Pardons, clemency, and Amnesty
Justice, equality proverty
Making all the decisions of the world, creating new jobs for asians, throwing people in jail.
When a president orders out for dinner
When the president conforms and consults with the congress
Directives by the president to his subordinates on how they should be organized functions, or on the policy they should implement and the way they should do it
When the president does not say anything to the citizens about declaring a war.
When the war takes over the whole nation
Requires the president to inform and consult with Congress prior to putting American forces in hostile situations without a declaration of war.
When the president stops the war to resolve an issue.
When there are no ducks in the ponds; no one goes duck hunting during this time.
The last years of a presidency when the president is not eligible for reeclection; political power usually decreases during this period.
The president is tired and the country is at risk
Playing golf with citizens, producing more jobs, planting gardens
Letting criminals have more freedon, lowering gas prices, giving away scholarships
Political reputations, public prestige, persuasive abilities to get their way.
Process by which the president makes a publick appeal to build support for himself his andministration or his policies. Risk: Dangers in relying too heavily on a public forum, and failure to meet expectations disappointment and damages to reputation.
When the presidents informs congress on the things going on in the white house
President gives a public speech announcing the countries debts
Agency is responsible for a narrow set of functions than a department. Some agencies are independent; others exist with in departments
Agency is resposible for a large set of functions. All agencies are independent.
Filing most federal government jobs that was establised in 1883 ehrtr jobd must be open to any citizen and merit must be the basis for choosing employees.
To employ citizens at minimum wage.
All citizens have the right to have apart in serving for the country.
Keeps a record of the economic flow in businesses
Controls prices, market entry, and conditions of service in specific industries.
Through regulation, rule making, adjudication, compliance enforcement, allocation of funds.
Through regulation, agency, adjudication, rule making, allocation of funds
Through the president, congress, and the secretary of state
They both are of a hierarchy of authority and an emphasis on fixed routines.
They both are ran by the government
They are both ran by the president
Distributive policies, Bureaucracy policies, and Hierarchy policies.
Distributive policies, regulatory policies, and Redistributive policies.
Regulator policies, distributive policies, and commercial policies.
A system for carrying on the business of an organization.
Legal controls, legislative checks press scrutiny, popular participation, bureaucratic reform
Expertise, political support, organizational vitality, leadership
Persistence, conservatism, expansionism, capture, territorial imperative.
Incrementalism and major policy shifts
Uoholds the constitution bill of rights at the state and federal level.
State constitution or state law used as the basis for a decision by a state court instead of a federal law or a federal courts interpretation of the U.S. constitution and bill of rights.
The principle by which the U.S. Supreme court will not hear an appeal of a state court case if the case was dcided on the basis of a state constitution or a state bill of rights.