Pharm: --> Prototype Drug Quiz

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 93

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Drug Quizzes & Trivia

In this pharmaceutical quiz about prototype drugs, we’ll be describing a wide range of drugs such as gentamycin, vermox, amoxicillin, rifampin, chloroquine, lamisil and nyastin, and you’ll have to determine what drug we’re describing. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Treats serious infections. Is Bactericidal. Given via IM/IV. reaches peak level in one hour. Half-life is 2-3 hours. Side Effects : sinusitis, dizzy, rash, fever, risk of nephrotoxicity.
    • A. 

      Gentamicin

    • B. 

      Tetracycline

    • C. 

      Ceflacor

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin

  • 2. 
    QTreats Resp, Derm, UTI, Middle Ear Infections. Can be given for anthrax exposure. Similar to Penicillin. Give orally w/ peak within one hour. Adverse Effects: Nausea, vomit, Diarrhea, risk for pseudomembranous colitis.
    • A. 

      Cefaclor

    • B. 

      Fluroquinolone

    • C. 

      Gentamicin

    • D. 

      Erythromycin

  • 3. 
    UizTreats gram negative bacteria, resp, derm, UTI, ear, eye, bone, joints. Antrax exposure, typhoid fever. is Bacteriostatic. Given Oral, IV. Oral peaks at 60-90 mins. IV peaks 30 mins. Adverse effects include: headache, dizzy, hypotension, nausea, vomit, diarrhea, fever, rash.
    • A. 

      Amoxicillin

    • B. 

      Ceflacor

    • C. 

      Tetracycline

    • D. 

      Ciprofloxacin

  • 4. 
    Used in ppl w/ allergy to Penicillin, Legionnaires disease,chlamydia, resp, derm, UTI, GI infections. can be bacteriostatic and bactericidal. Adverse Effects:  Abdom cramping, vomit,diarrhea, rash, superinfection, liver toxicity, risk for membranous colitis, potential hearing loss. Bactericidal and bacteriostatic.Given via Oral : peaks 1-4 hIV: peak within 1 hr.
    • A. 

      Azulfidine/septra

    • B. 

      Erythromycin

    • C. 

      Isoniazid/INH

    • D. 

      Clindamycin

  • 5. 
    Treatment of severe infections when penicillin or other less toxic antibiotics cannot be used.used against anaerobes. useful in septicemia and chronic bone and joint infections. Can be bacteriostatic and bactericidal depending on dose. Not for pregnant women. Major adverse effects. Must monitor liver, kidney. Nausea, vomit, diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, bone marrow suppression, hypotension, cardiac arrest w/ rapid IV infusion, rash, pain on injection, absess at injection site.Given via: Oral- Peaks @ 1-2 hrs IM- Peaks @ 1-3 hrs IV- ImmediateTopical- Minimal absorption occurs
    • A. 

      Gentamycin

    • B. 

      Clindamycin

    • C. 

      Erythromycin

    • D. 

      Ciprofloxacin

  • 6. 
    Broad spectrum, used for children and adults.Treats many coccal bacteria (strep, pneumo, staph, etc). Crosses placenta, take on empty stomach,Treats Helocibacter infections as part of combo therapy, postexposure prophylaxis for anthrax, First Antibiotic introduced, BacteriostaticAdverse effects:GI Upset (nausea, vomit, diarrhea), glossitis, stomatitis, bone marrow suppression, rash, fever, superinfection, lethargy. Monitor for hypersensitivity.Given Orally, peaks in 1 hour.
    • A. 

      Erythromycin

    • B. 

      Azulfidine

    • C. 

      Vermox

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin

  • 7. 
    Treats ulcerative collitis and Crohn's Disease, rheumatoid arthritis. Treats Gram - and + bacteria. Blocks PABA.Given Orally. Peaks 2-6 hrs.Adverse Effects: nausea, vomit, diarrhea, hepatocellular necrosis, hematuria, bone marrow suppression,  Stevens- Johnson syndrome, rash, photophobia, fever, chills.
    • A. 

      Azuldifine/Septra

    • B. 

      Erythromycin

    • C. 

      Amoxicillin

    • D. 

      Ceflacor

  • 8. 
    Treats acne. used when Penicillin is contraindicated. Bacteriostatic. Based on common soil mold.. Never give to kids under 8 yrs old. Avoid sun- will burn skin.Given Orally. peaks in 2-4 hrs. Given Topically.Adverse Effects: photosensitivity, damage to bones, discolors teeth, damages teeth in fetus and children, GI Upset, Glossitis,
    • A. 

      Rifampin

    • B. 

      INH/Isoniazid

    • C. 

      Tetracycline

    • D. 

      Clindamycin

  • 9. 
    Treats TB as part of combo therapy with Rifampin. Prophylactic to household members of recently dx TB pts. Given orally. Peak 1-2 hrs. Works by interfering w/ lipid and nucleic acid synthesis in actively growing tubercle bacilli.
    • A. 

      INH/Isoniazid

    • B. 

      Chloroquine

    • C. 

      Vermox

    • D. 

      Ketoconazole

  • 10. 
    Treats Influenza,  Avian Flu. Oral.Half-life 6-10 hours. 
    • A. 

      Acyclovir/Zovirax

    • B. 

      Lamisil

    • C. 

      Tamiflu/Oseltamivir

    • D. 

