Political Science (Unit One Test)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia

Political science 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Representation in the Confederation Congress was based on which of the following formulae?
    • A. 

      One house was based on population, and one on state equality

    • B. 

      Both houses were based on state equality

    • C. 

      The one-house congress was based on population

    • D. 

      The one-house congress was based on state equality

  • 2. 
    Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required approval:
    • A. 

      By a simple majority of the states

    • B. 

      By a 2/3 majority of the states

    • C. 

      By a 3/4 majority of the states

    • D. 

      By the unanimous agreement of all 13 states

  • 3. 
    Which of the following might be sufficient to ratify amendments to the Constitution?
    • A. 

      A 3/4 votes of both houses of congress

    • B. 

      State legislatures in 2/3 of the states

    • C. 

      State conventions in 2/3 of the states

    • D. 

      State legislatures in 3/4 of the states

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 4. 
    According to James Madison in Federalist #10, what is "the first object of government?"
    • A. 

      To guarantee freedom

    • B. 

      To ensure freedom of thought and freedom of religion

    • C. 

      To protect unequal abilities to acquire property

    • D. 

      To maintain public order and the safety of the people

  • 5. 
    According to Federalist 10, the "most dangerous" faction is:
    • A. 

      One based on religion

    • B. 

      One based on race

    • C. 

      One based on strongly held philosophical opinions

    • D. 

      The majority

  • 6. 
    According to our discussion in class, statements expressing moral and political value judgments are:
    • A. 

      Described as "empirical"

    • B. 

      Described as "normative"

    • C. 

      Not subject to confirmation or disproof based on evidence

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 7. 
    The 13th Amendment, giving women the vote, was ratified in:
    • A. 

      1870

    • B. 

      1890

    • C. 

      1913

    • D. 

      1920

    • E. 

      1951

  • 8. 
    The LEAST wealthy 60 percent of the American population owns approximately what share of the total wealth?
    • A. 

      4.0 percent

    • B. 

      14.0 percent

    • C. 

      24.4 percent

    • D. 

      40.0 percent

  • 9. 
    Who was/were the author (s) of the FEDERALIST PAPERS?
    • A. 

      James Madison

    • B. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • C. 

      John Jay

    • D. 

      All those above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 10. 
    Which of the following elements of gradual democratization has NOT been accomplished by an amendment to the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Extension of the right to vote to women

    • B. 

      Extension of the right to vote to those 18-29

    • C. 

      Extension of the right to vote to property-less white males

    • D. 

      Direct election of US Senators

  • 11. 
    In the Digital Readings Packet article titled "Rules for a Bank Bailout," the author recommends that the US learn from the lessons applied by which of these countries when it faced a similar major banking crisis?
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Great Britain

    • C. 

      Sweden

    • D. 

      Canada

  • 12. 
    On the issue of equality how do the Declaration of Independence and Federalist 10's defense of the Constitution compare?
    • A. 

      Both documents assert that all men are created equal

    • B. 

      Both domcuments assert that all men are created unequal

    • C. 

      The declaration of independence asserts that all men are created equal, but federalist 10 asserts that it is human nature that men are unequal.

    • D. 

      The declaration of independence asserts that it is human nature that men are unequal. but federalist 10 asserts all men are created equal

  • 13. 
    There are CURRENTLY large differences in voting turnout based on which of the following demographic characteristics:
    • A. 

      Education

    • B. 

      Age

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      All of those above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 14. 
    Your textbook describes one of these party "eras" as actually being TWO eras of Republican party dominance 
    • A. 

      1796-1824

    • B. 

      1828-1856

    • C. 

      1860-1928

    • D. 

      1932-1964

    • E. 

      1968-present

  • 15. 
    Chapter 7 of your textbook says that MTV, ESPN, Comedy Central, and C-Span are examples of which trend in the mass media:
    • A. 

      Narrowcasting

    • B. 

      The Downs model

    • C. 

      Embedding

    • D. 

      Blanket media

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an example of spurious correlation?
    • A. 

