PSYC 342 Quiz 7

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 313

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

10 Multiple choice questions; choose the best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Your friend checks her shoes before riding on the escalator, to make sure they are tied and will not get caught between the moving steps. You recognize her behavior as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Active avoidance

    • B. 

      Passive avoidance

    • C. 

      An escape response

    • D. 

      A flooding response

  • 2. 
    The difference between an escape trial and an avoidance trial is that
    • A. 

      Escape is active avoidance and avoidance trials are passive avoidance.

    • B. 

      Escape trials are passive avoidance and avoidance trials are active.

    • C. 

      The aversive US is delivered during an escape trial but not in an avoidance trial.

    • D. 

      The aversive US is delivered during an avoidance trial but not in an escape trial.

  • 3. 
    A guinea pig can prevent mild footshock by turning a running wheel during a brief tone CS. Early in training, the guinea pig receives several shocks because it fails to spin the wheel in time. However, over several trials the guinea pig successfully learns to prevent the shock. These later successful trials are most correctly referred to as
    • A. 

      Escape trials.

    • B. 

      Avoidance trials.

    • C. 

      Omission trials.

    • D. 

      Acquired drive trials.

  • 4. 
    Lesioning of the hippocampus during fear conditioning has
    • A. 

      Its greatest effect late in conditioning.

    • B. 

      Its greatest effect early in conditioning.

    • C. 

      No effect unless NMDA receptor blockers are also used.

    • D. 

      No effect.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not true about avoidance behavior?
    • A. 

      Conditioned fear and avoidance responding are highly correlated.

    • B. 

      The results of acquired drive experiments support the two-process theory of avoidance.

    • C. 

      During early stages of avoidance training, most of the trials are escape trials.

    • D. 

      Generally, one-way shuttle avoidance is easier to learn than two-way.

  • 6. 
    Timmy is afraid of snakes and runs away whenever he sees one. To cure him of his fear, his older brother places Timmy in a box along with three harmless garter snakes. This treatment is an example of
    • A. 

      Response prevention.

    • B. 

      Systematic desensitization.

    • C. 

      Habituation.

    • D. 

      Conditioned suppression.

  • 7. 
    In a flooding procedure, the subject is
    • A. 

      Exposed to the US but unable to make the UR.

    • B. 

      Exposed to the UR but unable to make the avoidance response.

    • C. 

      Exposed to the CS but unable to make the avoidance response.

    • D. 

      Exposed to the US without exposure to the CS.

  • 8. 
    Which theory suggests that the nature of the avoidance response is shaped by punishment?
    • A. 

      The two-process theory of avoidance

    • B. 

      SSDR theory

    • C. 

      The safety-signal hypothesis

    • D. 

      Shock-frequency reduction theory

  • 9. 
    Which theory rejects the importance of instrumental conditioning in the development of avoidance behavior?
    • A. 

      The predatory imminence hypothesis

    • B. 

      The safety-signal hypothesis

    • C. 

      SSDR theory

    • D. 

      The shock-frequency reduction theory

  • 10. 
    If you wish to quickly and permanently suppress a behavior through the use of punishment, you should
    • A. 

      Initially use mildly aversive stimuli.

    • B. 

      Initially use aversive stimuli of short duration.

    • C. 

      Initially use strong and longer aversive stimulation.

    • D. 

      Use mild aversive stimulation and progress to stronger stimuli.

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