Child welfare has evolved from ___________ _______ (i.e.,
placing in an institution) to ______ ______ to _______ _________ to ______ _____.
Why did it take doctors so long to bring child abuse to the public eye?
In short, it was not in the primary physicians’ best
interest, either ______________________, to “discover” child abuse.
Developed by Dr. Henry Kempe (labeling and language).
By medicalizing child abuse, it characterized the behavior
as an illness and placed most of its ownership in the therapeutic helping
professions (i.e., medicine, psychiatry, and social work), and effectively
limited involvement of the legal system.
Definition of children/childhood:An objective criterion based on age. This is an absolute marker or indicator of status based on a number of years alive. It applies to everybody equally. It is used in the legal interpretation of minor status.This is regarded as an "_________" definition of childhood.
Definition of children/childhood:A subjective criterion based on variables such as maturity, knowledge, experience, functionality, or level of development.This is a _____ measure. This is regarded as a "______" definition of childhood.
What are the three normative issues in child welfare policy?
___________ recognizes the rights of children to be protected and the rights of parents to rear their own children. The time-limited nature also attempts to minimize government involvement.
Institutional vs normative criteria:
This child welfare
policy issue relates to our aforementioned institutional and normative
definitions of childhood.
Social policies based on age-defined criteria of minor
status include child labor laws, voting, driving, and public drinking laws.
Public education is also defined by institutional criteria.
These laws are
designed to ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.
Social policies based upon subjective criteria such as level
of functioning or development are incorporated into juvenile justice and child
Utilizing normative criteria for age would also allow
soldiers to legally drink, or teen-age parents to function as adults.
Q. Does having more social workers increase or decrease
the rate of child abuse?
There are now laws in every state mandating that
professionals who deal with children report suspicions of abuse – _____ in _____ to over __ million in _____.