Psych 001 Chapter 14 Final

38 Questions

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The area of psychology that focuses on how people are influenced by the real, imagined, or implied presence of others is called:
    • A. 

      Behavioral psychology

    • B. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • C. 

      Personality psychology

    • D. 

      Social psychology

  • 2. 
    When we attempt to explain the cause of someone's behavior, we are utilizing _______.
    • A. 

      Impression management

    • B. 

      The self-serving bias

    • C. 

      Attributions

    • D. 

      Behavior assignment

  • 3. 
    When a person assigns causes to another individual's behavior and assumes that the behavior is due to that individual's personal characteristics, a(n) _______ is made.
    • A. 

      External attribution

    • B. 

      Situational attribution

    • C. 

      Attribution error

    • D. 

      Dispositional attribution

  • 4. 
    When driving down the highway, Gianna could not help but notice the young girl who seemed to be driving in a reckless manner. She immediately wondered if the girl was in an emergency or if something important was going on to make her drive like that. Gianna just made a(n)
    • A. 

      Dispositional (internal) attribution

    • B. 

      Situational (external) attribution

    • C. 

      Impression attribution

    • D. 

      Conformity attribution

  • 5. 
    Self-serving bias refers to our tendency to use:
    • A. 

      Dispositional attributions for our own behavior

    • B. 

      Dispositional attributions for our failureas and situational attributions for our successes

    • C. 

      Situational attributions for our own behavior

    • D. 

      Dispositional attributions for our successes and situational attributions for our failures

  • 6. 
    The term that refers to the fact that interpersonal attraction is influenced by the physical closeness of people's living quarters is: Correct!
    • A. 

      Proximity

    • B. 

      Ingratiation

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Priming

  • 7. 
    Diana was given a music CD as a gift. Although it was from a genre of music that she thought she would never like, she is realizing that the more she listens to it, the more she actually likes it. In fact, it is quickly becoming one of her favorite CDs. Which of the following is influencing her preference for this CD?
    • A. 

      The proximity effect

    • B. 

      The repetition effect

    • C. 

      The halo effect

    • D. 

      The mere exposure effect

  • 8. 
    The matching hypothesis suggests that:
    • A. 

      A talkative person may seek a quiet mate who prefers to listen

    • B. 

      We are likely to end up with someone similar to ourselves in attractiveness and other assets.

    • C. 

      Couples mismatched on attractiveness and other assets have relationships as long-lasting as other couples

    • D. 

      Opposites attract

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Similarity in personality

    • B. 

      Similar level of physical attractivenes

    • C. 

      Similar attitudes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    According to Robert Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love, the three basic components of love are the following:
    • A. 

      Passion, liking, and romance

    • B. 

      Intimacy, friendship, and romance

    • C. 

      Commitment, passion, and intimacy

    • D. 

      Commitment, passion, and friendship

  • 11. 
    Rasha and Malik have been a couple for over 20 years. They still share similar interests, enjoy each others' company, and share a strong physical attraction to one another. According to Robert Sternberg, Rasha and Malik display
    • A. 

      Consummate love

    • B. 

      Companionate love

    • C. 

      Romantic love

    • D. 

      Infatuated love

  • 12. 
    Changing one's behavior or thinking in order to go along with the group or to fit another's expectation is referred to as _______.
    • A. 

      Social loafing

    • B. 

      Groupthink

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Compliance

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Milgram

    • B. 

      Asch

    • C. 

      Buss

    • D. 

      Sternberg

  • 14. 
    When a person performs an action simply because an authority figure has given an order, the term that describes the behavior is:
    • A. 

      Conformity

    • B. 

      Obedience

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Compliance

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      About 40% of the subjects administered the highest shock possible

    • B. 

      About 50% of the subjects administered the highest shock possible.

    • C. 

      About 65% of the subjects administered the highest shock possible.

    • D. 

      About 15% of the subjects administered the highest shock possible.

  • 16. 
    Based on Milgram's studies of obedience, it can be concluded that: 
    • A. 

      The tendency to obey the commands of authority figures is strong

    • B. 

      While men generally obey authority figures, women do not

    • C. 

      Most people readily disobey commands made by authority figures

    • D. 

      While women generally obey authority figures, men do not

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Door-in-the-face technique

    • B. 

      Planting-the-seed technique

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door technique

    • D. 

      That's-not-all-folks technique

  • 18. 
    Salvatore wanted to borrow $25 from his mom. Because he was not sure if she would agree, he decided to get creative and asked for $100. Just as he expected, she replied, "You want to borrow $100? Not a chance." He came back with, "Okay, Mom, how about just $25?" He was thrilled when she agreed. Salvatore just utilized which of the following compliance techniques? 
    • A. 

      Door-in-the-face technique

    • B. 

      Low-ball technique

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door technique

    • D. 

      Reverse psychology technique

  • 19. 
    Audrey has been offered a free, four day cruise for two just for filling out an online survey. As she and her husband board the cruise liner and leave the shore, all those on board are told that the cruise was really a way to get an audience of people together to hear about a new "business opportunity". Audrey was on the receiving end of
    • A. 

      The foot-in-the-door technique

    • B. 

      The high-ball technique

    • C. 

      The low-ball technique

    • D. 

      The door-in-the-face technique

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      George chooses not to engage in certain tasks because he knows other members of the group will eventually do the work.

    • B. 