      The apparent relationship b/w voting turnout and education

    • B. 

      The apparent relationship b/w voting turnout and age

    • C. 

      The apparent relationship b/w voting turnout and race

    • D. 

      The apparent relationship b/w voting turnout and income

  • 17. 
    According to a graph in chapter 6 of your text, there has been a growing acceptance of gays and lesbians over the past 20 years by which of these groups?
    • A. 

      Liberals

    • B. 

      Moderates

    • C. 

      Conservatives

    • D. 

      All those above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 18. 
    What do the Presidential elections of 1800 and 1824 have in common?
    • A. 

      The electoral college chose someone other than the popular vote winner to serve as President

    • B. 

      In both elections, there were so-called "faithless" electors who failed to honor their pledges to vote for the nominees of their parties

    • C. 

      In both elections, no candidate had a majority of Electoral votes, so the President was chosen by the House

    • D. 

      In both elections, no candidate had a majority of electoral votes, so the President was chosen by the senate

  • 19. 
    What is "the Consitutional provision" for choosing members of the electoral college?
    • A. 

      They are to be chosen in any manner determined by the states

    • B. 

      They are to be chosen individually by popular vote

    • C. 

      They are to be chosen by popular vote for pledged slates, chosen on a winner-take-all basis

    • D. 

      They are to be chosen by popular vote for pledged slates, chosen on the basis of proportional representation

  • 20. 
    What is the current method for choosing members of the Electoral College, as used in 48 out of the 50 states?
    • A. 

      They are to be chosen as specified in the 14th amendment

    • B. 

      They are to be chosen individually by popular vote

    • C. 

      They are to be chosen by popular vote for pledged slates, chosen on a winner-take-all basis

    • D. 

      They are to be chosen by popular vote for pledged slates, chosen on the basis of proportional representation

  • 21. 
    Below are four alternative explanations for why most americans most of the time are inattentive to politics and therefore uninformd about it. Which of the four is supported by the finding that WHEN AN ISSUE IS HIGHLY SALIENT, there there is evidence that the public is more attentive and much more informed than usual
    • A. 

      Cognitive limitations

    • B. 

      Low information is an indirect measure of satisfaction with the status quo

    • C. 

      Cynicism on the part of the public

    • D. 

      Low information is artificially cnotrived to serve someone's interests

  • 22. 
    Below are four alternative explanations for why most americans most of the time are inattentive to politics and therefore uninformd about it. Which of the four is supported by the finding that almost all salient issues are conceptually quite simple, and there are virtually no salient issues which are highly complex
    • A. 

      Cognitive limitations

    • B. 

      Low information is an indirect measure of satisfaction with the status quo

    • C. 

      Cynicism on the part of the public

    • D. 

      Low information is artificially contrived to serve someone's interests

  • 23. 
    According to chapter 2 of your textbook, the language used by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence has remarkable parallels with the earlier work of which English philosopher?
    • A. 

      John locke

    • B. 

      Edmund burke

    • C. 

      Thomas paine

    • D. 

      Bertrand russell

  • 24. 
    In chapter 6 of your textbook there is a one-page table that compares political attitudes of Americans 18-29 years old with thos of Americans 65 and older. Based on that table, which of the following statements is/are true?
    • A. 

      The young are more liberal that the elderly

    • B. 

      The young are more in favor of gays in the military than are the elderly

    • C. 

      The young are more in favor of "government policies to reduce income differences" than are the elderly

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 25. 
    The total gross national debt in late January 2009 was:
    • A. 

      10.6 trillion

    • B. 

      789 billion

    • C. 

      700 billion

    • D. 

      454 billion

    • E. 

      254 billion

  • 26. 
    In January 2009, the number of jobs lost and the unemployment rate increased to:
    • A. 

      398,000 and 6 percent

    • B. 

      498,000 and 6 percent

    • C. 

      498,000 and 7.6 percent

    • D. 

      598,000 and 7.6 percent

  • 27. 
    Which of the following did Madison believe would guard against the most dangerous faction?
    • A. 

