-depressed people

  • 19. 
    The results of studies investigating the role of biological factors suggest that depression is caused by ______________
    • A. 

      Decreased levels of various neurotransmitters.

    • B. 

      Exposure to stressful life events.

    • C. 

      Both A and B.

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B.

  • 20. 
    An experience marked by dramatically elevated mood and energy, decreased need for sleep, inflated self-esteem, and irresponsible behavior is called ___________.
    • A. 

      An irrational response

    • B. 

      A euphoric episode

    • C. 

      A manic episode

    • D. 

      An exuberant response

  • 21. 
    Reya has only slept for 4 hours, but she is bursting with energy. She went shopping and maxes out two credit cards, all while singing constantly. She could be experiencing _________.
    • A. 

      An irrational response

    • B. 

      A euphoric episode

    • C. 

      A manic episode

    • D. 

      An exuberant response

  • 22. 
    What mood disorder is characterized by alterations between periods of extremely high levels and extremely low levels of activity?
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Postpartum depression

    • D. 

      Seasonal affective disorder

  • 23. 
    What specific psychological disorder is marked by cycles of extreme activity and inactivity?
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • D. 

      Catatonic schizophrenia

  • 24. 
    Which psychological disorder has the strongest evidence for a genetic link?
    • A. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • B. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • C. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 25. 
    Unlike many other psychological disorders, manic episodes may be triggered by ___________.
    • A. 

      Positive life events

    • B. 

      Negative life events

    • C. 

      Genetic predisposition

    • D. 

      Environmental cues

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