Pharmacology Trivia Quiz: Advantages And Disadvantages Of Medications!

46 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Pharmacology Quizzes & Trivia

People are prescribed different types of medications based on their ailments. Every drug has a specific way it should be taken, and the patient should be made aware of how to take it. Below is a Pharmacology exam on the advantages and disadvantages of medicines. Give it a try and see how much you know about the different drugs mentioned.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Advantages of Inhalation (Aerosol/Powder Form) medications
    • A. 

      Smaller doses required

    • B. 

      One minute onsets

    • C. 

      Minimum side effects

    • D. 

      Easily tolerated

  • 2. 
    Disadvantages of Inhalation (Aerosol/Powder Form) medications
    • A. 

      Difficult to deliver precise dosage

    • B. 

      At best only 20% of drug is delivered to the specific site

    • C. 

      Needs patient cooperation for optimal delivery

    • D. 

      One minute onset

  • 3. 
    When educating patient receiving Aerosol Therapy you would coach them by
    • A. 

      Deep normal inspiration

    • B. 

      3-5 second pause and passively exhale

    • C. 

      Every 8th to 10th breathe

    • D. 

      Lean forward

  • 4. 
    Two ways of gastrointestinal administration
    • A. 

      Oral (most common), rectal

    • B. 

      Nasal (most common), oral

    • C. 

      Liquid form, powder form

    • D. 

      Aerosol form, powder form

  • 5. 
    Gastrointestinal Onset
    • A. 

      10 - 15 min

    • B. 

      20 - 25 min

    • C. 

      30 - 60 min

    • D. 

      45 - 1hr

  • 6. 
    Advantage of Gastrointestinal medications
    • A. 

      May lavage or induce vomiting in case of over dose

    • B. 

      One minute onset

    • C. 

      Easily tolerated

    • D. 

      Needs patient cooperation

  • 7. 
    Disadvantages of Gastrointestinal Medications
    • A. 

      Slow onset

    • B. 

      Poor absorption with food

    • C. 

      Stomach irritation

    • D. 

      Difficult to deliver precise dose

  • 8. 
    Skin patches are known as
    • A. 

      Trans-dermal

    • B. 

      Trans-epidural

    • C. 

      Trans-fusion

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Onset for Transdermal
    • A. 

      10 - 15 min

    • B. 

      Minutes

    • C. 

      25 - 30 min

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Transdermal is used for
    • A. 

      Post operational surgical procedures

    • B. 

      Continuous high dose medication administration

    • C. 

      Continuous low dose medication administration

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Examples of Transdermal 
    • A. 

      Nitroglycerin Patches (Chest Pain)

    • B. 

      Nicotine Patches

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      B only

  • 12. 
    Major side effect of Bronchodilation
    • A. 

      Bradycardia

    • B. 

      Tachycardia

    • C. 

      Hypoxia

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Used in highly vascularized areas for systemic effect
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharacodynamics

    • C. 

      Topicals

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Used in the nose or throat for local effect
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C. 

      Topical medication

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    What are some methods of administration for TOPICAL Medications
    • A. 

      Mucous membranes

    • B. 

      Sublingual

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Topical medications used in the Mucous membranes for topical effect are 
    • A. 

      Oral lozenges

    • B. 

      Opthalmic

    • C. 

      Otic

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    What are Oral Lozenges used for 
    • A. 

      Cough drops (oropharynx)

    • B. 

      Ear solutions

    • C. 

      Eye solutions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    What are Opthalmic Topical medications used for
    • A. 

      Ear solutions

    • B. 

      Cough drops

    • C. 

      Eye solutions

    • D. 

      Non of the above

  • 19. 
    What are Otic Topical medications used for 
    • A. 

      Cough drops

    • B. 

      Ear solutions

    • C. 

      Eye solutions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    Sublingual Topical medication is placed where
    • A. 

      Nostrils

    • B. 

      Ears

    • C. 

      Eyes

    • D. 

      Beneath the tongue

  • 21. 
    Rapid systemic absorption (Topical)
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Mucous membrane

    • C. 

      Sublingual

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    All Topical medication is used on skin for
    • A. 

