Philosophy Exam Questions: Quiz!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Philosophy Exam Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which best states Locke's law of nature?
    • A. 

      An act is right if and only if it promotes one's own best interest.

    • B. 

      The state of nature has no central government.

    • C. 

      Rational self-interested people who act independently sometimes do worse than those who cooperate with each other.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    In Locke's state of nature, everyone has the executive power of the law. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    According to Utilitarianism, we ought to promote the greatest amount of pleasure for the greatest number of people alone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Civil government is the proper remedy for the inconveniences of the state of nature, according to Locke.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is an inconvenience of the state of nature according to Locke?
    • A. 

      There is no law at all

    • B. 

      There are no impartial judges

    • C. 

      No one has the right to enforce the law of nature

    • D. 

      All of the above are inconveniences of the state of nature

  • 6. 
    A sentient being is a being capable of feeling pain and pleasure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Utilitarianism is a consequentialist view, which means that the consequences of an action are irrelevant to its moral worth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Something is extrinsically valuable if and only if it is valuable in itself and not merely for what it produces.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Hedonism is
    • A. 

      A descriptive theory

    • B. 

      A normative theory

  • 10. 
    Mill and Bentham are both Classical Utilitarians.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    According to hedonism, physical pleasures alone are intrinsically valuable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    It is sometimes charged that utilitarianism is a doctrine worth only of swine. This means that utilitarianism seems to tell us to live like pigs. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The mill is a utilitarian who believes that we ought to live like pigs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    According to Locke, we have a right to revolt against an unjust government.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    One of the problems with Ethical Egoism is that it makes an arbitrary distinction between oneself and everyone else.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Mill responds to the swine objection by distinguishing between
    • A. 

      Egoism and utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Hedonism and consequentialism

    • C. 

      Lower pleasures and higher pleasures

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    One of the problems often raised against utilitarianism is that violating a person's rights might promote the greatest good for the greatest number. If that is true, then utilitarianism tells us that it is right to violate someone's rights. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    According to utilitarianism, pleasure alone is intrinsically valuable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    According to utilitarianism, if knowledge, justice, music, or the pursuit of philosophy have value at all, they have value only insofar they produce pleasure. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    One of the problems raised against utilitarianism concerns justice. What exactly is the problem?
    • A. 

      Utilitarians tend to be bad people and so they are unjust

    • B. 

      Utilitarians take justice to be intrinsically valuable

    • C. 

      Utilitarians tell us to promote our own self-interest exclusively

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    Humans are capable of experiencing pleasures that dogs cannot.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    If classical utilitarianism is true, dogs are entitled to moral consideration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    According to Locke, we are born with natural rights.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    If hedonism is true, then we should do whatever we want.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Ethical Egoism says that each person should pursue his or her own self-interest exclusively.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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