Psych 001 Chapter 12 Final

34 Questions

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause emotional distress and/or substantial impairment in functioning are defined as: Correct!
    • A. 

      Psychological disorders

    • B. 

      Abnormal behaviors

    • C. 

      Prevalent disorders

    • D. 

      Insanity

  • 2. 
    As a psychology student learning about the psychological disorders, which of the following questions will be most helpful in determining whether a particular behavior is considered abnormal and, therefore, a disorder?
    • A. 

      Is the behavior socially acceptable to one's culture?

    • B. 

      Does the behavior seem to interfere with social interactions?

    • C. 

      Is the person a danger to himself/herself?

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Is the behavior socially acceptable to one's culture?

    • B. 

      Does the behavior seem to interfere with social interactions?

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      Is the person a danger to him/herself?

  • 4. 
    Horace has a mood disorder and has recently sought treatment for it. The therapist explained that his mood disorder stems from not having enough of certain neurotransmitters. From which psychological perspective is this explanation?
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • B. 

      Cognitive perspective

    • C. 

      Learning perspective

    • D. 

      Biological perspective

  • 5. 
    Katie has an anxiety disorder and recently sought treatment for it. The therapist explained that the anxiety stemmed from her early childhood experiences. When Katie was young, her parents divorced. Her anxiety increased when her dad abandoned Katie, and when her mom decided to start another family with her new husband. From which psychological perspective is this explanation?
    • A. 

      Learning perspective

    • B. 

      Cognitive perspective

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • D. 

      Biological perspective

  • 6. 
    Jim has been breaking the law for some time now and has been arrested several times for hurting other people. The court has ordered that he undergo psychological therapy, in addition to jail time, to eliminate these behaviors. The therapist working with him feels strongly that Jim engages in these behaviors because he grew up watching his parents engage in a life of crime. In fact, Jim was often rewarded when he was young for stealing from the neighbors. Which psychological perspective BEST describes the cause of Jim's psychological disorder?
    • A. 

      Cognitive perspective

    • B. 

      Learning perspective

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • D. 

      Biological perspective

  • 7. 
    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, is a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association which describes the criteria used to classify and diagnose:
    • A. 

      Mental disorders.

    • B. 

      Both physiological and mental disorders.

    • C. 

      Physiological disorders.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 8. 
    Peter finally got up the courage to see a therapist after struggling with depression. When discussing his issues with his psychoanalytic therapise, Peter told his therapist that he was sexually assaulted by his previous college roommate. Though Peter was aware that the assault took place, he could not remember any of the painful details of the situation. Which of the following is Peter's therapist likely to say?
    • A. 

      "You are likely experiencing a fixation from the unsuccessful resolution of the Oedipus complex."

    • B. 

      "Don't worry about not remembering the painful details. They are better off left alone."

    • C. 

      "Those details serve no importance in the therapy I provide. We will just work to reduce the symptoms of your depression."

    • D. 

      "You are likely experiencing repression. Once we work through the painful details of that traumatic event, your depression will lift and you will feel much better."

  • 9. 
    Psychological disorders characterized by frequent thoughts about what might happen in the future are called: Correct!
    • A. 

      Neurotic disorders.

    • B. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • C. 

      Conscience disorders

    • D. 

      Guilt disorders

  • 10. 
    ______ is characterized by an overwhelming fear of being in a situation where escape is not possible or a fear that no one would be able to provide assistance if something terribly anxiety-provoking occurred.
    • A. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • B. 

      Hypochondriasis

    • C. 

      Agoraphobia

    • D. 

      Major depressive disorder

  • 11. 
    An intense fear of being humiliated or criticized by others in social situations is the basic idea behind
    • A. 

      Agoraphobia

    • B. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • C. 

      Paronoid personality disorder

    • D. 

      Social phobia

  • 12. 
    Patricia is terrified of bees. In fact, when summer comes around and the bees are out, Patricia stays inside. For which of the following disorders does Patricia seem to meet the criteria?
    • A. 

      Agoraphobia

    • B. 

      Specific phobia

    • C. 

      Panic disorder

    • D. 

      Social phobia

  • 13. 
    A(n) _______ is an unwanted, intrusive, and often unpleasant thought that causes an increase in anxiety.
    • A. 

      Obsession

    • B. 

      Delusion

    • C. 

      Compulsion

    • D. 

      Hallucination

  • 14. 
    An irrational act that a person feels driven to perform repeatedly is called:
    • A. 

      A delusion

    • B. 

      An obsession.

    • C. 

      A hallucination

    • D. 

      A compulsion

  • 15. 
    The most common of the serious mood disorders is:
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      Seasonal affective disorder

  • 16. 
    Extreme sadness, despair, a feeling of "slowing down," and problems in eating and sleeping characterize which of the following disorders?
    • A. 

      Dissociative fugue

    • B. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • C. 