      Diflucan

  • 11. 
    Treats Herpes, cold sores. Bacteriostatic.Given Oral: 1-2 hr peakIV: Immediate TopicalAdverse Effects: headache, vertigo, tremors, nausea, vomit, rash.
    • A. 

      Clotrimazole

    • B. 

      Nyastin

    • C. 

      Amphotericin B

    • D. 

      Acyclovir

  • 12. 
    Treats oropharyngeal, esophageal, and vaginal candidiasis, cryptotococcal meningitis, systemic fungal infections, prophylaxis to decrease incidence of candidiasis in bone marrow transplants.Should only be used  in pregnancy if benefits outweight the risks.Given Orally 1-2 hr peak, and IV (rapid).
    • A. 

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    • B. 

      Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)

    • C. 

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • D. 

      Terbafine (Lamisol)

  • 13. 
    Available OTC for treatment of vaginal and oral candida infections, tinea infections (ringworm). Bactericidal.Given to Chemo/Radio pts for candidiasis prevention.Adverse Effects: Troche, GI upset, Abnormal liver function test, sting, red, edema, lower abdom pain, urinary freq, irritation.
    • A. 

      Nyastin/Nilstat

    • B. 

      Terbafine/Lamisil

    • C. 

      Clotrimazole/Lotrimin

    • D. 

      Fluconazole/Diflucan

  • 14. 
    Used for treatment of intestinal candiasis
    • A. 

      Ketoconazole/Nizoral

    • B. 

      Terbinafine/Lamisil

    • C. 

      Nyastin/Nilstat

    • D. 

      Fluconazole/Diflucan

  • 15. 
    Treats onychomycosis of fingernail or toe.  BLocks formation of ergosterol. Inhibits a CYP2D6 enzyme system.Given orally.
    • A. 

      Terbafine/Lamisil

    • B. 

      Nystatin/Nilstat

    • C. 

      Ketonazole/Nizoral

    • D. 

      Fluconazole/Diflucan

  • 16. 
    Treats same mycoses as Amphotericin B. Treats aspergillosis, leishmaniasis, cryptococcis, blastocmycosis, Monilisais, coccidiodomycosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis. Topical treatment of mycosses, to reduce scaling of dandruff.Side effects of blocking activity of human steriods, including cortisol and testosterone, hepatic toxicityDo not use for fertility and endocrine patients.Given via: Oral, shampoo.
    • A. 

      Fluconazole/Diflucan

    • B. 

      Ketonazole/Nizoral

    • C. 

      Nystatin/Nilstat

    • D. 

      Terbafine/Lamisil

  • 17. 
    Treats Progressive, potentially fatal fungal infections, treats aspergillosis, leishmaniasis, cryptococcosis, blastomycosis, monaillasis,cryptococcous, blastomycosis, monillasis, coccidiodomycosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, topical treatment of resistant candida.Also treats cutaneous and mucocutaneous candida infectsion.Given via IV based on severity and Topical.Can be fatal. Do not give to pts w/ Kidney disease.
    • A. 

      Tetracycline

    • B. 

      Terbafine

    • C. 

      Erythromycin

    • D. 

      Amphotericin B

  • 18. 
    Treatment for Plasmodium Malaria, extraintestinal amebiasisGiven OrallyAdverse Effects: visual disturbances, retina changes, hypotension, nausea, vomit, diarrhea
    • A. 

      Chloroquine/Aralen

    • B. 

      Acyclovir/Zovirax

    • C. 

      Mebendazole/Vermox

    • D. 

      Pyrantel/Pin-Rid

  • 19. 
    Treatment of whipworms, tapeworms,pinworms,hookworms.Available in chewable form. works in 2-4 hrs.Do not use if pregnant.Few adverse effects.
    • A. 

      Pyrantel/PinRid

    • B. 

      Clotrimazole/Lotrimin

    • C. 

      Mebendazole/Vermox

    • D. 

      Chloroquine/Arelen

  • 20. 
    Treatment of pinworms and roundworms.Do NOT give to children.Given Orally. Single Dose.Adverse effects: GI Upset
    • A. 

      Pyrantel/Pin Rid

    • B. 

      Mebendazole/Vermox

    • C. 

      Chloroquine/Aralen

    • D. 

      Cefaclor

  • 21. 
    Causes Urine, sweat and Tears to turn Orange. Used in combo w/ INH to treat TB (an acid fast bacteria)
    • A. 

      Clindamycin

    • B. 

      Rifampin

    • C. 

      Erythromycin

    • D. 

      Septra

  • 22. 
    Acyclovir/Zovirax
    • A. 

      AntiViral

    • B. 

      Antibiotic

    • C. 

      Antimalarial

    • D. 

      Anthelmintic

    • E. 

      Antifungal

  • 23. 
    Oseltamivir/Tamiflu
    • A. 

      Viral

    • B. 

      Antibiotic

    • C. 

      Malarial

    • D. 

      Fungal

    • E. 

      Antihelmintic

  • 24. 
    Chloroquine/Aralen
    • A. 

      Antibiotic

    • B. 

      Viral

    • C. 

      Malarial

    • D. 

      Fungal

    • E. 

      Antihelmintic

  • 25. 
    Amphotericin B
    • A. 

      Antibiotic

    • B. 

      Antiviral

    • C. 

      Antimalarial

    • D. 

      Antifungal

    • E. 

      Anthelmintic

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