The Washington,D.C. Municipal Court
The Territorial Court of the Virgin Islands
The U.S District Courts
The Police Court of New York City
The Court of Military Appeals
Conduct foreign relations
Establish post offices
I, II, III, IV
II, I, III, IV
III, I, II, IV
IV, I, III, II
I, IV, III, II
Article One, Section 5
Article One, Section 10
Bill of Rights
Trial by jury
Dual branch committees
Limiting themselves to being only grass-roots organizations
Being dominated by foreign interests
Never supporting incumbent candidates
Encouraging strict campaign finance regulations
Making politicians dependent on their financial support
He or she is the leader of the Senate majority party.
He or she is recognized first in debate.
He or she controls the scheduling of bills for floor consideration.
He or she has more power than Senate whips.
He or she is always selected from a different party than the vice president.
Checks and balances
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
The Pendleton Act of 1883
The Hatch Act of 1939
The Garfield Amendment of 1902
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1946
Close banks which lend excessively to foreign countries and seldom to U.S. citizens
Take large amounts of money out of circulation in order to curb inflation
Raise or lower interests in order to influence interest rates of private banks
Levy taxes on luxury items in order to create more revenue for the government
Create new business by selling parts of federal agencies to the private sector
Literacy requirements for voters
Cumbersome registration requirements
Weakening power of political parties
Apathy on the part of the electorate
Disiliusionment with politics in general
Many labor unions were suspected of having communists or socialists among their membership who might advocate the violent overthrow of the government
The Smith Act forbade practices that might impede the profitable functioning of a business
The Smith Act forbade strikes in areas that were crucial to the functioning of the economy
Wages set by the Smith Act were often lower than the wages which many workers were currently receiving
Many labor union members expected consultation by the staff members of legislators before they made a law which would so profoundly affect union membership
Voters feel a stronger affiliation to their political parties when they are voting for president than when voting for a congressional representative.
The Democratic and Republican parties hold conventions to nominate their presidential candidates in order to discourage participation by low-ranking members.
In major elections, there is usually a third major party that emerges to challenge the Republicans and Democrats.
The stronger the grass-roots support for a party, the more divisive the nominating conventions are likely to be.
The trend over the last 50 years has been a lessening of party loyalty, especially in national elections.
There were more undeclared candidates than Democratic candidates.
Republican membership contains a majority of people in the top 1/3 in income status.
Republicans and Democrats have an equal number of people in the middle 1/3 income status.
Republicans and Independents have an equal proportion of the members in the middle income status.
Democrats, Republicans, Independents, and Undeclareds have an equal number of members.
Many voters are single-issue voters.
Party affiliation is no longer a strong influence on voting patterns.
Party platforms are formed with the purpose of bringing in a diverse group of supporters.
The amount of voters gained and lost by the abortion stance almost equalled out.
Abortion is a key issue for a candidate.
Herbert Hoover's economic policies
Richard Nixon's treatment of college students protesters
Abraham Lincoln's election platform
Teddy Roosevelt's African safaris
George Bush's stance on haitian refugees
Keeping the children of illiterates from voting
Weeding out people who would not vote wisely
Preventing women from voting
Discrminating against the elderly
Keeping African-Americans from voting
It strengthened the power of states to interpret the Constitution
It affirmed the power of the Supreme Court to have the final say in interpreting the Bill of Rights
It led to the eventual overturning of the Fourteenth Amendment
It placed more stringent limits on freedom of speech
It weakened federalism in favor of a system that more equitably balanced state versus federal powers
A person accused of sedition by the Congress
A person found guilty of slander against a mayor and jailed by local authorities
A union organizer accused of murder
A Senator accused of perjury by a political opponent
A doctor being sued for malpractice in two different states
Committee on Committees
Foreign Relations Committee
Ways and Means Committee
Release prisoners he feels were falsely incarcerated
Take property from people who did not pay taxes
Control illegal narcotics imports
Strip errant legislators of their powers
Control the Congress's spending through the refusal to use funds
Creating and implementing the national budget
Negotiating and signing treaties with foreign nations
Creating and passing legislation
Repelling sudden attacks on the U.S.
Formally declaring war
To be elected, politicians must earn the support of a large cross section of the electorate.
Policial action committees often support candidates of meager financial means.
In the last two decades, almost every mainstream candidate for the presidency has been a millionaire.
Business leaders are often in desagreement over policy and political candidates.
There are more registered Democrats than Republicans.
The longer and more protracted a war is, the higher and stronger the current president's approval rating will be.
Short successful military engagements are followed by a sharp rise in the president's approval.
Every president tries to have at least one military action during his/her presidency, in order to solidify public approval
Presidents are always blamed when wars are lost and lauded when wars are won.
The higher the casualty rate of the enemy during a war, the higher the president's approval rating will be.