Psyc 342 Quiz 1

10 Questions

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Week 1: Quiz 1. 10 multiple choice questions. Choose the best answer. Each question is worth one point. You will see immediate feedback when you submit your answers.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The research of Ivan Pavlov and Hermann Ebbinghaus is similar because both researchers
    • A. 

      Were using empirical methods to investigate reflexes

    • B. 

      Were using empirical methods to study laws of associations

    • C. 

      Extended Descartes’ concept of dualism

    • D. 

      Were concerned with the study of the mind, not with physiological mechanisms.\x00

  • 2. 
    Which of the following best characterizes Pavlov’s extension of Descartes’ theory of reflexes?
    • A. 

      Pavlov demonstrated that new reflexes could develop through a mechanism of association

    • B. 

      Pavlov demonstrated that reflexes are innate and based on neural anatomy

    • C. 

      Pavlov demonstrated that reflexes are due to a stimulus releasing a response from inhibition

    • D. 

      Pavlov demonstrated that complex ideas develop from associations between sensory experiences

  • 3. 
    What can behavioral studies of learning demonstrate?
    • A. 

      How the elements of the nervous system change due to associative learning

    • B. 

      The conditions under which information is acquired

    • C. 

      The features of the reflex arc necessary for learning to occur

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is necessary when using animal models to study human behavior?
    • A. 

      One must assume that the animal in question is like humans.

    • B. 

      The animal behavior must be as complex as human behavior.

    • C. 

      One must identify a relevant similarity between the animal model and the human behavior of interest.

    • D. 

      The animal behavior must be similar to human behavior in most respects.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following would correctly be identified as due to learning?
    • A. 

      A weight lifter can raise less and less weight as her sets go on.

    • B. 

      After a growth spurt, a child can now climb on the couch.

    • C. 

      In the spring, male birds are attracted to females, but not in the fall when the females are not receptive.

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 6. 
    The general-process approach to learning assumes that
    • A. 

      All animals respond to training in a similar manner.

    • B. 

      Learning phenomena are products of elemental processes that are consistent across situations.

    • C. 

      Learning phenomena are products of elemental processes that change across situations.

    • D. 

      Differing species will learn about similar stimuli and responses similarly.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is the simplest form of elicited behavior?
    • A. 

      The habitation response

    • B. 

      Feedback stimuli

    • C. 

      Reflexive behavior

    • D. 

      The sensitization process

  • 8. 
    Elicited behaviors are interesting to researchers studying learning because of which following result?
    • A. 

      They are invariant and make good controls.

    • B. 

      They are present in most animals except humans and provide clues to the evolution of behavior.

    • C. 

      They do not occur the same way each time the eliciting stimulus is presented.

    • D. 

      They allow for voluntary behavior in non-human animals.

  • 9. 
    Habituation and sensitization effects perform which of the following functions?
    • A. 

      Focus attention on all stimuli present.

    • B. 

      Direct responses to all stimuli present.

    • C. 

      Focus attention on background stimuli.

    • D. 

      Focus attention on relevant stimuli.

  • 10. 
    To rule out response fatigue as the cause for the decreased responding that occurs over repeated presentations of a stimulus, the researcher should
    • A. 

      Determine if the subject can still sense the stimulus.

    • B. 

      Determine if the subject is responding to the stimulus in other ways.

    • C. 

      Present a new stimulus that elicits a similar response.

    • D. 

      Present a new stimulus that elicits an unrelated response.