      A democracy, not a republic

    • B. 

      A small republic, not a large one

    • C. 

      A large democracy, not 13 small ones

    • D. 

      Indirect elections

    • E. 

      Universal suffrage

  • 28. 
    In 2006, what was the average income for fremales who worked full-time and year-round with Bachelor's degrees?
    • A. 

      62,000

    • B. 

      57,000

    • C. 

      52,000

    • D. 

      47,000

    • E. 

      42,00

  • 29. 
    The so-called "stimulus" bill that passed both houses of Congress last week is intended as a remedy for which problem?
    • A. 

      The current recession

    • B. 

      The very large increase in govt. debt since 1981

    • C. 

      The crisis in the financial markets and the banking system

    • D. 

      The end of the speculative "bubble" in rising prices for homes

  • 30. 
    What was the federal budget deficit for Fiscal Year 2008?
    • A. 

      10.6 trillion

    • B. 

      789 billion

    • C. 

      700 billion

    • D. 

      454 billion

    • E. 

      254 billion

  • 31. 
    According to the US constitution, for purposes of determining the number of representatives each state would have in the house, slaves were:
    • A. 

      Not considered

    • B. 

      Counted as persons

    • C. 

      Counted as one third of a person

    • D. 

      Counted as three-fifths of a person

  • 32. 
    Based on your reading of Fed 10, Madison thought the primary cause of faction, the source of factional divisions was:
    • A. 

      Philosophical disputes

    • B. 

      Human nature, in that all mean are created equal

    • C. 

      Human nature, in that men were unequal

    • D. 

      Disputes over religion

    • E. 

      Disputes over slavery

  • 33. 
    In measuring changes in the business cycle, what is the fundamental variable that fluctuates?
    • A. 

      Change in the federal budget deficit or surplus measured annualy

    • B. 

      Change in nominal gross domestic product (GDP) measured monthly

    • C. 

      Change in real gross domestic product (GDP) measured monthly

    • D. 

      Change in real gross domestic product (GDP) measured quarterly

  • 34. 
    In measuring changes in dollar amounts for ANY economic variable, we often use the terms "real" and "nominal." In this usage, "real" means:
    • A. 

      In current dollars; that is, those adjusted for inflation

    • B. 

      In constant dollars; that is, those adjusted for inflation

    • C. 

      In current dollars; that is, those not adjusted for inflation

    • D. 

      In constant dollars; that is, those not adjusted for inflation

  • 35. 
    Which of the following groups was/were in the New Deal Coalition that was the basis of the Democratic party put together by Franklin Roosevelt?
    • A. 

      Southern Whites

    • B. 

      African-AM

    • C. 

      Union workers in the North

    • D. 

      All of those above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 36. 
    The most recently identified turning point in the US business cycle was:
    • A. 

      A trough in dec 2007, identified in dec 2008

    • B. 

      A peak in dec 2007, identified in dec 2008

    • C. 

      A trough in nov 2001, identified in july 2002

    • D. 

      A peak in nov 2001, identified in july 2003

  • 37. 
    According to our discussion in class, which of the following factors have an impact on whether or not an issue is highly salient to the public?
    • A. 

      The extent to which the issue is given media coverage

    • B. 

      The relative simplicity or complexity of the issue

    • C. 

      Whether or not the issue is emphasized in university education

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 38. 
    Which of the following statements about the TARP is/are correct?
    • A. 

      It is intended to remedy the crisis in the financial markets

    • B. 

      It authorized spending of up to 700 billion

    • C. 

      The first half of the authorized spending was spent in the last three months of the Bush administration

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B, but not C

  • 39. 
    Who described the 1993 tax increase as "the largest in history?" and what did they base that description on?
    • A. 

      Liberals and Democrats, measuring in current dollars

    • B. 

      Liberals and Democrats, measuring in constant dollars

    • C. 

      Conservatives and Republicans, measuring in current dollars

    • D. 

