Prerenalfailure (part 1) - Abdomen B Mini Quiz 4/10/11

14 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An example of prerenal failure includes conditions of ____________ which is a ____________ in blood flow.
  • 2. 
    Hypoperfusion is caused by:
    • A. 

      Renal vein thrombosis

    • B. 

      Renal artery thrombosis

    • C. 

      Embolism

    • D. 

      Shock

    • E. 

      Sepsis

  • 3. 
    With prerenal failure, the kidneys do not get sufficient __________  __________.  Also due to problems before the kidney that manifests in the kidney.
  • 4. 
    Occlusion of the renal artery resulting in renal ischemia or absent arterial flow is called a __________  __________  ___________.
  • 5. 
    A renal artery thrombosis can be caused by a(n) ___________ or a(n) ___________ inside or outside of the renal artery.
  • 6. 
    Clinical symptoms of renal artery thrombosis include:
    • A. 

      Acute flank pain

    • B. 

      Hematuria

    • C. 

      Sudden HTN

    • D. 

      Polyuria

  • 7. 
    A thrombosis also means a __________.
  • 8. 
    Sono appearance of renal artery thrombosis:
    • A. 

      Acute: normal kidney

    • B. 

      Acute: possible renal enlargement

    • C. 

      Acute: small, hyperechoic

    • D. 

      Local areas of infarct

    • E. 

      Hypoechoic wedge-shaped masses

    • F. 

      Chronic: small, hyperechoic

  • 9. 
    Renal vein thrombosis can result from:
    • A. 

      Renal artery stenosis

    • B. 

      Renal trauma

    • C. 

      Renal allografts

    • D. 

      Renal tumors

    • E. 

      IVC or renal vein extrinsic compression

  • 10. 
    Clinically, patients with renal vein thrombosis will present with ___________ and ___________ pain.
  • 11. 
    Sono Appearance of Renal Vein Thrombosis: ____________ develop, which is a tortuous dilatation of a vein.
  • 12. 
    Sono Appearance of Renal Vein Thrombosis: A dilated thrombosed renal vein with an enlarged, hypoechoic kidney (due to back up). Is this true in acute or chronic cases?
    • A. 

      Acute

    • B. 

      Chronic

  • 13. 
    Sono Appearance of Renal Vein Thrombosis: The renal artery normally displays a ________ (high or low?) resistance waveform with an RI of < ______.
  • 14. 
    Sono Appearance of Renal Vein Thrombosis: Increased arterial resistance is a nonspecific finding even when combined with absent renal vein flow.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False