Practice Test I Foundation Of Nursing (Practice Mode)- Rnpedia

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1388

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Founcations Of Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which element in the circular chain of infection can be eliminated by preserving skin integrity?
    • A. 

      Host

    • B. 

      Reservoir

    • C. 

      Mode of transmission

    • D. 

      Portal of entry

  • 2. 
    Which of the following will probably result in a break in sterile technique for respiratory isolation?
    • A. 

      Opening the patient’s window to the outside environment

    • B. 

      Turning on the patient’s room ventilator

    • C. 

      Opening the door of the patient’s room leading into the hospital corridor

    • D. 

      Failing to wear gloves when administering a bed bath

  • 3. 
    Which of the following patients is at greater risk for contracting an infection?
    • A. 

      A patient with leukopenia

    • B. 

      A patient receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics

    • C. 

      A postoperative patient who has undergone orthopedic surgery

    • D. 

      A newly diagnosed diabetic patient

  • 4. 
    Effective hand washing requires the use of:
    • A. 

      Soap or detergent to promote emulsification

    • B. 

      Hot water to destroy bacteria

    • C. 

      A disinfectant to increase surface tension

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    After routine patient contact, hand washing should last at least:
    • A. 

      30 seconds

    • B. 

      1 minute

    • C. 

      2 minute

    • D. 

      3 minutes

  • 6. 
    Which of the following procedures always requires surgical asepsis?
    • A. 

      Vaginal instillation of conjugated estrogen

    • B. 

      Urinary catheterization

    • C. 

      Nasogastric tube insertion

    • D. 

      Colostomy irrigation

  • 7. 
    Sterile technique is used whenever:
    • A. 

      Strict isolation is required

    • B. 

      Terminal disinfection is performed

    • C. 

      Invasive procedures are performed

    • D. 

      Protective isolation is necessary

  • 8. 
    Which of the following constitutes a break in sterile technique while preparing a sterile field for a dressing change?
    • A. 

      Using sterile forceps, rather than sterile gloves, to handle a sterile item

    • B. 

      Touching the outside wrapper of sterilized material without sterile gloves

    • C. 

      Placing a sterile object on the edge of the sterile field

    • D. 

      Pouring out a small amount of solution (15 to 30 ml) before pouring the solution into a sterile container

  • 9. 
     A natural body defense that plays an active role in preventing infection is:
    • A. 

      Yawning

    • B. 

      Body hair

    • C. 

      Hiccupping

    • D. 

      Rapid eye movements

  • 10. 
    All of the following statement are true about donning sterile gloves except:
    • A. 

      The first glove should be picked up by grasping the inside of the cuff.

    • B. 

      The second glove should be picked up by inserting the gloved fingers under the cuff outside the glove.

    • C. 

      The gloves should be adjusted by sliding the gloved fingers under the sterile cuff and pulling the glove over the wrist

    • D. 

      The inside of the glove is considered sterile

  • 11. 
    When removing a contaminated gown, the nurse should be careful that the first thing she touches is the:
    • A. 

      Waist tie and neck tie at the back of the gown

    • B. 

      Waist tie in front of the gown

    • C. 

      Cuffs of the gown

    • D. 

      Inside of the gown

  • 12. 
    Which of the following nursing interventions is considered the most effective form or universal precautions?
    • A. 

      Cap all used needles before removing them from their syringes

    • B. 

      Discard all used uncapped needles and syringes in an impenetrable protective container

    • C. 

      Wear gloves when administering IM injections

    • D. 

      Follow enteric precautions

  • 13. 
    All of the following measures are recommended to prevent pressure ulcers except:
    • A. 

      Massaging the reddened are with lotion

    • B. 

      Using a water or air mattress

    • C. 

      Adhering to a schedule for positioning and turning

    • D. 

      Providing meticulous skin care

  • 14. 
    Which of the following blood tests should be performed before a blood transfusion?
    • A. 

      Prothrombin and coagulation time

    • B. 

      Blood typing and cross-matching

    • C. 

      Bleeding and clotting time

    • D. 

      Complete blood count (CBC) and electrolyte levels.

  • 15. 
    The primary purpose of a platelet count is to evaluate the:
    • A. 

      Potential for clot formation

    • B. 

      Potential for bleeding

    • C. 

      Presence of an antigen-antibody response

    • D. 

      Presence of cardiac enzymes

  • 16. 
    Which of the following white blood cell (WBC) counts clearly indicates leukocytosis?
    • A. 

      4,500/mm³

    • B. 

      7,000/mm³

    • C. 

      10,000/mm³

    • D. 

      25,000/mm³

  • 17. 
    After 5 days of diuretic therapy with 20mg of furosemide (Lasix) daily, a patient begins to exhibit fatigue, muscle cramping and muscle weakness. These symptoms probably indicate that the patient is experiencing:
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • C. 

      Anorexia

    • D. 

      Dysphagia

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements about chest X-ray is false?.
    • A. 

      No contradictions exist for this test

    • B. 

      Before the procedure, the patient should remove all jewelry, metallic objects, and buttons above the waist

    • C. 

      A signed consent is not required

    • D. 

      Eating, drinking, and medications are allowed before this test

  • 19. 
    The most appropriate time for the nurse to obtain a sputum specimen for culture is:
    • A. 

      Early in the morning

    • B. 

      After the patient eats a light breakfast

    • C. 

      After aerosol therapy

    • D. 

      After chest physiotherapy

  • 20. 
    A patient with no known allergies is to receive penicillin every 6 hours. When administering the medication, the nurse observes a fine rash on thepatient’s skin. The most appropriate nursing action would be to:
    • A. 

      Withhold the moderation and notify the physician

    • B. 

      Administer the medication and notify the physician

    • C. 

      Administer the medication with an antihistamine

    • D. 

      Apply corn starch soaks to the rash

  • 21. 
    All of the following nursing interventions are correct when using the Ztrack method of drug injection except:
    • A. 

      Prepare the injection site with alcohol

    • B. 

      Use a needle that’s a least 1” long

    • C. 

      Aspirate for blood before injection

    • D. 

      Rub the site vigorously after the injection to promote absorption

  • 22. 
    The correct method for determining the vastus lateralis site for I.M. injection is to:
    • A. 

      Locate the upper aspect of the upper outer quadrant of the buttock about 5 to 8 cm below the iliac crest

    • B. 

      Palpate the lower edge of the acromion process and the midpoint lateral aspect of the arm

    • C. 

      Palpate a 1” circular area anterior to the umbilicus

    • D. 

      Divide the area between the greater femoral trochanter and the lateral femoral condyle into thirds, and select the middle third on the anterior of the thigh

  • 23. 
    The mid-deltoid injection site is seldom used for I.M. injections because it:
    • A. 

      Can accommodate only 1 ml or less of medication

    • B. 

      Bruises too easily

    • C. 

      Can be used only when the patient is lying down

    • D. 

      Does not readily parenteral medication

  • 24. 
    The appropriate needle size for insulin injection is:
    • A. 

      18G, 1 ½” long

    • B. 

      22G, 1” long

    • C. 

      22G, 1 ½” long

    • D. 

      25G, 5/8” long

  • 25. 
    The appropriate needle gauge for intradermal injection is:
    • A. 

      20G

    • B. 

      22G

    • C. 

      25G

    • D. 

      26G

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