      Conservatives and Republicans, measuring in constant dollars

  • 40. 
    In chapter 1 of your textbook, which one of the following is NOT considered a linkage institution?
    • A. 

      Political parties

    • B. 

      Interest groups

    • C. 

      The courts

    • D. 

      The media

  • 41. 
    The bitter conflict of 1785-86 was caused by:
    • A. 

      The economic condition of inflation, produced unintentionally

    • B. 

      The economic condition of inflation, produced by intentional government policy

    • C. 

      The economic condition of deflation, produced unintentionally

    • D. 

      The economic condition of deflation, produced by intentional government policy

  • 42. 
    In the first lecture, it was argued that this course centers on 2 relationships which are asserted as obvious and provable and a third relationship which was hypothetical; what is it
    • A. 

      How the strenght of the economy affects you and your family

    • B. 

      How you and your family affect the strength of the economy

    • C. 

      How you and your family affect government policies

    • D. 

      How government policies affect the strenght of the economy

    • E. 

      How government policies affect you and your family

  • 43. 
    What does the original constitution say about a deadline for the ratification of amendments once they have been proposed
    • A. 

      Proposed amendments must be ratified within seven years

    • B. 

      Proposed amendments must be ratified within seventeen year

    • C. 

      Proposed amendments must be ratified within whatever time period is specified in the text of the amendment

    • D. 

      The constitution says nothing about a deadline for ratification

  • 44. 
    According to a one-page map in chapter 9 of the text, during the 2008 primary campaign for the Democratic nomination, Obama and Hilary Clinton visited which two states considerably more than the others?
    • A. 

      The states with the two largest populations; california and new york

    • B. 

      The states with the earliest party caucus and presidential primary, Iowa and New Hampshire

    • C. 

      The states that were most closely contested, so-called "battleground" states, ohio and florida

    • D. 

      The states most hard hit by the recession and economic crises, michigan and florida

  • 45. 
    One article in the DRP for week two has as its title "Unfairly Rewarding _______" and the author actually advocates that "nfairly rewarding" this group is a desirable policy. What group is named in the title?
    • A. 

      Greedy bankers

    • B. 

      Subprime borrowers

    • C. 

      Dumb investors

    • D. 

      People who don't pay taxes

  • 46. 
    With regard to the importation of slaves, the original constitution said:
    • A. 

      Importing slaves cold not be prohibited by Congress prior to 1808

    • B. 

      Importing slaves could not be prohibited by congress prior to 1828

    • C. 

      The limitation imposed on the power of congress to prohibit the slave trade before a certain date could NOT be changed by amendment

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 47. 
    Between 1970 and 2005, how did the share of income going to America's highest-income 20 percent of the population change?
    • A. 

      It increased from 39 percent to 45 percent

    • B. 

      It declined from 45 percent to 39 percent

    • C. 

      It increased from 41 percent to 53 percent

    • D. 

      It declined from 53 percent to 41 percent

  • 48. 
    According to the constitution:
    • A. 

      The president must approve proposed amendments

    • B. 

      The president may approve or veto proposed amendments

    • C. 

      The president must approve ratified amendments

    • D. 

      The president may approve or veto ratified amendments

    • E. 

      The president has NO formal role in the amendment process

  • 49. 
    According to our discussion in class, which of the following was the Anti-Federalists' most effective criticism of the proposed Constitution?
    • A. 

      The new Constitution was anti-democratic

    • B. 

      The new Constitution created a federal government with the power to tax

    • C. 

      The new constitution contained no Bill of Rights or guarantees of the liberties of individuals

    • D. 

      The new Constitution created a two-house congress

  • 50. 
    Below are four alternative explanations for why most Americans most of the time are inattentive to politics and therefore uninformed abot it. Which of the four is the most optimistic about the potential for majority rule?
    • A. 

      Cognitive limitations

    • B. 

      Low information is an indirect measure of satisfaction with the status quo

    • C. 

      Cynicism on the part of the public

    • D. 

      Low information is artificially contrived to serve someone's interests