      A local effect (with the exception of Topical Nitroglycerine)

    • B. 

      Safety purposes (including inhalation)

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    Pharmaceutical Phase
    • A. 

      The drug administration phase

    • B. 

      Based on drug absorption

    • C. 

      Based on the effects of drugs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Describes the methods by which a drug is made available and administered to the body if in liquid form
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetic phase

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamic phase

    • C. 

      Pharmaceutical phase

    • D. 

      Topical Medication

  • 25. 
    Describes the time and course and disposition of a drug in the body
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetic phase

    • B. 

      Pharmaceutical phase

    • C. 

      Pharmacodynamic phase

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    Based on drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination
    • A. 

      Pharmaceutical phase

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamic phase

    • C. 

      Pharmacokinetic phase

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 27. 
    Describes the mechanism of drug ACTION by which the drug causes its effect in the body
    • A. 

      Pharmaceutical phase

    • B. 

      Pharmacokinetic phase

    • C. 

      Sublingual phase

    • D. 

      Pharmacodynamic phase

  • 28. 
    Effects of the drug are due to a combination of the drug stimulating the matching receptor site
    • A. 

      Pharmacodynamic phase

    • B. 

      Pharmaceutical phase

    • C. 

      Sublingual phase

    • D. 

      Pharmacokinetic phase

  • 29. 
    A majority of drugs are excreted by 
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 30. 
    Medications are metabolized by
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Muscle tissue

  • 31. 
    Failure of these organs will effect dosage and clearance fro the body
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    Repeated drug use
    • A. 

      Increases tolerance

    • B. 

      Decreases the need for drugs

    • C. 

      Enhances electrolytes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 33. 
    Some drugs have affinity to certain types of tissue which creates a "reserve" of drugs that can be slowly released into the bold stream dependent upon
    • A. 

      Adipose tissue

    • B. 

      Body weight

    • C. 

      Amount of dosage

    • D. 

      A and B

  • 34. 
    Two chemical acting simultaneously producing a greater sum than if acting alone
    • A. 

      Antagonistic effect

    • B. 

      Synergistic effect

    • C. 

      Additive effect

    • D. 

      Agonistic effect

  • 35. 
    Drugs that benefit from each others effect (unlike drugs)
    • A. 

      Additive effect

    • B. 

      Symbiotic effect

    • C. 

      Agonistic effect

    • D. 

      Antagonistic effect

  • 36. 
    Causing stimulation of that receptor site
    • A. 

      Synergistic effect

    • B. 

      Antagonistic effect

    • C. 

      Agonistic effect

    • D. 

      Symbiotic effect

  • 37. 
    Blocking, inhibiting, and opposite effect
    • A. 

      Synergistic effect

    • B. 

      Antagonistic effect

    • C. 

      Agonistic effect

    • D. 

      Additive effect

  • 38. 
    Action of two drugs that neither could produce alone (ventolin +atrovent)
    • A. 

      Additive effect

    • B. 

      Synergistic effect

    • C. 

      Symbiotic effect

    • D. 

      Antagonistic effect

  • 39. 
    Same meaning for interaction with other drugs
    • A. 

      Additive effect

    • B. 

      Symbiotic effect

    • C. 

      Synergistic effect

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 40. 
    Time of day, timed with or without meals and increased activity
    • A. 

      Genetic factors

    • B. 

      Time administration

    • C. 

      Interaction with other drugs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 41. 
    Metabolizes and breaks down medication
    • A. 

      Liver enzymes

    • B. 

      Kidney enzymes

    • C. 

      Lung enzymes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 42. 
    Liver enzymes metabolize drugs at different rates, resulting in different elimination rates
    • A. 

      Pathological state

    • B. 

      Time administration

    • C. 

      Genetic factors

    • D. 

      Psychological state

  • 43. 
    Various diseases causing differing metabolic rates
    • A. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Aerosolized drugs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 44. 
    Decreases metabolism
    • A. 

      Aerosolized drugs

    • B. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • C. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    Increases metabolism
    • A. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Aerosolized drugs

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 46. 
    Bronchospasm and secretions affect distribution and deposition
    • A. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Aerosolized drugs

    • D. 

      All of the above