Psyc 310 Quiz 4

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 97

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

25 multiple choice questions. Each question is worth one point. Choose the best answer for each quesiton.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The _______ theory states that counterstimulation can reduce painful sensations.
    • A. 

      Analgesic

    • B. 

      Hyperalgesia

    • C. 

      Gate Control

    • D. 

      Gate-Pain

  • 2. 
    Long-term exposure to a scent induces a psychological process termed ______.
    • A. 

      Receptor adaptation

    • B. 

      Receptor internalization

    • C. 

      Cognitive habituation

    • D. 

      Olfactory agnosia

  • 3. 
    ________receptors, or nociceptors, are bare nerve endings embedded in the skin.
    • A. 

      Thermo

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Kinesthetic

    • D. 

      Mechano

  • 4. 
    The nose’s retina or olfactory epithelium consists of ______.
    • A. 

      Supporting cells

    • B. 

      Basal cells

    • C. 

      Olfactory sensory neurons

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    The inability to sense an odorant after short-term exposure is termed ______.
    • A. 

      Receptor adaptation/internalization

    • B. 

      Habituation

    • C. 

      Cross adaptation

    • D. 

      Decreased detection threshold

  • 6. 
    Hedonic responses to tastes are produced by the _______.
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Somatosensory cortex

    • C. 

      Insular cortex

    • D. 

      Orbitofrontal cortex

  • 7. 
    _____ or gustatory cortex is the primary brain area for processing of taste information.
    • A. 

      Insular cortex

    • B. 

      Orbitofrontal cortex

    • C. 

      Amygdala

    • D. 

      Hippocampus

  • 8. 
    SA I mechanoreceptors (Merkel) are important for ______.
    • A. 

      Fine detail

    • B. 

      Skin stretching

    • C. 

      Hand grip

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 9. 
    _______ is/are considered a type of somatosensation.
    • A. 

      Temperature changes

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Position/movement of the limbs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Umami is the taste sensation produced by _______.
    • A. 

      Monosodium glutamate (MSG)

    • B. 

      Aspartic acid

    • C. 

      GABA

    • D. 

      Glutamine

  • 11. 
    ______ are olfactory receptor genes that appear in the genome, but their proteins are never produced.
    • A. 

      Simple olfactory receptor genes

    • B. 

      Olfactory sensory neurons

    • C. 

      Olfactory epithelium genes

    • D. 

      Pseudogenes

  • 12. 
    Cold thermoreceptors respond best to ________ in skin temperature.
    • A. 

      Increases

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Skin damage due to heat

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    _____ are bumps on the tongue that house the taste buds.
    • A. 

      Filiform papillae

    • B. 

      Fungiform papillae

    • C. 

      Foliate papillae

    • D. 

      B and C only

  • 14. 
    Olfactory information is transmitted _____, where info from the right nostril activates the right olfactory bulb.
    • A. 

      Contralaterally

    • B. 

      Ipsilaterally

    • C. 

      Medially

    • D. 

      Semilaterally

  • 15. 
    _______theory states that the odorant is the key and the olfactory receptor it binds to is the lock.
    • A. 

      Vibrational

    • B. 

      Shape-pattern

    • C. 

      Olfaction

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Taste receptor cells are replaced every ____ days, maintaining our robust sense of taste.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20

  • 17. 
    PROP and PTC produce ______sensations in supertasters.
    • A. 

      Intense bitter

    • B. 

      No taste

    • C. 

      Salty

    • D. 

      Intense sour

  • 18. 
    Memories elicited by olfactory cues are more ______ compared to memories elicited by other sensory cues.
    • A. 

      Colorful

    • B. 

      Intense

    • C. 

      Correct

    • D. 

      Emotional

  • 19. 
    ______ is a metasensation and is actually a mix of gustation and olfaction.
    • A. 

      Taste

    • B. 

      Smell

    • C. 

      Flavor

    • D. 

      Umami

  • 20. 
    _______ organization is defined as adjacent areas on the skin being represented by adjacent areas in the brain (and some areas being larger than others and not always corresponding to the size of body area), which results in the homunculus or brain map.
    • A. 

      Tonotopic

    • B. 

      Somatotopic

    • C. 

      Retinotopic

    • D. 

      Somatosensation

  • 21. 
    _______ is thought to occur when active brain areas invade dormant brain areas associated with a lost body part.
    • A. 

      Dominant limb

    • B. 

      Phantom limb

    • C. 

      Rogue limb

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The ______ demonstrates the concentration and size of receptor fields in a specific area of the body.
    • A. 

      Two-point touch threshold/dermatome experiment

    • B. 

      Phantom limb

    • C. 

      Hyperalgesia

    • D. 

      Haptic perception

  • 23. 
    To be detected as an odorant by the human olfaction system, a substance must be ___.
    • A. 

      Volatile

    • B. 

      Small

    • C. 

      Hydrophobic

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    ______ is the ability to identify objects by touch only.
    • A. 

      Haptic perception

    • B. 

      Wernicke's aphasia

    • C. 

      Somatosensations

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Dryness, the “taste of metal”, and hotness (like chilli pepper) are considered _______ sensations.
    • A. 

      Gustatory

    • B. 

      Olfactory

    • C. 

      Painful

    • D. 

      Somatosensory