As a program
As separate design and engineering projects
As separate UPC codes
As independent product lines
Human Resource Management Plan
Technical transfer or handoff
Stakeholder risk tolerances
All of the above
Estimate Activity Workload
Estimate Activity Input
Activity Resource Requirements
Estimate Activity Resources
The project must improve customer satisfaction
The project should be higher quality
The project must yield a 15% reduction in part cost
All stakeholders’ needs must be satisfied
Recognition for excellent work
Good relations with coworkers and managers
Project -based and Non-project based
Management driven or revenue driven
Mature or immature
Project management or program management
Initiating process group
Scope management process
A subproject is a manageable component of a project.
A subproject is the smallest unit of a project and cannot be broken down further.
A subproject may be created from a project depending on human resource skill requirements.
A subproject can be contracted to an external enterprise or another functional unit in the performing organization.
It helps people manage their time.
The project protects itself from lawsuit.
It is not important.
The project saves money by releasing people from the project at the right time and morale is also improved.
Organization and profitability
Schedule and cost
Schedule, cost, quality or performance
Changes to project scope
Rolling wave planning
Detailing out the product requirements which were developed during the initiation process.
Production of fabrication and construction drawings from the design drawings for a chemical plant.
Project authorization document
Project scope statement
Project scope management plan
Project Schedule Network Diagram
Critical Path Schedule
Requirements management plan
Standards are guidelines established by consensus and approved by a recognized body whereas Regulations are mandatory, government-imposed requirements.
Standards are mandatory requirements created by the project team whereas Regulations are mandatory requirements issued by the Government.
Standards are internally issued guidelines whereas Regulations are government-issued guidelines.
Both are the same. The usage of the term varies depending on the country in which you operate.
Data Date (DD)
Due Date (DD)
Project Date (PD)
Reporting Date (RD)
System or process flow charts
Cause and effect diagram
Organization breakdown Structure
Resource Breakdown Structure
The performing organization
The project sponsor
The project is over budget.
The project is right on budget.
The project is under budget.
The project is ahead of schedule.
A collection of unrelated programs can constitute a portfolio.
The scope of a portfolio is typically smaller than that of a program.
A program is a group of unrelated projects.
A program need not consist of projects.
To determine if a lump sum contract should be used
To determine the project funding limits
To hold vendors accountable to a certain price
To serve as a comparison point for incoming estimates