      Disorganized schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Major depressive disorder

  • 17. 
    Monteil has periods in which he is so depressed that he becomes suicidal. At other times he is energetic and euphoric. He would probably receive a diagnosis of:
    • A. 

      Dysthymia

    • B. 

      Seasonal mood disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      Major depressive disorder

  • 18. 
    Bizarre thinking and behaviors in addition to disturbances in perception, emotion, and social interaction suggest the presence of Correct!
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Dissociative amnesia

    • C. 

      Panic disorder

    • D. 

      Paraphilias

  • 19. 
    Scott has spent the last two days locked in his apartment. He refuses to answer the phone or the door. He is convinced that the FBI is stealing his thoughts and that the only way to protect himself is to hide out in his apartment. Once Scott gets treatment, it will likely be for a diagnosis of
    • A. 

      Catatonic schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Dissociation disorder

    • C. 

      Paranoid schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety

  • 20. 
    Annie is unable to tell the difference between what is real versus what is not real. Annie's loss of contact with reality is referred as
    • A. 

      Derailment

    • B. 

      Euphoria

    • C. 

      Grandiosity

    • D. 

      Psychosis

  • 21. 
    Mattie is convinced that her neighbors are trying to poison her by sending a deadly gas through her vents. Mattie is displaying
    • A. 

      Derailment

    • B. 

      Delusions of persecution

    • C. 

      Visual hallucinations

    • D. 

      Delusions of grandeur

  • 22. 
    Emmit has recently been diagnosed with a psychological disorder. He was brought to the hospital by his roommates because he was convinced he was Jesus and tried baptizing friends who came to their apartment. Emmit was displaying
    • A. 

      A hallucination

    • B. 

      A delusion of persecution

    • C. 

      Derailment

    • D. 

      A delusion of grandeur

  • 23. 
    Jamaal is a psychology intern at the local hospital. When performing an intake with a female patient, he noticed that the individual could not follow through with a thought. She would begin talking about one topic then quickly change to another topic and then quickly to another. The topics were not totally unrelated, but not completely related either. The woman in this scenario is likely displaying
    • A. 

      Hallucinations

    • B. 

      Derailment

    • C. 

      Delusions of grandeur

    • D. 

      Delusions of persecution

  • 24. 
    All of the following are negative symptoms of schizophrenia EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Flat affect

    • B. 

      Slowed movements

    • C. 

      Poor hygiene

    • D. 

      Derailment

  • 25. 
    ______ is marked by bizarre behaviors, hallucinations, delusions, incoherent speech, and inappropriate affect.
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • B. 

      Catatonic schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Disorganized schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Paranoid schizophrenia

  • 26. 
    Periods of immobility, unresponsiveness, poor hygiene, and unusual postures suggest the presence of
    • A. 

      Catatonic schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • C. 

      Paranoid schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Dissociative fugue

  • 27. 
    ______ is the diagnosis given when a person clearly exhibits symptoms of schizophrenia, but those symptoms make up more than one type or don't add up to a specific type of schizophrenia at all.
    • A. 

      Catatonic schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Positive schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Undifferentiated schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Positive schizophrenia

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Dissociation disorder

    • B. 

      Anxiety disorder

    • C. 

      Mood disorder

    • D. 

      Somatoform disorder

  • 29. 
    Micah has noticed a tiny bump on his leg. He cannot remember hitting that part of his leg or think of what might have caused the bump. He is now convinced that the bump is a tumor and that he probably has cancer. Micah has gone to one doctor who dismissed the bump as nothing more than a bruise. The second doctor performed a biopsy on it just to be sure, but the results were negative for cancer. Micah is determined to find a physician who believes him and will treat the bump before it gets too serious. Although Micah will not be diagnosed with cancer, he may eventually be diagnosed with 
    • A. 

      Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

    • B. 

      Hypochondriasis

    • C. 

      Paranoid personality disorder

    • D. 

      Conversion disorder

  • 30. 
    Sometimes under tremendous stress, a person disconnects from his/her consciousness and becomes parts versus one whole. This category of disorders is referred to as the _______.
    • A. 

      Somatoform disorders

    • B. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • C. 

      Dissociative disorders

    • D. 

      Mood disorders

  • 31. 
    ______ occurs when an individual suddenly moves away and assumes a new identity, seemingly unaware of the previous one.
    • A. 

      Panic disorder

    • B. 

      Dissociative amnesia

    • C. 

      Dissociative identity disorder

    • D. 

      Dissociative fugue

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Gender identity disorder

    • B. 

      Sexual dysfunctions

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      Paraphilias

  • 33. 
    Disorders with a sexual basis that are destructive, guilt- or anxiety-producing, compulsive, or a cause of discomfort or harm to one or both parties involved are called:
    • A. 

      Sexual disorders

    • B. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • C. 

      Mood disorders

    • D. 

      Somatoform disorders

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Generalized anxiety

    • B. 

      Histrionic disorder

    • C. 

      Sexual dysfunctions

    • D. 

      Dissociative fugue