      Only choices A and C are examples of social facilitation.

    • C. 

      Kiera, a gymnast, gets so nervous when her friends come to her meets that she falls off the balance beam.

    • D. 

      Monita, who is a soccer player, performs better when there is a large group of people watching.

  • 21. 
    When an individual, who is part of a larger group, chooses to put forth less effort than other group members, _______occurs.
    • A. 

      The bystander effect

    • B. 

      Social loafing

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 22. 
    Diffusion of responsibility deals with the effects of which of the following on helping behavior?
    • A. 

      Personality of bystanders

    • B. 

      Society's economic conditions

    • C. 

      Number of bystanders

    • D. 

      Severity of victim's needs

  • 23. 
    _____ can occur when individuals who are part of a group focus on preserving group solidarity at the expense of considering all possible alternatives or even failing to use rational thought in the process.
    • A. 

      Social facilitation

    • B. 

      Group polarization

    • C. 

      Social loafing

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 24. 
    _____ refers to the relatively stable view we hold of people, objects, or issues learned by direct experience or vicariously via others and/or the media.
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Attitude

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Compliance

  • 25. 
    When she is not at the bar, Jayla preaches to everyone about the dangers of smoking. However, she does smoke an occasional cigarette when she is at the bar with her friends although at those times, she feels somewhat frustrated by her own smoking behavior. Jayla is likely experiencing _____ when she smokes.
    • A. 

      The diffusion of responsibility

    • B. 

      Groupthink

    • C. 

      Social facilitation

    • D. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 26. 
    When an individual purposely tries to change your view on something or change your behavior, he/she is utilizing  
    • A. 

      Persuasion

    • B. 

      The cognitive component of change

    • C. 

      Obedience

    • D. 

      Social roles

  • 27. 
    Of the following choices, the best definition of aggression is:
    • A. 

      Unconsciously inflicting physical pain on another

    • B. 

      Unintentionally inflicting pain on another

    • C. 

      Intentionally inflicting physical or psychological harm on another

    • D. 

      Intentionally inflicting psychological harm on another

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Over arousal of the autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Low arousal of the autonomic nervous system

    • C. 

      Low levels of testosterone

    • D. 

      Excessive levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin

  • 29. 
    The frustration-aggression hypothesis suggests that:
    • A. 

      There is a negative correlation between frustration and aggression

    • B. 

      Frustration does not produce aggression

    • C. 

      Frustration that is objective, not emotional, produces aggression

    • D. 

      Frustration produces aggression

  • 30. 
    _____ occurs when an individual aims his/her aggression toward an innocent target.
    • A. 

      Scapegoating

    • B. 

      Conformity

    • C. 

      Obedience

    • D. 

      Prejudice

  • 31. 
    Research shows that all of the following factors play a role in aggression EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A lack of appropriate personal space

    • B. 

      Extreme heat

    • C. 

      Empathy

    • D. 

      Frustration

  • 32. 
    Prejudice is to _______ as discrimination is to _______.
    • A. 

      Attitude; behavior

    • B. 

      Behavior; law or norm

    • C. 

      Social; personal

    • D. 

      Opinion; judgment

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Social learning theory

    • B. 

      Social cognitive theory

    • C. 

      Us versus them theory

    • D. 

      Realistic conflict theory

  • 34. 
    Jordan and Doris are teenagers who live near six other teens. All eight of the teens tried out for the high school play, and all but Jordan and Doris were rewarded with a part in the play. Though Jordan and Doris were upset about not getting a part, they were more upset by the behaviors of the other six teens. It seemed that all of the students in the play formed a strong bond and sense of togetherness. They did not want anything to do with other students who were not in the play. Because of that, Jordan and Doris rarely see the other six teens from the neighborhood anymore. According to research in social psychology, which of the following is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Doris and Jordan are part of the in-group

    • B. 

      Jordan and Doris are part of the out-group

    • C. 

      Doris is part of the out-group; Jordan is part of the in-group

    • D. 

      The teens in the play are part of the out-group

  • 35. 
    Cynthia has recently begun a career with a Jewish-based agency. Up until now, she had not had any interaction with anyone who was Jewish. Based on the individuals she works with, she has found them to be a very close-knit group who care for their own in the community who need assistance. Additionally, she had found them to be very educated and assertive. Cynthia now holds the view that all Jewish people are the same: educated, close-knit within their own group, assertive, and caring toward other Jewish people who need help. Cynthia's view represents
    • A. 

      The halo effect

    • B. 

      Social facilitation

    • C. 

      The in-group perspective

    • D. 

      A stereotype

  • 36. 
    The realistic conflict theory would predict that the amount of prejudice would:
    • A. 

      Increase during an economic recession

    • B. 

      Decrease during an economic recession

    • C. 

      Be unaffected by a culture's economy

    • D. 

      Increase during times of economic prosperity

  • 37. 
    Christopher, a Canadian, feels that the Canadian way is the only way and clearly the best way. That being said, he feels that all other cultures are inferior to his. Which of the following concepts BEST describes Christpher's viewpoint?
    • A. 

      Social cognition

    • B. 

      Cultural bias

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • D. 

      Ethnoracism

  • 38. 
    Based on research regarding the perception of racism in the United States, in which of the following areas of life does racism still linger?
    • A. 

      Health care

    • B. 

      Racism still lingers in all of the above areas of life

    • C. 

      Education

    • D. 

      Housing