Philosophy Final Pt. 2

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 33

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Descartes says that, for all he knows, he may be ___________. 
    • A. 

      A god

    • B. 

      Dreaming

    • C. 

      Perfect

    • D. 

      Infallible

  • 2. 
    Locke's purpose is to enquire into ___________. 
    • A. 

      Authoritative opinions about knowledge

    • B. 

      The origin and extent of human knowledge

    • C. 

      The essence of the soul

    • D. 

      The structure and functions of the brain

  • 3. 
    Locke rejected the notion of ____________. 
    • A. 

      Innate ideas

    • B. 

      Sense data

    • C. 

      Empirical knowledge

    • D. 

      Relations of ideas

  • 4. 
    Barkeley insists that heat and cold are ________. 
    • A. 

      Physical objects

    • B. 

      Only sensations existing in our mind

    • C. 

      Only things existing apart from our minds

    • D. 

      Illusions

  • 5. 
    Berkeley believes that sensible things cannot exist except in _____________. 
    • A. 

      A mind

    • B. 

      Absolute existence

    • C. 

      Material substance

    • D. 

      A material universe

  • 6. 
    Descartes had been disillusioned by his discovery that many of the alleged truths he had learned as a youth were ___________. 
    • A. 

      Beyond question

    • B. 

      True

    • C. 

      False

    • D. 

      Contrary to his religion

  • 7. 
    The difficulty of justifying the assumption that the future will be like the past is known as _____________. 
    • A. 

      The problem of science

    • B. 

      The problem of incoherence

    • C. 

      The problem of induction

    • D. 

      The problem of deduction

  • 8. 
    The philosophical study of knowledge is known as: 
    • A. 

      Cognition

    • B. 

      Epistemology

    • C. 

      Metaphysics

    • D. 

      Positivism

  • 9. 
    Locke asserts that all the components of reason and knowledge come from _____________. 
    • A. 

      Memory

    • B. 

      Logic

    • C. 

      Experience

    • D. 

      The mind of God

  • 10. 
    Descartes believes that the very fact that he is thinking shows that __________. 
    • A. 

      He is not being deceived

    • B. 

      He exists

    • C. 

      He does not exist

    • D. 

      He is dreaming

  • 11. 
    Feminist postmodernists refuse to accept which basic tenet of feminist standpoint theory? 
    • A. 

      That there can be a single privileged perspective from which to aquire knowledge

    • B. 

      That there should be a reduction in the plurality of viewpoints

    • C. 

      That there are many ways of knowing

    • D. 

      That all systems should be deconstructed

  • 12. 
    Kant wants us to believe that logical and mathematical concepts... 
    • A. 

      Depend on experience

    • B. 

      Depend on the innate structure of our minds

    • C. 

      Are true necessarily and universally regardless of the structure of our minds

    • D. 

      Contain only synthetic statements

  • 13. 
    Feminist standpoint theory says that different social groups have distinctive kinds of knowledge acquired through... 
    • A. 

      Rigorous study

    • B. 

      Unique experiences

    • C. 

      Universal perspectives

    • D. 

      Intrinsic behaviors

  • 14. 
    According to Kant, noumena is... 
    • A. 

      Our perceptions

    • B. 

      The world, in itself, outside our experience

    • C. 

      Conceptualized sense data

    • D. 

      A product of experience

  • 15. 
    Hume had maintained that knowledge of the world comes entirely from _____________. 
    • A. 

      Inductivism

    • B. 

      Skepticism

    • C. 

      Rationalism

    • D. 

      Experience

  • 16. 
    A statement that is not analytic is ____________. 
    • A. 

      An a priori statement

    • B. 

      An a posteriori statement

    • C. 

      A synthetic statement

    • D. 

      A persuasive statement

  • 17. 
    According to Eve Browning Cole, feminist empiricism maintains that philosophers and scientists need to be told to ___________. 
    • A. 

      Look again

    • B. 

      Reconstruct empirical practices from scratch

    • C. 

      Expedite the process of inquiry

    • D. 

      Repeat the mistakes of the past

  • 18. 
    What was Immanuel Kant's "Copernican Revolution? 
    • A. 

      That objects conform to the mind

    • B. 

      That the mind conforms to objects

    • C. 

      That the planets orbit the sun

    • D. 

      That all knowledge comes from experience

  • 19. 
    The following is an example of an analytic statement: 
    • A. 

      Roses are red.

    • B. 

      Every event has a cause

    • C. 

      All bodies are extended

    • D. 

      The planets orbit the sun

  • 20. 
    An a priori statement is a statement... 
    • A. 

      That can be known independently of or prior to experience

    • B. 

      Which depends entirely on sense experience

    • C. 

      Whose denial results in a contradiction

    • D. 

      That is not analytic

  • 21. 
    Aquinas says that the first efficient cause of everything is ____________. 
    • A. 

      Nature

    • B. 

      The universe

    • C. 

      God

    • D. 

      An infinite series

  • 22. 
    Paley's argument, if cogent, proves the existence of a Christian God. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Paley says that if we found a watch and examined it closely, we would naturally infer that it had a maker - even if we had never seen a watch made. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    A belief in one God who created the world but left it unattended to run on its own. 
    • A. 

      Agnosticism

    • B. 

      Theism

    • C. 

      Deism

    • D. 

      Monotheism

  • 25. 
    The view that although God and the world are distinct, the world is part of God. 
    • A. 

      Atheism

    • B. 

      Panentheism

    • C. 

      Pantheism

    • D. 

      Deism

  • 26. 
    Paley says that every indication of contrivance that exists in the watch exists in ____________. 
    • A. 

