Were using empirical methods to investigate reflexes
Were using empirical methods to study laws of associations
Extended Descartes’ concept of dualism
Were concerned with the study of the mind, not with physiological mechanisms.\x00
Pavlov demonstrated that new reflexes could develop through a mechanism of association
Pavlov demonstrated that reflexes are innate and based on neural anatomy
Pavlov demonstrated that reflexes are due to a stimulus releasing a response from inhibition
Pavlov demonstrated that complex ideas develop from associations between sensory experiences
How the elements of the nervous system change due to associative learning
The conditions under which information is acquired
The features of the reflex arc necessary for learning to occur
All of these
One must assume that the animal in question is like humans.
The animal behavior must be as complex as human behavior.
One must identify a relevant similarity between the animal model and the human behavior of interest.
The animal behavior must be similar to human behavior in most respects.
A weight lifter can raise less and less weight as her sets go on.
After a growth spurt, a child can now climb on the couch.
In the spring, male birds are attracted to females, but not in the fall when the females are not receptive.
None of these
All animals respond to training in a similar manner.
Learning phenomena are products of elemental processes that are consistent across situations.
Learning phenomena are products of elemental processes that change across situations.
Differing species will learn about similar stimuli and responses similarly.
The habitation response
The sensitization process
They are invariant and make good controls.
They are present in most animals except humans and provide clues to the evolution of behavior.
They do not occur the same way each time the eliciting stimulus is presented.
They allow for voluntary behavior in non-human animals.
Focus attention on all stimuli present.
Direct responses to all stimuli present.
Focus attention on background stimuli.
Focus attention on relevant stimuli.
Determine if the subject can still sense the stimulus.
Determine if the subject is responding to the stimulus in other ways.
Present a new stimulus that elicits a similar response.
Present a new stimulus that elicits an unrelated response.