Type Of Muscle Fibers Quiz Questions

198 Questions | Total Attempts: 42

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Muscle Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A scientific explanation of a complex phenomenon that is cast in terms of a simpler one?
    • A. 

      Rationalization

    • B. 

      Falsification

    • C. 

      Generalization

    • D. 

      Deduction

    • E. 

      Reduction

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Reduction uses simple processes to explain complicated ones

    • B. 

      The goal of science is to understan a phenomenon under study

    • C. 

      Gerenalization and reduction are important tools in science

    • D. 

      Scientists only use reductionistic explanations

    • E. 

      All of the above statements are true

  • 3. 
    Rene Descartes would be considered to hold a _____ view of the mind-body problem.
    • A. 

      Monist

    • B. 

      Reductionist

    • C. 

      Pluralist

    • D. 

      Dualist

    • E. 

      Animist

  • 4. 
    A reflex is considered to be an_____ movement elicited by a____.
    • A. 

      Involuntary; external stimulus

    • B. 

      Volunatry; internal stimulus

    • C. 

      Conscious; external stimulus

    • D. 

      Unconscious; internal stimulus

    • E. 

      None of the aboe

  • 5. 
    A________is a simple system that works on known principles that can be used to explain a complex system.
    • A. 

      Model

    • B. 

      Assumption

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Prototype

    • E. 

      Syllogism

  • 6. 
    The belief that the natural characteristics of an organism exert useful effects is termed
    • A. 

      Reductionsim

    • B. 

      Positivism

    • C. 

      Functionalism

    • D. 

      Consolidation

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Charles Darwin proposed the principles of___.
    • A. 

      Speciif nerve energy

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Experimental ablation

    • D. 

      Communism

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Mutations involve
    • A. 

      Adverse neural development caused by drug ingestion in adulthood

    • B. 

      Accidental changes in the genetic information of the chromosomes

    • C. 

      Poor adaptation to the environment

    • D. 

      Improved reporductive success

    • E. 

      Only beneficial changes in the characteristics of an organism

  • 9. 
    The principle of natural selection proposes that certain characteristics that_____ will become  more prevalent in a species
    • A. 

      Are associated with multiple genetic mutations

    • B. 

      Inhibit reproductive behaviors

    • C. 

      Increase reproductive success

    • D. 

      Impair adaption to the local environment

    • E. 

      A and B are correct

  • 10. 
    The procee of evolution
    • A. 

      Does not invovle gentic mutations

    • B. 

      Does not include natural selection

    • C. 

      Restes on the doctrine of specific nerve energies

    • D. 

      Refers to a gradual change in the structure and function of a species

    • E. 

      Was proven by experimental ablation experiments

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is correct with regard to the relation between brain size and body size?
    • A. 

      Humans brains are larger than other species when expressed relative to total body weight

    • B. 

      Human brains are larger that elephant brains in terms of absolute size

    • C. 

      The human brain is more than 5% of total body weight

    • D. 

      The elephant braind is larger than the human brain in terms of percent of body weight

    • E. 

      Larger brains require smaller bodies

  • 12. 
    Which of the following was a characteristic of humans that allowed them to effectively compete with other species?
    • A. 

      Color vision allows for the detection of ripe fruit and game

    • B. 

      Mastery of fire allowed for provision of warmth in shelters

    • C. 

      Agile hands allow for the creation and use of tools

    • D. 

      Mastery of fire allowed food to be cooked

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 13. 
    The common structures or regions that form a motor neuron include the
    • A. 

      Soma

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Dendrites

    • D. 

      Axon terminals

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 14. 
    The nucleus of the nerve cell is located within the
    • A. 

      Soma

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Axon terminals

    • D. 

      Dendrites

    • E. 

      Mitochondria

  • 15. 
    The physical gap that carries a neural message between two nerves cells is the
    • A. 

      Glial junction

    • B. 

      Axon contact

    • C. 

      Synapse

    • D. 

      Dendritic apposition

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    The membrane of a nerve cell consists of
    • A. 

      Protein molecules

    • B. 

      Vesicle remnants

    • C. 

      A single layer of lipid molecules

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Neurotransmitter molecules are most commonly secreted from the
    • A. 

      Glial cell

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Axon terminal

    • D. 

      Dendritic apposition

    • E. 

      Soma

  • 18. 
    Neurons of the central nervous system are provided nutrients, oxygen, and physical support by___ cells.
    • A. 

      Schwann

    • B. 

      Glial or neuroglial

    • C. 

      Golgi

    • D. 

      Stem

    • E. 

      Microtubule

  • 19. 
    A key function of an astrocyte is to
    • A. 

      Provide physical support of nerve cells

    • B. 

      Provide nourishment to neurons

    • C. 

      Clean up debris within the brain

    • D. 

      Regulate the chemicals in the fluid surrounding neurons

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is true of Schwann cells?
    • A. 

      Schwann cells provide myelin for peripheral nerve cells

    • B. 

      Schwann cells are found within the brain

    • C. 

      A single Schwann cell wraps multiple segments around a pheripheral nerve cell

    • D. 

      A singel Shcwann cells can myelinate up to 50 segments of axon membrane

    • E. 

      Schwann cells remove the cellular debris left by ded neurons in the brain

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is true of the blood brain barrier?
    • A. 

      The barrier is uniform, protecting all brain structures

    • B. 

      The barrier pumps glucose out of the brain into the bloodstream

    • C. 

      The barrier functions to regulate the chemical composition of the extracellular fluid surrounding the brain cells

    • D. 

      The barrier is formed by a special layer of cells that surround the arteies of the brain

    • E. 

      The ventricles have a blood-brain barrier

  • 22. 
    The normal order of activation during neuronal transmission is
    • A. 

      Axon-->dendrite-->soma-->axon terminals

    • B. 

      Axon terminals--->soma--->axon--->dendrite

    • C. 

      Dendrite-->soma-->axon-->termial button

    • D. 

      Soma-->axon-->dendrite-->axon terminal

    • E. 

      Dendrite-->axon terminal-->soma-->axon

  • 23. 
    The interior of a neuron at rest
    • A. 

      Has the same ionic concentrations as the outside

    • B. 

      Is at the same voltage potential as the outside

    • C. 

      Has a higher sodium concentration tht outside

    • D. 

      Is negatively charged relative to the outside

    • E. 

      Has a lower postassium concentration that outside

  • 24. 
    Sodium ions move out of the axon because of
    • A. 

      The openign of sodium channels

    • B. 

      The opening of voltage-gated channels

    • C. 

      Kinesin

    • D. 

      Electrostatic pressure

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is consistent with the “all or none” law?
    • A. 

      The action potential will diminish to near 0 mV when transmitted down a long axon.

    • B. 

      A series of action potentials occures at the same rate regardless of the imputs to the neuron

    • C. 

      The actoin pontential gains speed as it travels down the axon

    • D. 

      The action potential is produced whenever the membrane potential reaches threshold

    • E. 

      None of the above