      The works of nature

    • B. 

      God

    • C. 

      Time

    • D. 

      Infinity

  • 27. 
    The view that God and the universe are one and the same thing, a divine whole.
    • A. 

      Panentheism

    • B. 

      Polytheism

    • C. 

      Atheism

    • D. 

      Pantheism

  • 28. 
    According to Paley, we must conclude that a watch had an intelligent designer if the watch _____________. 
    • A. 

      Shows purposefullness

    • B. 

      Is engraved

    • C. 

      Runs well

    • D. 

      Has a structure

  • 29. 
    According to Aquinas, an infinite regress of causes is ___________. 
    • A. 

      Finite

    • B. 

      Necessary

    • C. 

      Impossible

    • D. 

      Possible

  • 30. 
    Anselm argues that a being which exists in reality is greater than a being that ____________. 
    • A. 

      Is worshipped

    • B. 

      Exists without flaws

    • C. 

      Is embodied

    • D. 

      Exists only in the understanding

  • 31. 
    Pascal says that if you bet that God exists, and he does in fact exist _____. 
    • A. 

      You lose because you abandon reason

    • B. 

      You win infinite happiness and lose nothing

    • C. 

      You win nothing and lose everything

    • D. 

      You gain a viable faith

  • 32. 
    The universal principle that our actions result in deserved pleasure or pain in this life or the next: 
    • A. 

      Samsara

    • B. 

      Anatta

    • C. 

      Karma

    • D. 

      Dharma

  • 33. 
    Pascal believes that when it comes to the question of God's existence _____. 
    • A. 

      Reason can decide the question

    • B. 

      Faith depends on reason

    • C. 

      Reason can decide nothing

    • D. 

      Reason can lead us to faith

  • 34. 
    The ultimate aim of all Buddhist practice and the final liberation to which all the Buddha's teachings point: 
    • A. 

      Nirvana

    • B. 

      Dharma

    • C. 

      Reincarnation

    • D. 

      Karma

  • 35. 
    The view that we are justified in believing something only if it is supported by sufficient evidence: 
    • A. 

      Pragmaticism

    • B. 

      Science

    • C. 

      Pragmatism

    • D. 

      Evidentialism

  • 36. 
    According to James, a live option is _____. 
    • A. 

      A dead hypothesis

    • B. 

      A forced option

    • C. 

      A true hypothesis

    • D. 

      A real possibility to someone

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is not one of the three fundamental aspects of Buddhist life? 
    • A. 

      Right speech

    • B. 

      Mental discipline

    • C. 

      Wisdom

    • D. 

      Moral conduct

  • 38. 
    James maintains that the desire for a certain kind of truth can _____. 
    • A. 

      Change nothing

    • B. 

      Never help create a fact

    • C. 

      Bring about the special truth's existence

    • D. 

      Have no religious significance

  • 39. 
    James says that a genuine option is _____. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      Live but not momentous

    • C. 

      Forced, live, and momentous

    • D. 

      Momentous but not forced

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is not one of the four Noble Truths? 
    • A. 

      Suffering is caused by desires

    • B. 

      To banish suffering, banish desires

    • C. 

      Life is suffering

    • D. 

      Life is impermanent

  • 41. 
    According to Rawls, behind the veil of ignorance, the principles of justice are _____. 
    • A. 

      Chosen arbitrarily

    • B. 

      Impractical

    • C. 

      The result of coercion

    • D. 

      The result of a fair agreement or bargain

  • 42. 
    According to Hobbes, whenever and wherever men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, there is _____. 
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Negotiation

    • C. 

      Freedom

    • D. 

      War

  • 43. 
    According to Locke, the chief end of men's uniting into a commonwealth is _____. 
    • A. 

      The preservation of the state of nature

    • B. 

      Domination over other commonwealths

    • C. 

      The preservation of their property

    • D. 

      The preservation of their absolute power

  • 44. 
    According to Locke, a man in the state of nature will relinquish his absolute freedom to the state because _____. 
    • A. 

      He will also enjoy absolute freedom when subject to the state

    • B. 

      He rejects the laws of the state of nature

    • C. 

      He wants to have absolute power over others

    • D. 

      In the state of nature the enjoyment of his freedom is very uncertain and vulnerable

  • 45. 
    According to Locke, every man, by consenting with others to make one body politic under one government, puts himself under an obligation to everyone of that society to submit to the determination of _____. 
    • A. 

      The majority

    • B. 

      The king

    • C. 

      The judges

    • D. 

      His own will

  • 46. 
    According to Rawls, all social values (opportunity, liberty, income, wealth, etc.) are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution is _____. 
    • A. 

      Consistent with utility

    • B. 

      To everyone's advantage

    • C. 

      Deserved

    • D. 

      Beneficial to the majority

  • 47. 
    According to Hobbes, the definition of injustice is _____. 
    • A. 

      Failure to abide by a contract

    • B. 

      Disobedience to God's law

    • C. 

      Failure to respect inherent rights

    • D. 

      Disobedience to a sovereign

  • 48. 
    According to Rawls, each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with _____. 
    • A. 

      Economic stability

    • B. 

      A similar liberty for others

    • C. 

      Social utility

    • D. 

      Traditional morality

  • 49. 
    According to Hobbes, in the condition of man in which there is a state of war of everyone against everyone, every man has a right to _____. 
    • A. 

      Some things

    • B. 

      Everything

    • C. 

      Due process

    • D. 

      Lawful treatment

  • 50. 
    In The Republic, Plato argues that the only kind of society that can ensure people get their due is a _____. 
    • A. 

      Plutocracy

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      Meritocracy

    • D. 

      Theocracy